Human Planet Explorer
Browse Human Planet Explorer video and audio from past BBC programmes that were filmed or recorded in China.
We will be adding to this section to create a fuller picture of how life is lived in China.
Children and cattle share a cave in what must be one of the most unique schools on Earth.
Two hundred pupils and 18 families and their livestock share a cave in what must be one of the most unique boarding schools on Earth.
Fishermen use trained cormorants to help them catch fish from the Li River in China.
Fishermen use trained cormorants to help them catch fish from the Li River in China. A noose is tied around the birds' necks to stop them swallowing any fish they may catch.
Lucy Duran is in the mountains of the Yunnan Province hearing the traditional music of the Yi people, one of the 56 minority communities of China.
Lucy Duran is in the mountains of the Yunnan Province hearing the traditional music of the Yi people, one of the 56 minorities of China. Lucy’s guide, Anxi, explains about the minorities of China and how they have kept some of the lost musical traditions of China. Travelling further into the remote mountains Lucy and her guide pass through extraordinary landscapes.
Lucy Duran explores the music of the Uyghur people in China's Xinjiang Province.
We hear an ensemble from the Xinjiang Arts Institute whilst Lucy Duran explains more about the Xinjiang and the Uyghur people. Lucy discusses with her guide, Anxi, about the culture, religion and lifestyle of the region and its difference from mainstream China.
China (i/ˈtʃaɪnə/; simplified Chinese: 中国; traditional Chinese: 中國; pinyin: Zhōngguó), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The PRC is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). The PRC also claims Taiwan – which is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity – as its 23rd province, a claim which is controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan.
Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world's second-largest country by land area, and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement.[i] China's landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometres (9,000 mi) long, and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.
The history of China goes back to the ancient civilization – one of the world's earliest – that flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythological Xia of the Yellow River basin (c. 2000 BCE). Since 221 BCE, when the Qin Dynasty first conquered several states to form a Chinese empire, the country has expanded, fractured and been reformed numerous times. The Republic of China (ROC) overthrew the last dynasty in 1911, and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949. After the defeat of the Empire of Japan in World War II, the Communist Party defeated the nationalist Kuomintang in mainland China and established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, while the Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to its present capital of Taipei.
The economic history of China stretches over thousands of years and has undergone alternating cycles of prosperity and decline. China was for a large part of the last two millennia the world's largest and most advanced economy. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. As of 2013, it is the world's second-largest economy by both nominal total GDP and purchasing power parity (PPP), and is also the world's largest exporter and importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, with the second-largest defense budget. The PRC has been a United Nations member since 1971, when it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the BCIM and the G-20. China is a regional power within Asia and has been characterized as a potential superpower by a number of commentators.