Gabriel Fauré
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1845-05-12
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/fa19a8b6-e7f4-40d4-af15-7a7c41ac7d8f
Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Fauré

Biography

Gabriel Fauré’s personality contains a singular mix of contradictory elements. He learnt his craft at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, an institution devoted to raising the standards of church music by studying plainchant and Renaissance music. He then made his ...

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Biography

Gabriel Fauré’s personality contains a singular mix of contradictory elements. He learnt his craft at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, an institution devoted to raising the standards of church music by studying plainchant and Renaissance music. He then made his name with songs and piano music of sensuous melodic allure and an apparently easy fluency, which earned him a reputation as a society composer that he never emerged from in his lifetime as far as the wider world was concerned.

Thanks to the early advocacy of his teacher Saint-Saëns, he made his way in the musical world and rose through the hierarchies of Paris church posts – assistant to Widor at Saint-Sulpice, then organist at the fashionable Madeleine – and teaching positions, eventually becoming director of the Conservatoire. In the latter capacity, he was a reformist; socially, he was an established figure, taking advantage of his apparent popularity with women, though it should be remembered that salons were a prime venue for artistic networking and musical performance: Fauré would there meet Debussy and Ravel, Colette and Anatole France, while his improvised piano duets with Messager were legendary. Overseas he attempted to make himself known in London, with limited success.

For two decades at the end of his life he suffered a hearing affliction that distorted pitch, and progressive deafness. The concentration and introverted nature of his later music is sometimes attributed to this condition, but it is also the logical outcome of the way he had always composed. His Niedermeyer training had instilled the elements of counterpoint and especially the modes, which give his melodies and harmonies their personal flavour. Technically speaking, a fondness for sharpened fourths and flattened sevenths, and a reluctance to use perfect cadences, made for a marked lessening of the dramatic tensions that typified fully tonal music at the turn of the 19th century.

Instead, Fauré’s music expresses its energy in restless, intricate harmonic movement. The even way in which it flows can make it seem bland on the surface, and it demands focused listening (and performing), and an awareness of where the various lines are going, for its full intensity to register. This goes as much for his most familiar work, the Requiem, as for his highly distilled String Quartet.

Fauré continued to compose piano music and songs throughout his life. They are the mediums best matched to an idiom that depends more on the performer’s artistry than on instrumental colour; his equally impressive body of chamber music almost all uses a piano, apart from the String Quartet and two pieces for harp. Little interested in orchestration, he often assigned the task to others, although he was responsible for scoring four-fifths of his only opera Pénélope, a work of ravishing beauty and rather static dramaturgy.

Profile by Robert Maycock © BBC

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Gabriel Fauré, BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Grant Llewellyn
Pavane for orchestra (Op.50)
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Pavane for orchestra (Op.50) Pavane for orchestra (Op.50) Pavane for orchestra (Op.50) Pavane for orchestra (Op.50)
Gabriel Fauré, Kathryn Stott & Hermitage String Trio
Piano Quartet no. 1 (Op.15) in C minor, 2nd mvt; Scherzo
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Piano Quartet no. 1 (Op.15) in C minor, 2nd mvt; Scherzo Piano Quartet no. 1 (Op.15) in C minor, 2nd mvt; Scherzo Piano Quartet no. 1 (Op.15) in C minor, 2nd mvt; Scherzo Piano Quartet no. 1 (Op.15) in C minor, 2nd mvt; Scherzo
Matthew Halls, Gabriel Fauré, Christopher Hughes, Choir of New College Oxford, Capricorn & Edward Higginbottom
Cantique de Jean Racine for chorus and organ [1865] (Op.11)
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Cantique de Jean Racine for chorus and organ [1865] (Op.11) Cantique de Jean Racine for chorus and organ [1865] (Op.11) Cantique de Jean Racine for chorus and organ [1865] (Op.11) Cantique de Jean Racine for chorus and organ [1865] (Op.11)
Gabriel Fauré, 堤剛 & Emmanuel Strosser
Elegy for cello and piano (Op.24) [1883]
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Elegy for cello and piano (Op.24) [1883] Elegy for cello and piano (Op.24) [1883] Elegy for cello and piano (Op.24) [1883] Elegy for cello and piano (Op.24) [1883]
Julius Drake, Gabriel Fauré & Mark Padmore
4 Songs for voice and piano
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4 Songs for voice and piano 4 Songs for voice and piano 4 Songs for voice and piano 4 Songs for voice and piano
Julius Drake, Gabriel Fauré & Mark Padmore
La Bonne chanson Op.61
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La Bonne chanson Op.61 La Bonne chanson Op.61 La Bonne chanson Op.61 La Bonne chanson Op.61
Stephane Lemelin & Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne No.4 in E flat major (Op.36)
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Nocturne No.4 in E flat major (Op.36) Nocturne No.4 in E flat major (Op.36) Nocturne No.4 in E flat major (Op.36) Nocturne No.4 in E flat major (Op.36)
Gabriel Fauré, Emmanuel Pahud & Mariko Anraku
Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78)
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Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78) Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78) Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78) Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78)
Gabriel Fauré & Kathryn Stott
Mazurka in B flat, op.32
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Mazurka in B flat, op.32 Mazurka in B flat, op.32 Mazurka in B flat, op.32 Mazurka in B flat, op.32
Gabriel Fauré, Torleif Thedéen & Roland Pöntinen
Sonata no. 2 in G minor Op.117 for cello and piano
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Sonata no. 2 in G minor Op.117 for cello and piano Sonata no. 2 in G minor Op.117 for cello and piano Sonata no. 2 in G minor Op.117 for cello and piano Sonata no. 2 in G minor Op.117 for cello and piano
Gabriel Fauré
Clair de lune (2 Songs, Op.46)
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Clair de lune (2 Songs, Op.46) Clair de lune (2 Songs, Op.46) Clair de lune (2 Songs, Op.46) Clair de lune (2 Songs, Op.46)
Gabriel Fauré
Mandoline; En Sourdine (5 Mélodies, Op.58)
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Mandoline; En Sourdine (5 Mélodies, Op.58) Mandoline; En Sourdine (5 Mélodies, Op.58) Mandoline; En Sourdine (5 Mélodies, Op.58) Mandoline; En Sourdine (5 Mélodies, Op.58)
Faure, Ravel, Medtner, Strauss
Live in Concert : Olena Tokar from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama
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Live in Concert : Olena Tokar from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama Live in Concert : Olena Tokar from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama Live in Concert : Olena Tokar from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama Live in Concert : Olena Tokar from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama

Live in Concert : Olena Tokar from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama

Composer
Faure, Ravel, Medtner, Strauss
Gabriel Fauré, BBC National Chorus of Wales, BBC National Orchestra of Wales, National Youth Choir of Wales & Thierry Fischer
Cantique de Jean Racine
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Cantique de Jean Racine Cantique de Jean Racine Cantique de Jean Racine Cantique de Jean Racine
Gabriel Fauré, Simon Lepper & Nico Darmanin
4 Songs Op.39 - no 2 Fleur jetee,
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4 Songs Op.39 - no 2 Fleur jetee, 4 Songs Op.39 - no 2 Fleur jetee, 4 Songs Op.39 - no 2 Fleur jetee, 4 Songs Op.39 - no 2 Fleur jetee,
Paul Tortelier, Gabriel Fauré & Jean Hubeau
Elegie, Op. 24
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Elegie, Op. 24 Elegie, Op. 24 Elegie, Op. 24 Elegie, Op. 24
Gabriel Fauré, Sarah Walker & The Nash Ensemble
La bonne chanson - La lune blanche
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La bonne chanson - La lune blanche La bonne chanson - La lune blanche La bonne chanson - La lune blanche La bonne chanson - La lune blanche
Gabriel Fauré, Richard Davis, Peter Dixon, Kathryn Stott, Yan Pascal Tortelier, BBC Philharmonic & rabaud
Dolly Suite, Op. 65
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Dolly Suite, Op. 65 Dolly Suite, Op. 65 Dolly Suite, Op. 65 Dolly Suite, Op. 65
Gabriel Fauré, Michel Legrand, Barbara Bonney & Philharmonia Orchestra
Pie Jesu (Requiem)
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Pie Jesu (Requiem) Pie Jesu (Requiem) Pie Jesu (Requiem) Pie Jesu (Requiem)
Gabriel Fauré & Kathryn Stott
Valse-caprice No. 1 in A major
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Valse-caprice No. 1 in A major Valse-caprice No. 1 in A major Valse-caprice No. 1 in A major Valse-caprice No. 1 in A major
Stephane Lemelin & Gabriel Fauré
Nocturne for piano no.1 (Op.33 No.1) in E flat minor
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Nocturne for piano no.1 (Op.33 No.1) in E flat minor Nocturne for piano no.1 (Op.33 No.1) in E flat minor Nocturne for piano no.1 (Op.33 No.1) in E flat minor Nocturne for piano no.1 (Op.33 No.1) in E flat minor
Gabriel Fauré, Rotterdams Philharmonisch Orkest & David Zinman
Pelleas et Melisande - Sicilienne
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Pelleas et Melisande - Sicilienne Pelleas et Melisande - Sicilienne Pelleas et Melisande - Sicilienne Pelleas et Melisande - Sicilienne
The Sixteen, Gabriel Fauré, Academy of St Martin in the Fields & Harry Christophers
Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48), In Paradisum
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Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48), In Paradisum Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48), In Paradisum Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48), In Paradisum Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48), In Paradisum
Gabriel Fauré & Jean-Yves Thibaudet
Nocturne for piano no.6 (Op.63) in D flat major
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Nocturne for piano no.6 (Op.63) in D flat major Nocturne for piano no.6 (Op.63) in D flat major Nocturne for piano no.6 (Op.63) in D flat major Nocturne for piano no.6 (Op.63) in D flat major
Gabriel Fauré & Australian Piano Quartet
Piano Quartet No. 2 in G minor, 1st movt (Allegro molto moderato)
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Piano Quartet No. 2 in G minor, 1st movt (Allegro molto moderato) Piano Quartet No. 2 in G minor, 1st movt (Allegro molto moderato) Piano Quartet No. 2 in G minor, 1st movt (Allegro molto moderato) Piano Quartet No. 2 in G minor, 1st movt (Allegro molto moderato)

Piano Quartet No. 2 in G minor, 1st movt (Allegro molto moderato)

Ensemble
Australian Piano Quartet
Last played on
Gabriel Fauré, Montreal Symphony Chorus & Orchestre symphonique de Montréal
Pavane Op. 50
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Pavane Op. 50 Pavane Op. 50 Pavane Op. 50 Pavane Op. 50
Cécile Licad, Gabriel Fauré & Alban Gerhardt
Papillon, Op.77
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Papillon, Op.77 Papillon, Op.77 Papillon, Op.77 Papillon, Op.77
Sharon Bezaly, Gabriel Fauré & Roland Pöntinen
Fantaisie for flute and piano (Op.79)
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Fantaisie for flute and piano (Op.79) Fantaisie for flute and piano (Op.79) Fantaisie for flute and piano (Op.79) Fantaisie for flute and piano (Op.79)
Gabriel Fauré
Romance sans paroles No.3 in A flat major
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Romance sans paroles No.3 in A flat major Romance sans paroles No.3 in A flat major Romance sans paroles No.3 in A flat major Romance sans paroles No.3 in A flat major
Gabriel Fauré, Alban Gerhardt & Cécile Licad
Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78)
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Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78) Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78) Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78) Sicilienne for vc/fl/vn and pf/org (Op.78)
Gabriel Fauré, Nigel Short, London Symphony Orchestra Chamber Ensemble & Tenebrae
Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48): Agnus Dei
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Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48): Agnus Dei Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48): Agnus Dei Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48): Agnus Dei Requiem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra (Op.48): Agnus Dei
Gabriel Fauré, Nigel Short & LSO Chamber Ensemble
Requiem - In Paradisum
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Requiem - In Paradisum Requiem - In Paradisum Requiem - In Paradisum Requiem - In Paradisum
Gabriel Fauré, Charles Dutoit & Orchestre symphonique de Montréal
Pelleas et Melisande - suite Op.80
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Pelleas et Melisande - suite Op.80 Pelleas et Melisande - suite Op.80 Pelleas et Melisande - suite Op.80 Pelleas et Melisande - suite Op.80
Malcolm Martineau, Gabriel Fauré & Kate Royal
La Bonne chanson... (Op.61), no.7; Donc, ce sera par un clair jour d'ete
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La Bonne chanson... (Op.61), no.7; Donc, ce sera par un clair jour d'ete La Bonne chanson... (Op.61), no.7; Donc, ce sera par un clair jour d'ete La Bonne chanson... (Op.61), no.7; Donc, ce sera par un clair jour d'ete La Bonne chanson... (Op.61), no.7; Donc, ce sera par un clair jour d'ete
Gabriel Fauré & Stephen Hough
Impromptu no. 5 in F sharp minor, op. 102
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Impromptu no. 5 in F sharp minor, op. 102 Impromptu no. 5 in F sharp minor, op. 102 Impromptu no. 5 in F sharp minor, op. 102 Impromptu no. 5 in F sharp minor, op. 102
Cécile Licad, Gabriel Fauré, Alban Gerhardt & Pablo Casas
3 Songs (Op.7), no.1; Apres un reve
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3 Songs (Op.7), no.1; Apres un reve 3 Songs (Op.7), no.1; Apres un reve 3 Songs (Op.7), no.1; Apres un reve 3 Songs (Op.7), no.1; Apres un reve
Choir of King’s College, Cambridge & Gabriel Fauré
In Paradisum from Requiem op.48
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In Paradisum from Requiem op.48 In Paradisum from Requiem op.48 In Paradisum from Requiem op.48 In Paradisum from Requiem op.48
Joseph Middleton, Gabriel Fauré & Jonathan Lemalu
Vaisseaux, nous vous aurons aimes
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Vaisseaux, nous vous aurons aimes Vaisseaux, nous vous aurons aimes Vaisseaux, nous vous aurons aimes Vaisseaux, nous vous aurons aimes
Joseph Middleton, Gabriel Fauré & Jonathan Lemalu
Diane, Selene
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Diane, Selene Diane, Selene Diane, Selene Diane, Selene
Joseph Middleton, Gabriel Fauré & Jonathan Lemalu
Je me suis embarque
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Je me suis embarque Je me suis embarque Je me suis embarque Je me suis embarque
Joseph Middleton, Gabriel Fauré & Jonathan Lemalu
La mer est infinite
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La mer est infinite La mer est infinite La mer est infinite La mer est infinite
Gabriel Fauré, Isabelle Faust & Florent Boffard
Romance for violin and piano
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Romance for violin and piano Romance for violin and piano Romance for violin and piano Romance for violin and piano
Nicholas Rimmer, Gabriel Fauré & Ronan Collett
Reflets dans l'eau from Mirages (Op.113)
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Reflets dans l'eau from Mirages (Op.113) Reflets dans l'eau from Mirages (Op.113) Reflets dans l'eau from Mirages (Op.113) Reflets dans l'eau from Mirages (Op.113)
Gabriel Fauré, Isabelle Faust & Florent Boffard
Berceuse
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Berceuse Berceuse Berceuse Berceuse
Gabriel Fauré, Michael Petrov & Alexander Ullman
Apres un reve
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Apres un reve Apres un reve Apres un reve Apres un reve
Shauna Rolston, Uri Mayer, Gabriel Fauré & Edmonton Symphony Orchestra
Elegie (Op.24) arr. for cello and orchestra
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Elegie (Op.24) arr. for cello and orchestra Elegie (Op.24) arr. for cello and orchestra Elegie (Op.24) arr. for cello and orchestra Elegie (Op.24) arr. for cello and orchestra
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