Damaraland mole rats and naked mole rats are the only known eusocial mammals. This means they behave like bees or ants by living in a colony with a single breeding female (the queen) and related, reproductively suppressed, workers and soldiers.
Scientific name: Cryptomys damarensis
Living together and sharing the work.
Damara mole rats spend their lives underground, digging tunnels to look for roots and bulbs. But digging takes 1,000 times more energy than travelling on the surface, so for their existence to be possible they live in communal family groups. Only the queen is fertile and produces young sterile females which will eventually join in the hunt for food for the family.
Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.
The Damaraland mole rat can be found in a number of locations including: Africa. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.
The following habitats are found across the Damaraland mole rat distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.
Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.
Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
Population trend: Stable
Year assessed: 2008
Classified by: IUCN 3.1
The Damaraland mole rat, Damara mole rat, or Damaraland blesmol (Fukomys damarensis) is a burrowing rodent found in southern Africa. Along with the smaller, less hairy, naked mole rat, it is one of only two known eusocial mammals.
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