1. Click for Expanded View of Einojuhani Rautavaara (b.1928)

    Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Clip Length: 01:01:16
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 5 Jun 2014 
  2. Click for Expanded View of A Night on the Bare Mountain (shortened version)

    Clip Length: 03:54
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 19 hours ago 
  3. Click for Expanded View of Symphony No. 5 (1st movement) (shortened version)

    Clip Length: 04:29
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 19 hours ago 
  4. Click for Expanded View of 'Mars' from 'The Planets' (shortened version)

    Clip Length: 04:02
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 19 hours ago 
  5. Click for Expanded View of Zadok the Priest (shortened version)

    Clip Length: 04:25
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 19 hours ago 
  6. Click for Expanded View of Cole Porter (1891-1964)

    Clip Length: 01:17:40
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 20 hours ago 
  7. Click for Expanded View of R Strauss: Festival Prelude

    Vasily Petrenko
    Clip Length: 11:07
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  8. Click for Expanded View of R Strauss: Deutsche Motette

    Vasily Petrenko
    Clip Length: 17:27
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  9. Click for Expanded View of Conductor Peter Phillips talks to Sean Rafferty about John Tavener

    Peter Phillips
    Clip Length: 06:28
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 22 hours ago 
  10. Click for Expanded View of Elgar: Symphony No. 2 in E flat major

    Vasily Petrenko
    Clip Length: 56:17
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  11. Click for Expanded View of BBC Concert Orchestra Producer Neil Varley talks about the War Horse Prom

    Clip Length: 03:45
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 22 hours ago 
  12. Click for Expanded View of R Strauss: Four Last Songs

    Vasily Petrenko
    Clip Length: 20:49
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  13. Click for Expanded View of Interview with accordionist James Crabb and composer Sally Beamish

    Clip Length: 02:33
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  14. Click for Expanded View of Birtwistle: Night's Black Bird

    BBC Philharmonic
    Clip Length: 12:52
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  15. Click for Expanded View of Ravel: Piano Concerto For the Left Hand

    Maurice Ravel
    Clip Length: 17:13
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  16. Click for Expanded View of Scriabin: Prelude for the Left Hand (encore)

    Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin
    Clip Length: 02:23
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  17. Click for Expanded View of Mahler: Symphony No. 5 (Part 1)

    Gustav Mahler
    Clip Length: 26:37
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  18. Click for Expanded View of Mahler: Symphony No. 5 (Part 2)

    Gustav Mahler
    Clip Length: 17:02
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  19. Click for Expanded View of Mahler: Symphony No. 5 (Part 3)

    Gustav Mahler
    Clip Length: 24:27
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  20. Click for Expanded View of Richard Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos - Opera Guide

    Richard Strauss
    Clip Length: 09:31
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  21. Click for Expanded View of Stephen Grosz on Brahms

    Clip Length: 02:34
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  22. Click for Expanded View of Christopher Bowen, BBC Singers tenor, talks about Richard Strauss's Deutsche Motette

    Clip Length: 03:36
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 1 day ago 
  23. Click for Expanded View of Erkin: Kocekce (Encore)

    Sascha Goetzel
    Clip Length: 09:14
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  24. Click for Expanded View of Respighi: Belkis, Queen of Sheba

    Ottorino Respighi
    Clip Length: 24:43
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  25. Click for Expanded View of Handel: Solomon - The Arrival of the Queen of Sheba (arr. Beecham)

    George Frideric Handel
    Clip Length: 03:15
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  26. Click for Expanded View of Prokofiev: Violin Concerto (World Premiere)

    Gabriel Prokofiev
    Clip Length: 34:59
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  27. Click for Expanded View of Mozart: Die Entführung aus dem Serail - overture

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Clip Length: 05:13
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  28. Click for Expanded View of Holst: Beni Mora

    Gustav Holst
    Clip Length: 17:22
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  29. Click for Expanded View of Balakirev: Islamey - Oriental Fantasy

    The Borusan Istanbul Philharmonic Orchestra
    Clip Length: 09:22
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  30. Click for Expanded View of Meet My Choir: The Welsh Camerata

    Clip Length: 04:23
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 
  31. Click for Expanded View of Rameau: In convertendo Dominus

    Jean-Philippe Rameau
    Clip Length: 23:31
    Clip type: Audio
    Added 2 days ago 

Einojuhani Rautavaara (b.1928)

You do not have javascript enabled, please enable javascript to view this clip How?
Einojuhani Rautavaara Clip duration: 01:01:16 Audio
To coincide with the eightieth birthday of Finnish composer Einojuhani Rautavaara, Donald Macleod presents a survey of his life and music, with excerpts specially recorded for the programme by Rautavaara himself. He begins with a look at the formative experiences of Rautavaara's childhood going on to chart Rautavaara's progress as he left Finland to broaden his musical horizons in America and Europe; winning first prize at the Cincinnati Composers Competition in 1954.

The Finnish landscape is an influence that Rautavaara readily acknowledges in his music. Folk-tales originally gathered in the countryside were an integral part of national identity and, as a young boy, his father used to tell him tales from the Kalevala, Finland's folk-lore epic, as bedtime stories. Yet, when it came to music, Rautavaara initially steered clear of Finland's folklore. He felt that the Kalevala belonged to his forebear Sibelius rather than to a young composer, but later on, in works such as The First Runo for chamber choir, Rautavaara found the means to express his connection with his folk heritage.

Religious and metaphysical subjects have been a continuing source of fascination for Rautavaara. The key to his belief lies not in a specific doctrine, but in the words of the German philosopher Friedrich Schleiermacher that 'true religion is sense and taste for the infinite'. Another theme within Rautavaara's work stems from his belief in the existence of angels - but for him, the angel is not golden and cherubic but a rather more menacing figure as described by the German poet Rilke.

Donald Macleod concludes the survey of the life and works of Finnish composer Einojuhani Rautavaara with an exploration of some of his compositional techniques and the ideologies behind them. Borrowing a quote from Thomas Mann, Rautavaara sees compositions as having a 'sort of metaphysical mind of their own', with the composer's role being one of a mediator or perhaps a mid-wife. He says the music tells you where it wants to go and it is the composer's job to help the music live on its own terms.
Added 5 Jun 2014
Featured Artists:

Elsewhere on the BBC

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.