Marie-Joseph Canteloube de Malaret (21 October 1879 – 4 November 1957) was a French composer, musicologist, and author best known for his collections of orchestrated folksongs from the Auvergne region, Chants d'Auvergne.
Canteloube was born in Annonay, Ardèche, into a family with deep roots in the Auvergne region of France. He studied piano from the age of six with Amélie Doetzer, a friend of Frédéric Chopin. After earning his baccalauréat, he worked at a bank in Bordeaux. He returned to his family home in Malaret (Annonay) upon his father's death in 1896, remaining there until his mother's death in 1899 and then beyond as sole owner of the estate. After a period of silence and mourning, Canteloube married Charlotte Marthe Calaret in 1901, who gave birth to twins Pierre and Guy in 1903.
He began studying with Vincent d'Indy via correspondence in 1901, reluctant to leave Malaret. Upon d'Indy's constant urging, he finally entered the Schola Cantorum in 1907 in Paris, were he remained until the beginning of WWI in 1914. At the Schola, Canteloube became close friends with fellow composer and student Déodat de Séverac.