Béla Bartók
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1881-03-25
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/fd14da1b-3c2d-4cc8-9ca6-fc8c62ce6988
Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók Biography (BBC)

Without doubt the greatest Hungarian composer of the 20th century, Bartók was also a formidably accomplished pianist and a renowned collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and beyond. And, of course, he taught.

Bartók learnt the piano and began composing at a very young age. He went on to study at the Budapest Academy of Music but was slow in developing his own musical language. His most accomplished pre-Academy works show the influence of Brahms and Schumann; those of his student years betray the marks of Richard Strauss. The subject matter of the early symphonic poem Kossuth was already unmistakably Hungarian, but it wasn’t until 1904 that Bartók heard his first genuine Hungarian folk song. The deep acquaintance with his native folk music resonated in his own work. He had found his real musical identity and proved as much in a sequence of hugely accomplished scores: the First and Second String Quartets (1909 and 1914–17), the one-act opera Duke Bluebeard’s Castle (1911), and the ballets The Wooden Prince (1914–17) and The Miraculous Mandarin (1918–19).

His fame as both composer and pianist spread fast. Between 1926 and 1931 he wrote the first two of his three piano concertos as vehicles for his own playing. Typically, though, he resisted adopting the life of a touring composer-virtuoso. He continued with his folk-music studies and with developing his own musical language, exploring the nature of variation, the viability of symmetrical forms and a whole array of novel sounds in pieces such as the Third, Fourth and Fifth Quartets (1927, 1928, 1934), the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) and the Sonata for two pianos and percussion (1937). His later music veers towards a more diatonic sound-world, though formal process and proportion always remained important issues.

Bartók fled to the USA in 1940. Although he found work lecturing and giving concerts, he failed to re-establish his reputation. Depression, financial worries and severe health problems followed. He died in New York on 26 September 1945 from leukaemia, leaving his Third Piano Concerto 17 bars short of completion and his Viola Concerto still in sketch form. Thanks to a far-sighted commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation, though, he had in 1943 completed his Concerto for Orchestra, a masterpiece that betrays no sign of the distress that this sensitive, reluctant émigré was suffering.

Profile by Stephen Pettitt © BBC

Béla Bartók Biography (Wikipedia)

Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer and pianist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers (Gillies 2001). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Béla Bartók Performances & Interviews


Béla Bartók Tracks

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Béla Bartók
Mikrokosmos, Book VI: From the diary of a fly; Ostinato; Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm 4 & 6
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Mikrokosmos, Book VI: From the diary of a fly; Ostinato; Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm 4 & 6
Béla Bartók
Romanian folk dances (Sz.56), arr. Szekely for violin and piano
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Romanian folk dances (Sz.56), arr. Szekely for violin and piano
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No 1
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Violin Concerto No 1
Béla Bartók
The Miraculous mandarin - pantomime Sz.73
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The Miraculous mandarin - pantomime Sz.73
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto no 1 Sz.83
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Piano Concerto no 1 Sz.83
Béla Bartók
Divertimento Sz.113
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Divertimento Sz.113
Béla Bartók
Violin Concerto No.1, Sz.36 (Op.post)
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Violin Concerto No.1, Sz.36 (Op.post)
Béla Bartók
3 Hungarian folksongs from the Csik district for piano (Sz.35a)
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3 Hungarian folksongs from the Csik district for piano (Sz.35a)
Béla Bartók
Music for Strings, Percussion And Celesta – III Adagio
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Music for Strings, Percussion And Celesta – III Adagio
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No.1, Sz.83
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Piano Concerto No.1, Sz.83
Béla Bartók
Three Hungarian Folksongs from Csik
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Three Hungarian Folksongs from Csik
Béla Bartók
Divertimento for string orchestra (Sz.113), 3rd movement; Allegro assai
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Divertimento for string orchestra (Sz.113), 3rd movement; Allegro assai
Béla Bartók
Violin Sonata (2nd mvt)
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Violin Sonata (2nd mvt)
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances, Sz.56 for piano
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Romanian Folk Dances, Sz.56 for piano
Béla Bartók
Roumanian Christmas Carols
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Roumanian Christmas Carols
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Szekely for violin & piano
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Romanian Folk dances (Sz.56) arr. Szekely for violin & piano
Béla Bartók
Harvest Song
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Harvest Song
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No. 2, Bb 101: II. Adagio - Piu Adagio - Presto
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Piano Concerto No. 2, Bb 101: II. Adagio - Piu Adagio - Presto
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No. 1, Bb 91: I. Allegro Moderato
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Piano Concerto No. 1, Bb 91: I. Allegro Moderato
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No. 2, Bb 101: I. Allegro
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Piano Concerto No. 2, Bb 101: I. Allegro
Béla Bartók
Romanian Folk Dances, Sz 56
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Romanian Folk Dances, Sz 56
Béla Bartók
Out of Doors, suite for pianoThe Night's Music (Heritage Track)
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Out of Doors, suite for pianoThe Night's Music (Heritage Track)
Béla Bartók
Three Village Scenes for female voices
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Three Village Scenes for female voices
Béla Bartók
Rhapsody no. 1 Sz.86
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Rhapsody no. 1 Sz.86
Béla Bartók
Transylvanian Dances for orchestra (1st mvt)
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Transylvanian Dances for orchestra (1st mvt)
Béla Bartók
Rondos on Folk Tunes, Sz. 84
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Rondos on Folk Tunes, Sz. 84
Béla Bartók
Melodia, from 'Sonata for Solo Violin', Sz.117
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Melodia, from 'Sonata for Solo Violin', Sz.117
Béla Bartók
For children Sz.42 - volumes 1 & 2
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For children Sz.42 - volumes 1 & 2
Béla Bartók
Quartet No. 1 Sz.40
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Quartet No. 1 Sz.40
Béla Bartók
Piano Concerto No. 3 Sz.119
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Piano Concerto No. 3 Sz.119
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Playlists featuring Béla Bartók


Past BBC Events

Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08
http://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ec95v2
Queen's Hall
1936-01-07T17:43:14
7
Jan
1936

Winter Proms 1935–6: Prom 08

20:00
Queen's Hall

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