Joseph Haydn
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/976x549/p01bqkby.jpg
1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe
Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn

Biography

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time. ...

Show more

Show biography

Biography

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Clips (20)


Tracks

Sort by

Joseph Haydn, Wiener Philharmoniker & Leonard Bernstein
Symphony no.88 in G major - finale
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no.88 in G major - finale Symphony no.88 in G major - finale Symphony no.88 in G major - finale Symphony no.88 in G major - finale
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 86 (H.1.86) in D major, 4th movement; Finale
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no. 86 (H.1.86) in D major, 4th movement; Finale Symphony no. 86 (H.1.86) in D major, 4th movement; Finale Symphony no. 86 (H.1.86) in D major, 4th movement; Finale Symphony no. 86 (H.1.86) in D major, 4th movement; Finale
Joseph Haydn & Quatuor Mosaïques
Quartet in C minor (Op.17 No.4)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Quartet in C minor (Op.17 No.4) Quartet in C minor (Op.17 No.4) Quartet in C minor (Op.17 No.4) Quartet in C minor (Op.17 No.4)
Joseph Haydn & Jubilee Quartet
Quartet in B minor Op.33`1 for strings
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Quartet in B minor Op.33`1 for strings Quartet in B minor Op.33`1 for strings Quartet in B minor Op.33`1 for strings Quartet in B minor Op.33`1 for strings
Joseph Haydn & Griller Quartet
String Quartet in E flat, Op 71 No 3
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
String Quartet in E flat, Op 71 No 3 String Quartet in E flat, Op 71 No 3 String Quartet in E flat, Op 71 No 3 String Quartet in E flat, Op 71 No 3
Joseph Haydn & Niklas Sivelov
Sonata for Piano in G major (H.16.27) (1774-76)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Sonata for Piano in G major (H.16.27) (1774-76) Sonata for Piano in G major (H.16.27) (1774-76) Sonata for Piano in G major (H.16.27) (1774-76) Sonata for Piano in G major (H.16.27) (1774-76)
Joseph Haydn, Sir John Eliot Gardiner, Monteverdi Choir & English Baroque Soloists
The Creation [Die Schopfung] (H.21.2), Pt 1 no.13; Die Himmel erzahlen ...
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
The Creation [Die Schopfung] (H.21.2), Pt 1 no.13; Die Himmel erzahlen ... The Creation [Die Schopfung] (H.21.2), Pt 1 no.13; Die Himmel erzahlen ... The Creation [Die Schopfung] (H.21.2), Pt 1 no.13; Die Himmel erzahlen ... The Creation [Die Schopfung] (H.21.2), Pt 1 no.13; Die Himmel erzahlen ...
Joseph Haydn, Les Musiciens du Louvre-Grenobles & Marc Minkowski
Symphony no. 100 (H.1.100) in G major "Military", 4th movement; Finale. Presto
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no. 100 (H.1.100) in G major "Military", 4th movement; Finale. Presto Symphony no. 100 (H.1.100) in G major "Military", 4th movement; Finale. Presto Symphony no. 100 (H.1.100) in G major "Military", 4th movement; Finale. Presto Symphony no. 100 (H.1.100) in G major "Military", 4th movement; Finale. Presto

Symphony no. 100 (H.1.100) in G major "Military", 4th movement; Finale. Presto

Orchestra
Les Musiciens du Louvre-Grenobles
Last played on
Denis Kozhukhin & Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in D Hob XVI:24 - 1st mvt
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Piano Sonata in D Hob XVI:24 - 1st mvt Piano Sonata in D Hob XVI:24 - 1st mvt Piano Sonata in D Hob XVI:24 - 1st mvt Piano Sonata in D Hob XVI:24 - 1st mvt
Joseph Haydn, DR UnderholdningsOrkestret & Adam Fischer
Symphony No 39 in G minor
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony No 39 in G minor Symphony No 39 in G minor Symphony No 39 in G minor Symphony No 39 in G minor
Elias Quartet & Joseph Haydn
Quartet for strings (Op.76, No.1) in G major
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Quartet for strings (Op.76, No.1) in G major Quartet for strings (Op.76, No.1) in G major Quartet for strings (Op.76, No.1) in G major Quartet for strings (Op.76, No.1) in G major
Joseph Haydn, Mozzafiato & L'Archibudelli
Notturno no. 6 (H.2.30) in G major
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Notturno no. 6 (H.2.30) in G major Notturno no. 6 (H.2.30) in G major Notturno no. 6 (H.2.30) in G major Notturno no. 6 (H.2.30) in G major
Joseph Haydn, BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra & Stefan Solyom
Symphony No 68 in B flat
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony No 68 in B flat Symphony No 68 in B flat Symphony No 68 in B flat Symphony No 68 in B flat
Joseph Haydn, Alison Balsom, Vassily Sinaisky & BBC Philharmonic
Trumpet Concerto
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Trumpet Concerto Trumpet Concerto Trumpet Concerto Trumpet Concerto
Joseph Haydn & Hagen Quartett
String Quartet Op. 74 No. 3 in G minor
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
String Quartet Op. 74 No. 3 in G minor String Quartet Op. 74 No. 3 in G minor String Quartet Op. 74 No. 3 in G minor String Quartet Op. 74 No. 3 in G minor
Joseph Haydn, Alison Balsom, Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen & Thomas Klug
Concerto for trumpet and orchestra (H.7e.1) in E flat major, 3rd mvt; Finale
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Concerto for trumpet and orchestra (H.7e.1) in E flat major, 3rd mvt; Finale Concerto for trumpet and orchestra (H.7e.1) in E flat major, 3rd mvt; Finale Concerto for trumpet and orchestra (H.7e.1) in E flat major, 3rd mvt; Finale Concerto for trumpet and orchestra (H.7e.1) in E flat major, 3rd mvt; Finale
Joseph Haydn, Gianandrea Noseda & BBC Philharmonic
Symphony no. 103 (H.1.103) in E flat major "Drum Roll"
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no. 103 (H.1.103) in E flat major "Drum Roll" Symphony no. 103 (H.1.103) in E flat major "Drum Roll" Symphony no. 103 (H.1.103) in E flat major "Drum Roll" Symphony no. 103 (H.1.103) in E flat major "Drum Roll"
Tamar Halperin & Joseph Haydn
Allegro moderato, from Sonata in A flat major H.16.46 (Divertimento) for piano
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Allegro moderato, from Sonata in A flat major H.16.46 (Divertimento) for piano Allegro moderato, from Sonata in A flat major H.16.46 (Divertimento) for piano Allegro moderato, from Sonata in A flat major H.16.46 (Divertimento) for piano Allegro moderato, from Sonata in A flat major H.16.46 (Divertimento) for piano
Tamar Halperin, Joseph Haydn & Andreas Scholl
3 songs (Despair; Wanderer; Recollection)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
3 songs (Despair; Wanderer; Recollection) 3 songs (Despair; Wanderer; Recollection) 3 songs (Despair; Wanderer; Recollection) 3 songs (Despair; Wanderer; Recollection)
Joseph Haydn, Sinfonia classica der deutschen schule brüssel & Gernot Süßmuth
Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio Symphony No.22 in E flat, 'Philosopher': Adagio
Les Musiciens du Louvre-Grenobles, Joseph Haydn & Marc Minkowski
Symphony no. 101 (H.1.101) in D major "Clock"; 2nd movement; Andante
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no. 101 (H.1.101) in D major "Clock"; 2nd movement; Andante Symphony no. 101 (H.1.101) in D major "Clock"; 2nd movement; Andante Symphony no. 101 (H.1.101) in D major "Clock"; 2nd movement; Andante Symphony no. 101 (H.1.101) in D major "Clock"; 2nd movement; Andante

Symphony no. 101 (H.1.101) in D major "Clock"; 2nd movement; Andante

Orchestra
Les Musiciens du Louvre-Grenobles
Last played on
Tilev String Quartet, Gueorgui Tilev, Svetoslav Marinov, Ogunian Stantchev, Yontcho Bayrov & Joseph Haydn
Quartet for strings (Op.64`5) in D major "Lark"
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Quartet for strings (Op.64`5) in D major "Lark" Quartet for strings (Op.64`5) in D major "Lark" Quartet for strings (Op.64`5) in D major "Lark" Quartet for strings (Op.64`5) in D major "Lark"

Quartet for strings (Op.64`5) in D major "Lark"

Performer
Svetoslav Marinov
Ogunian Stantchev
Yontcho Bayrov
Gueorgui Tilev
Ensemble
Tilev String Quartet
Alexander Bonduriansky, Vladimir Ivanov, Joseph Haydn, Mikhail Utkin & Moscow Trio
Trio for keyboard and strings in F major (H.15.4)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Trio for keyboard and strings in F major (H.15.4) Trio for keyboard and strings in F major (H.15.4) Trio for keyboard and strings in F major (H.15.4) Trio for keyboard and strings in F major (H.15.4)
Leif Ove Andsnes, Joseph Haydn & Det Norske Kammerorkester
Concerto in D major H.18.11 for keyboard and orchestra - 1st mvt
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p02gj70m.jpg
link
Concerto in D major H.18.11 for keyboard and orchestra - 1st mvt Concerto in D major H.18.11 for keyboard and orchestra - 1st mvt Concerto in D major H.18.11 for keyboard and orchestra - 1st mvt Concerto in D major H.18.11 for keyboard and orchestra - 1st mvt
Kristian Bezuidenhout & Joseph Haydn
Sonata in G minor H.16.44 for piano
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p02316gt.jpg
link
Sonata in G minor H.16.44 for piano Sonata in G minor H.16.44 for piano Sonata in G minor H.16.44 for piano Sonata in G minor H.16.44 for piano
Petras Geniusas & Joseph Haydn
Sonata in G minor (H.16.44)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Sonata in G minor (H.16.44) Sonata in G minor (H.16.44) Sonata in G minor (H.16.44) Sonata in G minor (H.16.44)
Joseph Haydn, The BBC National Orchestra and Chorus of Wales & Stephen Layton
The Creation Parts II & III
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
The Creation Parts II & III The Creation Parts II & III The Creation Parts II & III The Creation Parts II & III
Joseph Haydn, The BBC National Orchestra and Chorus of Wales & Stephen Layton
The Creation Part I
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
The Creation Part I The Creation Part I The Creation Part I The Creation Part I
Joseph Haydn, Arcangelo Corelli & Jonathan Cohler
Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, Hob I:105 (Allegro)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, Hob I:105 (Allegro) Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, Hob I:105 (Allegro) Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, Hob I:105 (Allegro) Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, Hob I:105 (Allegro)
Joseph Haydn & Artesian Quartet
String Quartet in A major, Op 20 No 6 (Allegro di Molto e Scherzando)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
String Quartet in A major, Op 20 No 6 (Allegro di Molto e Scherzando) String Quartet in A major, Op 20 No 6 (Allegro di Molto e Scherzando) String Quartet in A major, Op 20 No 6 (Allegro di Molto e Scherzando) String Quartet in A major, Op 20 No 6 (Allegro di Molto e Scherzando)

String Quartet in A major, Op 20 No 6 (Allegro di Molto e Scherzando)

Ensemble
Artesian Quartet
Last played on
Joseph Haydn, Il giardino armonico & Giovanni Antonini
Symphony no. 8 in G major H.1.8 (Le Soir)
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no. 8 in G major H.1.8 (Le Soir) Symphony no. 8 in G major H.1.8 (Le Soir) Symphony no. 8 in G major H.1.8 (Le Soir) Symphony no. 8 in G major H.1.8 (Le Soir)
Joseph Haydn, Il giardino armonico & Giovanni Antonini
Overture to L'Isola disabitate
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Overture to L'Isola disabitate Overture to L'Isola disabitate Overture to L'Isola disabitate Overture to L'Isola disabitate
Perry, Harold, Joseph Haydn & Galliard Brass Ensemble
Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet
Joseph Haydn & Britten Sinfonia
Symphony No 49, La Passione
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony No 49, La Passione Symphony No 49, La Passione Symphony No 49, La Passione Symphony No 49, La Passione
Joseph Haydn & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
Keyboard Sonata in E flat No.40
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Keyboard Sonata in E flat No.40 Keyboard Sonata in E flat No.40 Keyboard Sonata in E flat No.40 Keyboard Sonata in E flat No.40
Kungsbacka Trio & Joseph Haydn
Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.29) in E flat major
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.29) in E flat major Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.29) in E flat major Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.29) in E flat major Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.29) in E flat major
Joseph Haydn & Artesian String Quartet
String Quartet no 6 in A major op 20: 1st mvt
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
String Quartet no 6 in A major op 20: 1st mvt String Quartet no 6 in A major op 20: 1st mvt String Quartet no 6 in A major op 20: 1st mvt String Quartet no 6 in A major op 20: 1st mvt

String Quartet no 6 in A major op 20: 1st mvt

Ensemble
Artesian String Quartet
Last played on
Joseph Haydn, Concentus Musicus Wien & Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Symphony No. 86 in D major, 4th movement, Finale
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony No. 86 in D major, 4th movement, Finale Symphony No. 86 in D major, 4th movement, Finale Symphony No. 86 in D major, 4th movement, Finale Symphony No. 86 in D major, 4th movement, Finale
English Baroque Soloists, Joseph Haydn, Sir John Eliot Gardiner & Monteverdi Choir
Te Deum, Hob XXIIIc:2
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p02gkxgq.jpg
link
Te Deum, Hob XXIIIc:2 Te Deum, Hob XXIIIc:2 Te Deum, Hob XXIIIc:2 Te Deum, Hob XXIIIc:2
Academic Wind Quintet, Perry, Harold, Joseph Haydn & Ignace Joseph Pleyel
Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet

Divertimento (Feldpartita) (H.2.46) in B flat major arr. for wind quintet

Ensemble
Academic Wind Quintet
Music Arranger
Joseph Haydn, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe & Claudio Abbado
Symphony no. 96 (H.1.96) in D major "Miracle", 1st movement; Adagio - allegro
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no. 96 (H.1.96) in D major "Miracle", 1st movement; Adagio - allegro Symphony no. 96 (H.1.96) in D major "Miracle", 1st movement; Adagio - allegro Symphony no. 96 (H.1.96) in D major "Miracle", 1st movement; Adagio - allegro Symphony no. 96 (H.1.96) in D major "Miracle", 1st movement; Adagio - allegro
Zürcher Kammerorchester, Sir Roger Norrington & Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 83 in G minor H.1.83 (The Hen) – 4th mvt
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqkby.jpg
link
Symphony no. 83 in G minor H.1.83 (The Hen) – 4th mvt Symphony no. 83 in G minor H.1.83 (The Hen) – 4th mvt Symphony no. 83 in G minor H.1.83 (The Hen) – 4th mvt Symphony no. 83 in G minor H.1.83 (The Hen) – 4th mvt
Add music you love and enjoy it

Added. Check out your playlist Dismiss