A hidden stargazer fish looking out of the sand

Camouflage

Camouflage is the art of not being seen, practised by predators, prey and plants. Colour might help an organism blend in with their environment - even when the organism itself cannot see in colour. Body shapes can make them appear to be some other object common in the same surroundings. Patterns might sometimes make an animal more noticeable, but they can also help disguise outline. The tiger's stripes and the giraffe's patches make them almost impossible to detect in dappled light.

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Animals with this behaviour

Mammals

Birds

Reptiles

Amphibians

Cartilaginous fish

Ray-finned fishes

Cephalopods

Insects

Arachnids

Behaviours

Other Morphology behaviours

BBC News about Camouflage

Video collections

Take a trip through the natural world with our themed collections of video clips from the natural history archive.