Chameleons are famed for their ability to change colour, though not all species can. In a few types, the colour change is used as camouflage, but in most it is actually a form of communication. When not 'talking' to potential mates or warning off rivals, these chameleons will revert to a default colour that merges with their habitat - green for a jungle species, beige for a desert one.
Scientific name: Chamaeleonidae
The Namaqua chameleon has developed an ingenious tactic to avoid the heat of the desert.
The Namaqua chameleon has developed an ingenious tactic to avoid the heat of the Namib desert.
The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.
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