Olive baboons with baby in a thorn tree

Baboons

Baboons are large, old world monkeys containing five species native to Africa and south-west Arabia. Physically similar with long faces and dog-like muzzles, all baboons are intelligent, curious, adaptable and quite crafty. Rarely will baboons stray far from watering holes or willingly sleep on the ground. There is nothing simple about baboon society where the social behaviour is both varied and complex. A group of baboons is called a troop within which there is a striking size difference between the sexes, with males often twice the as large as females.

Scientific name: Papio

Rank: Genus

Distribution

Map showing the distribution of the Baboons taxa

The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

Explore this group

BBC News about Baboons

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.