In the Blood
As a lad, John Phillips dreamed of joining the navy.
But instead ended up working long hours loading fish lorries.
When his elder brother suggested he could earn a better
living as a miner John jumped at the chance and at 25 years old began
a lifetime's toil underground.
| The tin mine
John started working as a winder driver in the 1960s,
and after serving his apprenticeship he was sent down to the mine face
to drill rocks for blasting.
His job was to help expand the mine and free up the tin,
which sold - at its peak - for £8,500 a ton.
He remembers the camaraderie, but also the danger, of
life down the mine.
"You've got to know exactly what you are doing,"
"You've got to take great care because you've got
rock above your head as well as on the sides and a piece could fall at
any moment if you are not careful."
A Dirty Job
Quite apart from the constant danger, blasting down the
mine was a draining and physically demanding job.
| The mine's chemical separation tanks
"The upper levels at Geevor would be like working
in a rainstorm," John says.
"There was cold water running on you and you were
up to your knees in mud and slush water, your boots got full up and then
you were soaking wet.
"As you got lower down it grew red hot and very
humid. You worked in just a pair of trousers and a vest and any exertion,
you started sweating.
"There were two of you in a header approximately
seven by eight foot and sometimes you never even stopped for dinner.
"We'd work, because if we didn't drill and break
the ground we'd never get any money.
"It was something you accepted because you were
a miner, and if you didn't like it you went on searching for something
on the farm. But we all loved it and once you started mining you never
The Collapse of Tin
John was a union rep at the Geevor mine when the bottom
fell out of the tin market in 1986.
He recalls how the crash came with little warning and
decimated the lives of his colleagues.
"I must have been one of the last miners to be finished
at Geevor. I was walking through the mine when it was empty.
| End of the line for tin
"It was like a ghost, a ghost's mine, myself and
Jeremy Green - he was my mine captain, we had to go down and bring up
all the machines from the stopes and clean everything out and it was the
worst day's work I had to do in my mining career."
When the tin price dropped from over £8,000 a ton
to less than £3,000 a ton, the Geevor miners had put forward a proposal
to their management that they would work 9 hours a day but still only
receive 8 hours pay.
This action did enable the mine to continue operating
for a time. But the miners were fighting a losing battle.
John recalls: "Myself and my partner at the time,
Roger Pearce, we were working on 15 level doing some developing and we
had members of the DTI come in.
"I actually shook the man's hand and he said, 'I
see all the work that you are doing and I can't see a reason why the Government
won't invest the money in your mine.'
"I thought 'We are going to be reasonably safe now,
we are going to get some money from the Government', and then obviously
the money was cut off just months after that.
"It was Black Friday when I came up from underground
and I was asked by a reporter 'How do you feel about the mine shutting?'
I think it was a crying shame."
The Doomed March
The tin miners who were losing their jobs as a result
of the closures marched to London to protest - but tragic events elsewhere
overshadowed their demonstration.
| The Challenger shuttle explodes
"It was going well," John says. "We were
getting a lot of support from everybody in London when we went but unfortunately
the space ship, Challenger
exploded and killed all the astronauts the same day.
"While obviously I can understand that it was far
superior news than we miners at the time, if it wasn't for that we might
have got a little something, I don't know, because I think the march was
When the Geevor mine closed, John managed to get a job
four days a week at Leonard Cheshire Foundation at Long Lock.
He worked as a handyman, taking
people around in their wheel chairs.
"I did that for a while and then I went to work for
a haulage company, loading the lorries and whatnot for a while,"
John recalls. "Then I managed to get back to Geevor again for a short
period of time."
John heard through the grapevine that there was work
in Yorkshire, so he moved to Doncaster and worked in coal mines for contractor
"I worked for them for quite a while going round
different pits developing in the mines instead of working in the headings,"
John says. "And then I actually went and worked for the Coal Board
"Then obviously coal experienced
the same sort of problems as tin and I thought 'Aye, aye, I'm jinxed here'.
"Five or six years later the last mine I was working
at closed, and that was the end of an era. It's
something I got used to I think, being made redundant from mines."