Béla Bartók
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1881-03-25
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/fd14da1b-3c2d-4cc8-9ca6-fc8c62ce6988
Béla Bartók Béla Bartók Béla Bartók Béla Bartók

Biography

Without doubt the greatest Hungarian composer of the 20th century, Bartók was also a formidably accomplished pianist and a renowned collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and beyond. And, of course, he taught. Bartók learnt the piano and began ...

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Béla Bartók & György Sándor
Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs
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Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs
Béla Bartók & James Ehnes (violin), Michael Collins (clarinet), Andrew Armstrong (piano)
Contrasts, trio for violin, clarinet & piano
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Contrasts, trio for violin, clarinet & piano Contrasts, trio for violin, clarinet & piano Contrasts, trio for violin, clarinet & piano Contrasts, trio for violin, clarinet & piano
Béla Bartók & György Sándor
Two Elegies Op. 8b
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Two Elegies Op. 8b Two Elegies Op. 8b Two Elegies Op. 8b Two Elegies Op. 8b
David Kadouch & Béla Bartók
Out of Doors, Sz.81
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Out of Doors, Sz.81 Out of Doors, Sz.81 Out of Doors, Sz.81 Out of Doors, Sz.81
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
37 Prelude and Canon
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37 Prelude and Canon 37 Prelude and Canon 37 Prelude and Canon 37 Prelude and Canon
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
27 Limping Dance
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27 Limping Dance 27 Limping Dance 27 Limping Dance 27 Limping Dance
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
26 Teasing Song
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26 Teasing Song 26 Teasing Song 26 Teasing Song 26 Teasing Song
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
23 Wedding Song
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23 Wedding Song 23 Wedding Song 23 Wedding Song 23 Wedding Song
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
19 Fairy Tale
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19 Fairy Tale 19 Fairy Tale 19 Fairy Tale 19 Fairy Tale
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
14 Cushion Dance
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14 Cushion Dance 14 Cushion Dance 14 Cushion Dance 14 Cushion Dance
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
11 Lullaby
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11 Lullaby 11 Lullaby 11 Lullaby 11 Lullaby
Alexander Sitkovetsky, Béla Bartók & Maxim Rysanov
9 Play
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9 Play 9 Play 9 Play 9 Play
Jens Elvekjaer, Béla Bartók, Soo-Jin Hong & Olli Leppäniemi
Contrasts Sz.111 for violin, clarinet and piano
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Contrasts Sz.111 for violin, clarinet and piano Contrasts Sz.111 for violin, clarinet and piano Contrasts Sz.111 for violin, clarinet and piano Contrasts Sz.111 for violin, clarinet and piano
Béla Bartók & Emerson String Quartet
String Quartet No.3 (Coda: Allegro Molto)
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String Quartet No.3 (Coda: Allegro Molto) String Quartet No.3 (Coda: Allegro Molto) String Quartet No.3 (Coda: Allegro Molto) String Quartet No.3 (Coda: Allegro Molto)
Alina Ibragimova & Béla Bartók
Sonata Sz.117 For Violin Solo - 4th mvt
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Sonata Sz.117 For Violin Solo - 4th mvt Sonata Sz.117 For Violin Solo - 4th mvt Sonata Sz.117 For Violin Solo - 4th mvt Sonata Sz.117 For Violin Solo - 4th mvt
François Couperin, Jan Michiels & Béla Bartók
Les Baricades misterieuses [from Pieces de clavecin -ordre no.6]
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Les Baricades misterieuses [from Pieces de clavecin -ordre no.6] Les Baricades misterieuses [from Pieces de clavecin -ordre no.6] Les Baricades misterieuses [from Pieces de clavecin -ordre no.6] Les Baricades misterieuses [from Pieces de clavecin -ordre no.6]
Béla Bartók, Budapest Festival Orchestra & Ivan Fisher
Transylvanian Dances for Orchestra
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Transylvanian Dances for Orchestra Transylvanian Dances for Orchestra Transylvanian Dances for Orchestra Transylvanian Dances for Orchestra
Béla Bartók, Radion sinfoniaorkesteri & Sakari Oramo
Romanian Folkdances
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Romanian Folkdances Romanian Folkdances Romanian Folkdances Romanian Folkdances
James Clark, Béla Bartók & BBC National Orchestra of Wales
Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano)
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Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano) Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano) Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano) Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56 (Orig. for piano)
Béla Bartók, Philharmonia Orchestra & Christoph von Dohnányi
Divertimento for String Orchestra Sz.113
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Divertimento for String Orchestra Sz.113 Divertimento for String Orchestra Sz.113 Divertimento for String Orchestra Sz.113 Divertimento for String Orchestra Sz.113
Béla Bartók, Wiener Philharmoniker & Christoph von Dohnányi
Two Portraits, Op 5 No 2 (Presto)
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Two Portraits, Op 5 No 2 (Presto) Two Portraits, Op 5 No 2 (Presto) Two Portraits, Op 5 No 2 (Presto) Two Portraits, Op 5 No 2 (Presto)
Béla Bartók & James Ehnes (violin), Michael Collins (clarinet), Andrew Armstrong (piano)
Contrasts
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Contrasts Contrasts Contrasts Contrasts
Eduard Kunz & Béla Bartók
Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14)
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Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14) Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14) Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14) Suite for piano (Sz.62) (Op.14)
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Béla Bartók & Pierre Boulez
Hungarian Sketches: No. 5 Swineherd's Dance
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Hungarian Sketches: No. 5 Swineherd's Dance Hungarian Sketches: No. 5 Swineherd's Dance Hungarian Sketches: No. 5 Swineherd's Dance Hungarian Sketches: No. 5 Swineherd's Dance
Raphael Wallfisch, Béla Bartók, Gábor Takács-Nagy & BBC National Orchestra of Wales
Viola Concerto (Finale. Allegretto)
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Viola Concerto (Finale. Allegretto) Viola Concerto (Finale. Allegretto) Viola Concerto (Finale. Allegretto) Viola Concerto (Finale. Allegretto)
Béla Bartók, I Cameristi Italiani & Arthur Willner
Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings
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Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings Romanian folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Willner for strings
Béla Bartók, Budapest Festival Orchestra & Iván Fischer
Hungarian Peasant Songs BB107
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Hungarian Peasant Songs BB107 Hungarian Peasant Songs BB107 Hungarian Peasant Songs BB107 Hungarian Peasant Songs BB107
Béla Bartók, Antal Doráti & Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56, No.1-7
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Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56, No.1-7 Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56, No.1-7 Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56, No.1-7 Romanian folk dances (Sz.68) orch. from Sz.56, No.1-7
Béla Bartók, Michael Collins & BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
Suite no. 2 Sz.34
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Suite no. 2 Sz.34 Suite no. 2 Sz.34 Suite no. 2 Sz.34 Suite no. 2 Sz.34
Shlomo Mintz, Béla Bartók, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra & Riccardo Chailly
Violin Concerto No.1 (Op.Post) (Sz.36)
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Violin Concerto No.1 (Op.Post) (Sz.36) Violin Concerto No.1 (Op.Post) (Sz.36) Violin Concerto No.1 (Op.Post) (Sz.36) Violin Concerto No.1 (Op.Post) (Sz.36)
Béla Bartók, Jean-Efflam Bavouzet, BBC Philharmonic & Gianandrea Noseda
Piano Concerto 3 : 2nd Movement (Adagio Religioso)
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Piano Concerto 3 : 2nd Movement (Adagio Religioso) Piano Concerto 3 : 2nd Movement (Adagio Religioso) Piano Concerto 3 : 2nd Movement (Adagio Religioso) Piano Concerto 3 : 2nd Movement (Adagio Religioso)
Claire Ouellet, Sandra Murray & Béla Bartók
6 pieces from Mikrokosmos arr. Bartok for 2 pianos
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6 pieces from Mikrokosmos arr. Bartok for 2 pianos 6 pieces from Mikrokosmos arr. Bartok for 2 pianos 6 pieces from Mikrokosmos arr. Bartok for 2 pianos 6 pieces from Mikrokosmos arr. Bartok for 2 pianos
Béla Bartók, Steven Staryk, Rafael Kubelík & Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Two Portraits, Op 5
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Two Portraits, Op 5 Two Portraits, Op 5 Two Portraits, Op 5 Two Portraits, Op 5
Béla Bartók & Dezso Ranki
Mikrokosmos: Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm Nos. 3-4
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Mikrokosmos: Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm Nos. 3-4 Mikrokosmos: Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm Nos. 3-4 Mikrokosmos: Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm Nos. 3-4 Mikrokosmos: Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm Nos. 3-4
Béla Bartók, Magyar Rádió Énekkara & Peter Erdei
4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus (Sz.93) (1930)
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4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus (Sz.93) (1930) 4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus (Sz.93) (1930) 4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus (Sz.93) (1930) 4 Hungarian folk songs for chorus (Sz.93) (1930)
Béla Bartók, Laszlo Dobszay & Choir of Liszt Academy
Evening
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Evening Evening Evening Evening
Béla Bartók, Iván Fischer & Budapest Festival Orchestra
Kossuth
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Kossuth Kossuth Kossuth Kossuth
Béla Bartók, Kungliga Filharmonikerna & Sir Andrew Davis
Intermezzo Interrotto (Concerto for Orchestra Sz 116)
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Intermezzo Interrotto (Concerto for Orchestra Sz 116) Intermezzo Interrotto (Concerto for Orchestra Sz 116) Intermezzo Interrotto (Concerto for Orchestra Sz 116) Intermezzo Interrotto (Concerto for Orchestra Sz 116)
Béla Bartók, Jorja Fleezanis & Alexander Sitkovetsky
Hungarian Song No.2
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Hungarian Song No.2 Hungarian Song No.2 Hungarian Song No.2 Hungarian Song No.2
Béla Bartók, Saito Kinen Orchestra & Seiji Ozawa
Concerto for Orchestra - third movement
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Concerto for Orchestra - third movement Concerto for Orchestra - third movement Concerto for Orchestra - third movement Concerto for Orchestra - third movement
Béla Bartók, Pierre Boulez & Gustav Mahler Jugendorchester
Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; No 1, Preludio
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Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; No 1, Preludio Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; No 1, Preludio Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; No 1, Preludio Four Orchestral Pieces, Op 12; No 1, Preludio
Béla Bartók, Orquesta Nacional de España & Günter Pichler
Divertimento for String Orchestra
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Divertimento for String Orchestra Divertimento for String Orchestra Divertimento for String Orchestra Divertimento for String Orchestra
Béla Bartók, Budapest Festival Orchestra & Iván Fischer
Piano Concerto No.1, Music for Strings, Percussino and Celesta
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Piano Concerto No.1, Music for Strings, Percussino and Celesta Piano Concerto No.1, Music for Strings, Percussino and Celesta Piano Concerto No.1, Music for Strings, Percussino and Celesta Piano Concerto No.1, Music for Strings, Percussino and Celesta
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army, Bela Podor & Béla Bartók
Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs
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Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Four Old Hungarian Folk Songs

Performer
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Conductor
Bela Podor
Choir
Male Choir of the Hungarian Army
Béla Bartók & Philharmonia Orchestra, Neeme Jarvi (conductor)
Swineheard’s Dance (Hungarian Pictures, BB103)
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Swineheard’s Dance (Hungarian Pictures, BB103) Swineheard’s Dance (Hungarian Pictures, BB103) Swineheard’s Dance (Hungarian Pictures, BB103) Swineheard’s Dance (Hungarian Pictures, BB103)
Béla Bartók & Kathryn Stott
Romanian folk dances for piano (Sz.56)
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Romanian folk dances for piano (Sz.56) Romanian folk dances for piano (Sz.56) Romanian folk dances for piano (Sz.56) Romanian folk dances for piano (Sz.56)
Michael Collins, Béla Bartók, James Ehnes & Andrew Armstrong
Contrasts Sz.111 For Violin, Clarinet And Piano: no.3; Sebes [Fast dance]
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Contrasts  Sz.111 For Violin, Clarinet And Piano: no.3; Sebes [Fast dance] Contrasts  Sz.111 For Violin, Clarinet And Piano: no.3; Sebes [Fast dance] Contrasts  Sz.111 For Violin, Clarinet And Piano: no.3; Sebes [Fast dance] Contrasts  Sz.111 For Violin, Clarinet And Piano: no.3; Sebes [Fast dance]
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Biography

Without doubt the greatest Hungarian composer of the 20th century, Bartók was also a formidably accomplished pianist and a renowned collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and beyond. And, of course, he taught.

Bartók learnt the piano and began composing at a very young age. He went on to study at the Budapest Academy of Music but was slow in developing his own musical language. His most accomplished pre-Academy works show the influence of Brahms and Schumann; those of his student years betray the marks of Richard Strauss. The subject matter of the early symphonic poem Kossuth was already unmistakably Hungarian, but it wasn’t until 1904 that Bartók heard his first genuine Hungarian folk song. The deep acquaintance with his native folk music resonated in his own work. He had found his real musical identity and proved as much in a sequence of hugely accomplished scores: the First and Second String Quartets (1909 and 1914–17), the one-act opera Duke Bluebeard’s Castle (1911), and the ballets The Wooden Prince (1914–17) and The Miraculous Mandarin (1918–19).

His fame as both composer and pianist spread fast. Between 1926 and 1931 he wrote the first two of his three piano concertos as vehicles for his own playing. Typically, though, he resisted adopting the life of a touring composer-virtuoso. He continued with his folk-music studies and with developing his own musical language, exploring the nature of variation, the viability of symmetrical forms and a whole array of novel sounds in pieces such as the Third, Fourth and Fifth Quartets (1927, 1928, 1934), the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) and the Sonata for two pianos and percussion (1937). His later music veers towards a more diatonic sound-world, though formal process and proportion always remained important issues.

Bartók fled to the USA in 1940. Although he found work lecturing and giving concerts, he failed to re-establish his reputation. Depression, financial worries and severe health problems followed. He died in New York on 26 September 1945 from leukaemia, leaving his Third Piano Concerto 17 bars short of completion and his Viola Concerto still in sketch form. Thanks to a far-sighted commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation, though, he had in 1943 completed his Concerto for Orchestra, a masterpiece that betrays no sign of the distress that this sensitive, reluctant émigré was suffering.

Profile by Stephen Pettitt © BBC

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