Elk, red and sika deer are a genus of large mammals native to large parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Their adaptability is almost legendary and has been instrumental in their successful introductions into many other areas of the world from South America to Australia. Inhabitants of open woodlands and grassland, they are also mountain dwellers that move down the slopes in winter. True deer make a tasty meal for many large predators, most notably wolves, bears and big cats. Recent DNA studies have left only four species in this group: the two red deer species, the sika deer and the wapati or elk.
Scientific name: Cervus
The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.
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