Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

(Franz) Joseph Haydn (31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was a prolific Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a teacher of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

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Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto in E flat
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Trumpet Concerto in E flat
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 26 in D minor H.1.26 (Lamentatione)
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Symphony no. 26 in D minor H.1.26 (Lamentatione)
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in B flat major H.16.41 for keyboard
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Sonata in B flat major H.16.41 for keyboard
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 8 in G Major, Hob. I:8 "Le soir": IV. La tempesta: Presto
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Symphony No. 8 in G Major, Hob. I:8 "Le soir": IV. La tempesta: Presto
Joseph Haydn
Capriccio in G 'Acht Sauschneider mussen sein', Hob XVII:1
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Capriccio in G 'Acht Sauschneider mussen sein', Hob XVII:1
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.8 'Le Soir'
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Symphony No.8 'Le Soir'
Joseph Haydn
Variations in C major, H XVII 5
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Variations in C major, H XVII 5
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op 55 No 1 in A major
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String Quartet Op 55 No 1 in A major
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento a 8 in F, Hob II:16: Feld-Parthie. V: Presto
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Divertimento a 8 in F, Hob II:16: Feld-Parthie. V: Presto
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No 40 in E flat major, H XVI 25
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Piano Sonata No 40 in E flat major, H XVI 25
Joseph Haydn
Trio in E flat major Hob. HX:36 (1st mvt)
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Trio in E flat major Hob. HX:36 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D Minor Op 76 No 2 (Fifths)
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String Quartet in D Minor Op 76 No 2 (Fifths)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 103 in E flat major, 'Drum Roll' (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 103 in E flat major, 'Drum Roll' (2nd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E flat, Hob.XV:30 (Poco allegretto)
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Piano Trio in E flat, Hob.XV:30 (Poco allegretto)
Joseph Haydn
The Seasons (Autumn and Winter)
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The Seasons (Autumn and Winter)
Joseph Haydn
The Seasons (Spring and Summer)
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The Seasons (Spring and Summer)
Joseph Haydn
Overture (Sinfonia) (L'Isola disabitata, Hob.28:9)
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Overture (Sinfonia) (L'Isola disabitata, Hob.28:9)
Joseph Haydn
Trio in E flat major H.15.30 for keyboard and strings
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Trio in E flat major H.15.30 for keyboard and strings
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.64 in A major "Tempora mutantur"
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Symphony No.64 in A major "Tempora mutantur"
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 76 No 5 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 76 No 5 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E major (H.15.28)
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Piano Trio in E major (H.15.28)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 8 in G minor 'Le Soir' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 8 in G minor 'Le Soir' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op 76 No 1 (1st mvt)
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String Quartet Op 76 No 1 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, Hob.XVI/38
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Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, Hob.XVI/38
Joseph Haydn
Trio for kbd and str (H.15.25) in G maj "Gypsy rondo"
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Trio for kbd and str (H.15.25) in G maj "Gypsy rondo"
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.22 (H.1.22) in E flat major "The Philosopher"
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Symphony No.22 (H.1.22) in E flat major "The Philosopher"
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No 54 in G major, H XVI 40
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Piano Sonata No 54 in G major, H XVI 40
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in C major (H.16:50) (1st mvt)
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Piano Sonata in C major (H.16:50) (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Quartet In C Major Op.54'2 For Strings, ii. Adagio & iii. Menuetto
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Quartet In C Major Op.54'2 For Strings, ii. Adagio & iii. Menuetto
Joseph Haydn
Sonata for piano (H.16.29) in F major
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Sonata for piano (H.16.29) in F major
Joseph Haydn
Quartet for Strings Op.55
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Quartet for Strings Op.55
Joseph Haydn
Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
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Der Sturm (The Storm) - madrigal for chorus and orchestra (H.24a.8)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in E minor, Hob.XV1:34
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Piano Sonata in E minor, Hob.XV1:34
Joseph Haydn
Serenade, Op. 15: No. 7
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Serenade, Op. 15: No. 7
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