Herrings and sardines form the family of fish called clupeids. Also in this family are the menhadens, pilchards and shads, in total it contains 216 species. Most clupeids feed on plankton, and the majority of species are marine, though a few migrate between the sea and freshwater. This family of fish constitutes a vital part of the fishing industry.
Scientific name: Clupeidae
The following habitats are found across the Herring and sardine family distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.
Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.
Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
Take a trip through the natural world with our themed collections of video clips from the natural history archive.
Sir David Attenborough's Africa series took over four years to make and has brought us eye to eye with the continent's incredible wildlife in spectacular ways.
Watch the year's highlights from the BBC's exploration of the planet's hidden corners and rarest creatures: from the turquoise seas of the South Pacific to the Lost Land of the Volcano.
Watch the most memorable moments from an incredible career watching wildlife, chosen by Sir David from the BBC archive.