Scorpions are a German rock band founded in 1965 in Hannover by Rudolf Schenker. They are one of the most famous and longest existing rock bands in the world. The group became synonymous with melodic heavy metal, including powerful rock ballads. The lineup from 1978–1992 was the most successful incarnation of the group, and included Rudolf Schenker (rhythm guitar), Klaus Meine (vocals), Matthias Jabs (lead guitar), Francis Buchholz (bass) and Herman Rarebell (drums).
In the early years of the band, with guitarist Uli Jon Roth part of the line-up, the music of the Scorpions was defined as hard rock. After the departure of Roth in 1978, Rudolf Schenker and Klaus Meine managed to take control of the group, which gave them almost all the power in composing music and writing lyrics. Matthias Jabs joined in 1978 and following the guidance of producer Dieter Dierks, the Scorpions changed their sound to a more melodic heavy metal, gradually mixed with lyrical powerful rock ballads. Over the next decade the group received positive reviews and critical acclaim from music critics and experienced considerable commercial success with albums Animal Magnetism (1980), Blackout (1982), Love at First Sting (1984), World Wide Live (1985) and Savage Amusement (1988).