A Bornean orangutan

Bornean orangutan

Bornean orangutans live high in the tropical canopy of Borneo's forests, where they survive predominantly on fruit and sleep in nests constructed from branches. Females give birth only once every eight years, and it is this sluggish reproduction rate which makes orangutans so susceptible to population depletion. Sadly, these intelligent, iconic tree-dwellers are the victims of horrendous habitat loss: 80% has disappeared in the last 20 years, reducing the Bornean orangutan population to a mere 12,000-15,000.

Scientific name: Pongo pygmaeus

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Bornean orangutan taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Bornean orangutan can be found in a number of locations including: Asia. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Bornean orangutan distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Rainforest Rainforest
Rainforests are the world's powerhouses, the most vital habitats on the planet. Characterised by high rainfall, they only cover 6% of the Earth across the tropical regions, but they contain more than half of its plant and animal species.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status


  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Decreasing

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

BBC News about Bornean orangutan

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