Baikal seals on lying on the shore of Lake Baikal

Baikal seal

Baikal seals are the world's only completely freshwater seal. They live around Lake Baikal in Russia, the deepest lake in the world. In winter this lake is almost completely covered in ice, and in early spring, pregnant females build ice dens in which a single pup is usually born. Life on the lake has been affected by pollution from factories situated on its shores, and Baikal seals are considered to be heavily contaminated with pollutants, possibly at levels adverse to their health.

Scientific name: Pusa sibirica

Rank: Species

Common names:

  • Lake Baikal seal,
  • Nerpa

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The Baikal seal can be found in a number of locations including: Asia, Russia. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Baikal seal distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Stable

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

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