Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe
Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn

Biography

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time. ...

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Joseph Haydn, Philip Langridge, CBSO / Sir Simon Rattle & David Thomas
Straight, opening her fertile womb - from The Creation
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Straight, opening her fertile womb - from The Creation Straight, opening her fertile womb - from The Creation Straight, opening her fertile womb - from The Creation Straight, opening her fertile womb - from The Creation
Joseph Haydn & John McCabe
Piano Sonata (Partita) in G major, Hob.XVI:6
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Piano Sonata (Partita) in G major, Hob.XVI:6 Piano Sonata (Partita) in G major, Hob.XVI:6 Piano Sonata (Partita) in G major, Hob.XVI:6 Piano Sonata (Partita) in G major, Hob.XVI:6
Genia Kühmeier, Werner Güra, Christian Gerhaher, Arnold Schönberg Chor, Concentus Musicus Wien, Joseph Haydn & Harnoncourt
“Die Sonne Steigt” Trio and Chorus from The Seasons
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“Die Sonne Steigt” Trio and Chorus from The Seasons “Die Sonne Steigt” Trio and Chorus from The Seasons “Die Sonne Steigt” Trio and Chorus from The Seasons “Die Sonne Steigt” Trio and Chorus from The Seasons
Joseph Haydn, Haydn Sinfonietta Wien & Manfred Huss
Acide : Sinfonia in D major
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Acide : Sinfonia in D major Acide : Sinfonia in D major Acide : Sinfonia in D major Acide : Sinfonia in D major
Joseph Haydn, Roger Vignoles & Sarah Walker
The Mermaid's Song
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The Mermaid's Song The Mermaid's Song The Mermaid's Song The Mermaid's Song
Joseph Haydn & Wihan Quartet
Quartet In G Major Op.54`1 For Strings
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Quartet In G Major Op.54`1 For Strings Quartet In G Major Op.54`1 For Strings Quartet In G Major Op.54`1 For Strings Quartet In G Major Op.54`1 For Strings
Joseph Haydn & Beaux Arts Trio
Piano Trio in F, Hob.XV No.17
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Piano Trio in F, Hob.XV No.17 Piano Trio in F, Hob.XV No.17 Piano Trio in F, Hob.XV No.17 Piano Trio in F, Hob.XV No.17
Haydn & The Angeles String Quartet
String Quartet in C, Op 64 No 1
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String Quartet in C, Op 64 No 1 String Quartet in C, Op 64 No 1 String Quartet in C, Op 64 No 1 String Quartet in C, Op 64 No 1
Joseph Haydn, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra & Sir Colin Davis
II. Andante (Symphony No.94 in G major 'Surprise')
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II. Andante (Symphony No.94 in G major 'Surprise') II. Andante (Symphony No.94 in G major 'Surprise') II. Andante (Symphony No.94 in G major 'Surprise') II. Andante (Symphony No.94 in G major 'Surprise')
Kungsbacka Trio & Joseph Haydn
Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.25) in G major "Gypsy rondo": 3rd movement
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Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.25) in G major "Gypsy rondo": 3rd movement Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.25) in G major "Gypsy rondo": 3rd movement Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.25) in G major "Gypsy rondo": 3rd movement Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.25) in G major "Gypsy rondo": 3rd movement
Wolfgang Schulz, Joseph Haydn, Jean-Pierre Rampal & Gilbert Audin
Divertimento for 2 fl and cello "London trio" no.1, 1st mvt; Allegro moderato
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Divertimento for 2 fl and cello "London trio" no.1, 1st mvt; Allegro moderato Divertimento for 2 fl and cello "London trio" no.1, 1st mvt; Allegro moderato Divertimento for 2 fl and cello "London trio" no.1, 1st mvt; Allegro moderato Divertimento for 2 fl and cello "London trio" no.1, 1st mvt; Allegro moderato
Joseph Haydn & Amadeus Quartet
Haydn String Quartet No.5 in D major, Op.64 ‘Lark’. 1st movement
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Haydn String Quartet No.5 in D major, Op.64 ‘Lark’. 1st movement Haydn String Quartet No.5 in D major, Op.64 ‘Lark’. 1st movement Haydn String Quartet No.5 in D major, Op.64 ‘Lark’. 1st movement Haydn String Quartet No.5 in D major, Op.64 ‘Lark’. 1st movement
Joseph Haydn & Sollazzo Ensemble
Quartet In F Minor, Op.20`5
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Quartet In F Minor, Op.20`5 Quartet In F Minor, Op.20`5 Quartet In F Minor, Op.20`5 Quartet In F Minor, Op.20`5
Joseph Haydn, Leif Ove Andsnes, Det Norske Kammerorkester & Leif Ove Andsnes
Piano Concerto No.3 in F major, Hob.XVIII:3
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Piano Concerto No.3 in F major, Hob.XVIII:3 Piano Concerto No.3 in F major, Hob.XVIII:3 Piano Concerto No.3 in F major, Hob.XVIII:3 Piano Concerto No.3 in F major, Hob.XVIII:3
Joseph Haydn & Leif Ove Andsnes
Piano Concerto in D major Hob XVIII:II - 3rd mvt; Allegro
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Piano Concerto in D major Hob XVIII:II - 3rd mvt; Allegro Piano Concerto in D major Hob XVIII:II - 3rd mvt; Allegro Piano Concerto in D major Hob XVIII:II - 3rd mvt; Allegro Piano Concerto in D major Hob XVIII:II - 3rd mvt; Allegro
Joseph Haydn & Leif Ove Andsnes
Piano Sonata No.24 in A major, Hob.XVI:26
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Piano Sonata No.24 in A major, Hob.XVI:26 Piano Sonata No.24 in A major, Hob.XVI:26 Piano Sonata No.24 in A major, Hob.XVI:26 Piano Sonata No.24 in A major, Hob.XVI:26
Joseph Haydn, Sinfonia classica der deutschen schule brüssel & Gernot Sussmuth
Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio
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Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio
Joseph Haydn & Leon McCawley
Sonata in E flat Hob.XVI/52 - 1st mvt
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Sonata in E flat Hob.XVI/52 - 1st mvt Sonata in E flat Hob.XVI/52 - 1st mvt Sonata in E flat Hob.XVI/52 - 1st mvt Sonata in E flat Hob.XVI/52 - 1st mvt
Joseph Haydn, BBC National Chorus of Wales, BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Thomas Sondergard
Te Deum in C major, Hob.XXIIIc:2
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Te Deum in C major, Hob.XXIIIc:2 Te Deum in C major, Hob.XXIIIc:2 Te Deum in C major, Hob.XXIIIc:2 Te Deum in C major, Hob.XXIIIc:2
Joseph Haydn & Hagen Quartett
4th movt from String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 [Hob.III.34]
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4th movt from String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 [Hob.III.34] 4th movt from String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 [Hob.III.34] 4th movt from String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 [Hob.III.34] 4th movt from String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 [Hob.III.34]
Joseph Haydn, BBC Philharmonic & John Storgårds
Symphony No.85 in B flat major "La reine"
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Symphony No.85 in B flat major "La reine" Symphony No.85 in B flat major "La reine" Symphony No.85 in B flat major "La reine" Symphony No.85 in B flat major "La reine"
Joseph Haydn, Colin Davis & Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra
Symphony no. 102 (H.1.102) in B flat major, [complete]
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Symphony no. 102 (H.1.102) in B flat major, [complete] Symphony no. 102 (H.1.102) in B flat major, [complete] Symphony no. 102 (H.1.102) in B flat major, [complete] Symphony no. 102 (H.1.102) in B flat major, [complete]
Joseph Haydn, The English Concert, Trevor Pinnock & Trevor Pinnock
Symphony No.39 in G minor "The Fist": Finale; Allegro di molto
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Symphony No.39 in G minor "The Fist": Finale; Allegro di molto Symphony No.39 in G minor "The Fist": Finale; Allegro di molto Symphony No.39 in G minor "The Fist": Finale; Allegro di molto Symphony No.39 in G minor "The Fist": Finale; Allegro di molto
Joseph Haydn, Ruben Gazarian & Felix Klieser and Württemberischers Kammerorchester Heilbronn
Horn Concerto No. 2 … 3rd Movt Allegro
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Horn Concerto No. 2 … 3rd Movt Allegro Horn Concerto No. 2 … 3rd Movt Allegro Horn Concerto No. 2 … 3rd Movt Allegro Horn Concerto No. 2 … 3rd Movt Allegro
Joseph Haydn & Lars Vogt
Sonata in C Hob XV1: 50
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Sonata in C Hob XV1: 50 Sonata in C Hob XV1: 50 Sonata in C Hob XV1: 50 Sonata in C Hob XV1: 50
Joseph Haydn, Colin Davis & Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Symphony no. 104 (H.1.104), 1st movement
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Symphony no. 104 (H.1.104), 1st movement Symphony no. 104 (H.1.104), 1st movement Symphony no. 104 (H.1.104), 1st movement Symphony no. 104 (H.1.104), 1st movement
Joseph Haydn, Zürcher Kammerorchester & Sir Roger Norrington
Symphony No. 86 In D Major H.1.86
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Symphony No. 86 In D Major H.1.86 Symphony No. 86 In D Major H.1.86 Symphony No. 86 In D Major H.1.86 Symphony No. 86 In D Major H.1.86
Joseph Haydn & Talichovo kvarteto
1st Sonata from The Seven Last Words of Christ
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1st Sonata from The Seven Last Words of Christ 1st Sonata from The Seven Last Words of Christ 1st Sonata from The Seven Last Words of Christ 1st Sonata from The Seven Last Words of Christ
Joseph Haydn, Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra & Nicholas McGegan
Symphony no.68 in B flat, Hob I:68; 1st mvt, Vivace
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Symphony no.68 in B flat, Hob I:68; 1st mvt, Vivace Symphony no.68 in B flat, Hob I:68; 1st mvt, Vivace Symphony no.68 in B flat, Hob I:68; 1st mvt, Vivace Symphony no.68 in B flat, Hob I:68; 1st mvt, Vivace
Joseph Haydn, Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
Piano Sonata No. 42 in G, Hob. XVI: 27
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Piano Sonata No. 42 in G, Hob. XVI: 27 Piano Sonata No. 42 in G, Hob. XVI: 27 Piano Sonata No. 42 in G, Hob. XVI: 27 Piano Sonata No. 42 in G, Hob. XVI: 27
Joseph Haydn, Zürcher Kammerorchester & Sir Roger Norrington
Symphony no.85 in B flat "The Queen of France": finale
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Symphony no.85 in B flat "The Queen of France": finale Symphony no.85 in B flat "The Queen of France": finale Symphony no.85 in B flat "The Queen of France": finale Symphony no.85 in B flat "The Queen of France": finale
Arturo Michelangeli, Joseph Haydn, Zürcher Kammerorchester & Edmond de Stoutz
Piano Concerto No.4 in G major, Hob.XVIII
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Piano Concerto No.4 in G major, Hob.XVIII Piano Concerto No.4 in G major, Hob.XVIII Piano Concerto No.4 in G major, Hob.XVIII Piano Concerto No.4 in G major, Hob.XVIII
Bratislava Chamber Harmony, Justus Pavlik & Joseph Haydn
2 Marches for wind band
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2 Marches for wind band 2 Marches for wind band 2 Marches for wind band 2 Marches for wind band
Joseph Haydn, Ruben Gazarian, Felix Klieser & Heilbronn Wurttemberg Chamber Orchestra
Concerto no. 1 in D major H.7d.3 for horn and orchestra
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Concerto no. 1 in D major H.7d.3 for horn and orchestra Concerto no. 1 in D major H.7d.3 for horn and orchestra Concerto no. 1 in D major H.7d.3 for horn and orchestra Concerto no. 1 in D major H.7d.3 for horn and orchestra
Yggdrasil String Quartet & Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major (Op. 64 No.5) 'The Lark'
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String Quartet in D major (Op. 64 No.5) 'The Lark' String Quartet in D major (Op. 64 No.5) 'The Lark' String Quartet in D major (Op. 64 No.5) 'The Lark' String Quartet in D major (Op. 64 No.5) 'The Lark'
Geert Bierling & Joseph Haydn
Sonata Partita No 10 in C major
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Sonata Partita No 10 in C major Sonata Partita No 10 in C major Sonata Partita No 10 in C major Sonata Partita No 10 in C major
Joseph Haydn, Stuttgarter Kammerorchester & Dennis Russell Davies
Symphony No.54 in G major
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Symphony No.54 in G major Symphony No.54 in G major Symphony No.54 in G major Symphony No.54 in G major
Joseph Haydn, Мстислав Ростропович, Мстислав Ростропович & Academy of St Martin in the Fields
Concerto no. 1 in C major H.7b.1 for cello and orchestra: 3rd mvt; Allegro molto
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Concerto no. 1 in C major H.7b.1 for cello and orchestra: 3rd mvt; Allegro molto Concerto no. 1 in C major H.7b.1 for cello and orchestra: 3rd mvt; Allegro molto Concerto no. 1 in C major H.7b.1 for cello and orchestra: 3rd mvt; Allegro molto Concerto no. 1 in C major H.7b.1 for cello and orchestra: 3rd mvt; Allegro molto
Netherlands Radio Choir, Pindar, Peter, Joseph Haydn, Netherlands Radio Chamber Orchestra & Antoni Ros-Marbà
Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
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Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8) Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8) Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8) Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
Joseph Haydn, Manfred Huss & Haydn Sinfonietta Wien
Die Feuerbrunst: Overture
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Die Feuerbrunst: Overture Die Feuerbrunst: Overture Die Feuerbrunst: Overture Die Feuerbrunst: Overture
Joseph Haydn, Hidemi Suzuki & Orchestra Libera Classica
Symphony no. 43 in E flat major H.1.43 (Mercury)
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Symphony no. 43 in E flat major H.1.43 (Mercury) Symphony no. 43 in E flat major H.1.43 (Mercury) Symphony no. 43 in E flat major H.1.43 (Mercury) Symphony no. 43 in E flat major H.1.43 (Mercury)
Joseph Haydn & ATOS Trio
Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.18) in A major
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Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.18) in A major Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.18) in A major Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.18) in A major Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.18) in A major
Joseph Haydn, Marianne Beate Kielland, Oslo-Filharmonien, Gabriel Suovanen, Oslo Filharmoniske Kor, Jonas Degerfeldt, Hilde Haraldsen Sveen & Manfred Honeck
Missa in tempore belli (Hob. XXII. 9) 'Paukenmesse'
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Missa in tempore belli (Hob. XXII. 9) 'Paukenmesse' Missa in tempore belli (Hob. XXII. 9) 'Paukenmesse' Missa in tempore belli (Hob. XXII. 9) 'Paukenmesse' Missa in tempore belli (Hob. XXII. 9) 'Paukenmesse'
Joseph Haydn, René Jacobs & Freiburger Barockorchester
Symphony No. 92 in G 'Oxford'
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Symphony No. 92 in G 'Oxford' Symphony No. 92 in G 'Oxford' Symphony No. 92 in G 'Oxford' Symphony No. 92 in G 'Oxford'
Joseph Haydn, Alison Balsom & Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
Concerto in E flat major H.7e.1 for trumpet and orchestra: 3rd movement; Finale
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Concerto in E flat major H.7e.1 for trumpet and orchestra: 3rd movement; Finale Concerto in E flat major H.7e.1 for trumpet and orchestra: 3rd movement; Finale Concerto in E flat major H.7e.1 for trumpet and orchestra: 3rd movement; Finale Concerto in E flat major H.7e.1 for trumpet and orchestra: 3rd movement; Finale
Joseph Haydn, Meta4
Quartet for strings (Op.55`1) in A major
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Quartet for strings (Op.55`1) in A major Quartet for strings (Op.55`1) in A major Quartet for strings (Op.55`1) in A major Quartet for strings (Op.55`1) in A major
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Biography

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

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