Three dromedary camels


Camels are almost entirely domesticated, providing milk, meat and transport. There are two living species: the single-humped dromedary and the double-humped bactrian. The humps are not full of water as commonly believed, they are in fact made up of fatty deposits that still help with water storage, so camels can survive life in extremely hot and arid deserts. Being able to withstand long periods without water, and some extreme changes in body temperature, allows camels to survive in conditions that would be lethal to most other animals.

Scientific name: Camelus

Rank: Genus

Watch video clips from past programmes (1 clip)

In order to see this content you need to have an up-to-date version of Flash installed and Javascript turned on.


The following habitats are found across the Camels distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Desert Desert
Desert and dry scrubland describes any area that receives less than 250mm of rainfall a year. Not just the endless, baking sand dunes of popular conception, it includes arid areas in temperate regions.


Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web