Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe
Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

(Franz) Joseph Haydn (31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was a prolific Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

Joseph Haydn, a friend and mentor of Mozart, and teacher of Beethoven, was the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Audio & Video


Joseph Haydn Performances

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Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto in Eb (3rd movement)
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Trumpet Concerto in Eb (3rd movement)
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto in C major, (H.VIIb.1) 1st mvt
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Cello Concerto in C major, (H.VIIb.1) 1st mvt
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 99 (H.1.99) in E flat major
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Symphony no. 99 (H.1.99) in E flat major
Joseph Haydn
String quartet in in G major Op.77 no.1
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String quartet in in G major Op.77 no.1
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in Eb, Hob. XV:10
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Piano Trio in Eb, Hob. XV:10
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 94 in G (Surprise)
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Symphony no. 94 in G (Surprise)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in D major, Hob.XVI:51
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Piano Sonata in D major, Hob.XVI:51
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in G major, H.15.25 (2nd mvt: Poco adagio)
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Piano Trio in G major, H.15.25 (2nd mvt: Poco adagio)
Joseph Haydn
Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.27) in C major, 3rd movement; Finale(Presto)
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Trio for keyboard and strings (H.15.27) in C major, 3rd movement; Finale(Presto)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 82 in C major H.1.82 (The Bear): 4th movement; Finale
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Symphony no. 82 in C major H.1.82 (The Bear): 4th movement; Finale
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto - iii. Rondo
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Trumpet Concerto - iii. Rondo
Joseph Haydn
Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, H.I.105 - 1st movment, Allegro
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Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, H.I.105 - 1st movment, Allegro
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 59 (H.1.59) in A major "Fire", 1st movement; Presto
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Symphony no. 59 (H.1.59) in A major "Fire", 1st movement; Presto
Joseph Haydn
Trio No. 29 in G major - 1st mvt
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Trio No. 29 in G major - 1st mvt
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 102 (H.1.102) in B flat major, 4th movement; Finale
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Symphony no. 102 (H.1.102) in B flat major, 4th movement; Finale
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.4 (H.1.4) in D major
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Symphony no.4 (H.1.4) in D major
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, Hob.XVI:38
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Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, Hob.XVI:38
Joseph Haydn
Baryton Trio in D Hob. XI:97 - Polonaise
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Baryton Trio in D Hob. XI:97 - Polonaise
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