Round straw bales in a field

Farmland

Farmland is essentially a non-natural environment that has been deliberately cleared to make way for agriculture. The resulting patchwork of fields has been managed by tilling and ploughing, grazing, sowing and harvesting since the stone age. Despite being heavily managed, it's still an important wildlife and plant habitat, particularly along its margins which are less worked. Modern, intensive farming methods led to a decline in many species from this habitat. However, measures such as reinstating ponds, meadows and hedgerows, alongside a return to more traditional practices, are helping restore a balance that benefits both wildlife and food production.

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What lives here?

Mammals

Birds

Reptiles

Amphibians

Insects

Arachnids

Snails and slugs

Habitats

Other Terrestrial habitats

BBC News about Farmland

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