Cuttlefish amongst seaweed

Common cuttlefish

Common cuttlefish are predators and, like many cephalopods, occasionally indulge in a bit of cannibalism. They can change the colour and texture of their skin, disguising themselves as clumps of floating seaweed as they stalk their prey. They hunt from the moment they hatch and even the smallest hatchling will succeed in catching its prey four times out of five. Common cuttlefish are found in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, between West Africa and the Baltic. They are restricted by water temperature so in years when the seas warm up, their range increases.

Scientific name: Sepia officinalis

Rank: Species

Common names:

  • European common cuttlefish,
  • European cuttlefish

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The Common cuttlefish can be found in a number of locations including: Africa, Europe, Mediterranean, United Kingdom. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Common cuttlefish distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Molluscs
  4. Cephalopods
  5. Sepiida
  6. Sepiidae
  7. Sepia cuttlefish
  8. Common cuttlefish

BBC News about Common cuttlefish

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