Eleonora's falcon preparing to land on a rock

Eleonora's falcon

Eleonora's falcons are unusual because they change their diet when the breeding season arrives. Normally, they eat flying insects, such as dragonflies and locusts. When small migrating birds pass through the area, however, the falcons switch to hunting these and use this sudden abundance of food to feed their chicks.

Scientific name: Falco eleonorae

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Eleonora's falcon taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Eleonora's falcon can be found in a number of locations including: Africa, Madagascar, Mediterranean. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Eleonora's falcon distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Year assessed: 2009

Classified by: IUCN 3.1