Claude Debussy
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1862-08-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/be50643c-0377-4968-b48c-47e06b2e2a3b
Claude Debussy Claude Debussy Claude Debussy Claude Debussy

Biography

Charting Debussy’s education tells us little about his roots. His rebellion against his teacher’s admonishment of his delight in a series of ‘forbidden’ harmonies resulted in his conclusion that ‘mon plaisir’ was the only rule: individuality and hedonism were all ...

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Biography

Charting Debussy’s education tells us little about his roots. His rebellion against his teacher’s admonishment of his delight in a series of ‘forbidden’ harmonies resulted in his conclusion that ‘mon plaisir’ was the only rule: individuality and hedonism were all that mattered. His real teachers were close friends, lovers (sometimes), literature of many sorts and, perhaps, painting.

In his youth he was introduced to contemporary French poetry – particularly that of Banville, Verlaine and Mallarmé – through a relationship with an older woman. From song-writing he moved on to cantatas such as La damoiselle élue, a setting of a poem by the English Pre-Raphaelite poet-painter Rossetti. Debussy’s one outstanding operatic venture, Pelléas et Mélisande, occupied him for much of the 1890s, but in this decade he also deepened his ability to parallel the work of contemporary poets, both in songs and in the purely orchestral Prélude à L’après-midi d’un faune.

Another side of his output has often been compared to Impressionist painting. But the painter whose work is closer to Debussy’s ideas was James McNeill Whistler, whose series of works entitled Nocturnes may be connected to the composer’s orchestral triptych of 1897–9.

Never complacent and always seeking new challenges in every aspect of composition, in the new century he would turn to the evocation of entirely different places. Most celebrated is his only piece that resembles a symphony: La mer. It captures not only the sounds and rhythms of the sea, but also the changing weather and time of day. Further exploits – including the orchestral Images – would take Debussy to Spain.

Alongside these masterpieces of orchestral evocation, Debussy also developed a highly personal piano style. Perhaps the first piece to show a marked difference from his earlier piano music was the first piece from the two books of Images for piano, ‘Reflets dans l’eau’. Its rippling arpeggios, bathed in pedal, pioneered a new Impressionist piano style.

In the two books of Préludes for piano Debussy showed the infinite variety of his imagination. Enigmatically printed with the titles at the end rather than at the beginning, almost all the pieces have some kind of extramusical association: perhaps with a place, or a literary idea. The sequel to the Préludes was a set of pieces with no associations other than to themselves: a set of 12 piano Études.

Among the composer’s last works, the ballet Jeux is regarded as a highlight, and of the six planned late sonatas only three were written. Of the three unwritten sonatas, that for the extraordinary combination of oboe, horn and harpsichord must rank among the most lamented of planned works never to have reached fruition.

Profile © Richard Langham Smith

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Claude Debussy & Noriko Ogawa
Piece pour le vetement du blesse for piano
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Piece pour le vetement du blesse for piano Piece pour le vetement du blesse for piano Piece pour le vetement du blesse for piano Piece pour le vetement du blesse for piano
Claude Debussy & Jean-Yves Thibaudet
D'un cahier d'esquisses for piano
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D'un cahier d'esquisses for piano D'un cahier d'esquisses for piano D'un cahier d'esquisses for piano D'un cahier d'esquisses for piano
Jean-Yves Thibaudet & Claude Debussy
Reverie for piano
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Reverie for piano Reverie for piano Reverie for piano Reverie for piano
Simon Trpchesk & Claude Debussy
Children's corner for piano, Dr Gradus ad Parnassum
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Children's corner for piano, Dr Gradus ad Parnassum Children's corner for piano, Dr Gradus ad Parnassum Children's corner for piano, Dr Gradus ad Parnassum Children's corner for piano, Dr Gradus ad Parnassum
Claude Debussy, François-Frédéric Guy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
Jeux - Poeme Danse
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Jeux - Poeme Danse Jeux - Poeme Danse Jeux - Poeme Danse Jeux - Poeme Danse
Claude Debussy, Les Siècles & François-Xavier Roth
Le matin d'un jour de fete [Iberia - 2nd Movement Of "Images"]
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Le matin d'un jour de fete [Iberia - 2nd Movement Of "Images"] Le matin d'un jour de fete [Iberia - 2nd Movement Of "Images"] Le matin d'un jour de fete [Iberia - 2nd Movement Of "Images"] Le matin d'un jour de fete [Iberia - 2nd Movement Of "Images"]
Lars David Nilsson, Claude Debussy, Paula Hoffman & Pierre Louÿs
Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice & piano (1897)
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Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice & piano (1897) Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice & piano (1897) Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice & piano (1897) Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice & piano (1897)

Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice & piano (1897)

Performer
Lars David Nilsson
Singer
Paula Hoffman
Janine Jansen, Claude Debussy & David Kuijken
Sonata for violin and piano in G minor
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Sonata for violin and piano in G minor Sonata for violin and piano in G minor Sonata for violin and piano in G minor Sonata for violin and piano in G minor
Claude Debussy, Philharmonia Orchestra & Esa-Pekka Salonen
La damoiselle élue
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La damoiselle élue La damoiselle élue La damoiselle élue La damoiselle élue
Claude Debussy, Erna Spoorenberg, Ernest Ansermet, Swiss Romande Orchestra & Camille Maurane
Pelleas and Melisande - Act 4 (conclusion)
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Pelleas and Melisande - Act 4 (conclusion) Pelleas and Melisande - Act 4 (conclusion) Pelleas and Melisande - Act 4 (conclusion) Pelleas and Melisande - Act 4 (conclusion)
Claude Debussy, Wiener Philharmoniker, François Le Roux, Claudio Abbado & José van Dam
Pelleas and Melisande - Act 3 (excerpt)
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Pelleas and Melisande - Act 3 (excerpt) Pelleas and Melisande - Act 3 (excerpt) Pelleas and Melisande - Act 3 (excerpt) Pelleas and Melisande - Act 3 (excerpt)
Pascal Rogé, Claude Debussy
Images - set 1 for piano, no.1; Reflets dans l'eau
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Images - set 1 for piano, no.1; Reflets dans l'eau Images - set 1 for piano, no.1; Reflets dans l'eau Images - set 1 for piano, no.1; Reflets dans l'eau Images - set 1 for piano, no.1; Reflets dans l'eau
Lestari Scholtes, Gwylim Janssens & Claude Debussy
En blanc et noir for 2 pianos
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En blanc et noir for 2 pianos En blanc et noir for 2 pianos En blanc et noir for 2 pianos En blanc et noir for 2 pianos
Claude Debussy, Pierre Boulez & The Cleveland Orchestra
Images pour orchestre
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Images pour orchestre Images pour orchestre Images pour orchestre Images pour orchestre
Claude Debussy & James Ehnes (violin) and Andrew Armstrong (piano)
Violin Sonata in G Minor
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Violin Sonata in G Minor Violin Sonata in G Minor Violin Sonata in G Minor Violin Sonata in G Minor
Claude Debussy & Lux Quintet
La Fille aux Cheveux de Lin
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La Fille aux Cheveux de Lin La Fille aux Cheveux de Lin La Fille aux Cheveux de Lin La Fille aux Cheveux de Lin
Elizabeth Watts, Gary Matthewman & Claude Debussy
Ariettes oubliees - song cycle for voice and piano
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Ariettes oubliees - song cycle for voice and piano Ariettes oubliees - song cycle for voice and piano Ariettes oubliees - song cycle for voice and piano Ariettes oubliees - song cycle for voice and piano

Ariettes oubliees - song cycle for voice and piano

Performer
Gary Matthewman
Singer
Elizabeth Watts
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
12 Studies For Piano, no. 5; Pour les octaves
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12 Studies For Piano, no. 5; Pour les octaves 12 Studies For Piano, no. 5; Pour les octaves 12 Studies For Piano, no. 5; Pour les octaves 12 Studies For Piano, no. 5; Pour les octaves
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
12 Studies For Piano, no. 1; Pour les cinq doigts
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12 Studies For Piano, no. 1; Pour les cinq doigts 12 Studies For Piano, no. 1; Pour les cinq doigts 12 Studies For Piano, no. 1; Pour les cinq doigts 12 Studies For Piano, no. 1; Pour les cinq doigts
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet (piano)
Etudes
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Etudes Etudes Etudes Etudes
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
Nocturne for piano in D flat major [1892]
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Nocturne for piano in D flat major [1892] Nocturne for piano in D flat major [1892] Nocturne for piano in D flat major [1892] Nocturne for piano in D flat major [1892]
Lavinia Meijer & Claude Debussy
Clair de lune
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Clair de lune Clair de lune Clair de lune Clair de lune
Claude Debussy & Inon Barnatan
Suite bergamasque for piano: Passepied
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Suite bergamasque for piano: Passepied Suite bergamasque for piano: Passepied Suite bergamasque for piano: Passepied Suite bergamasque for piano: Passepied
Claude Debussy & Walter Gieseking
Clair de Lune
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Clair de Lune Clair de Lune Clair de Lune Clair de Lune
Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Claude Debussy, Kari Kriikku & Jukka-Pekka Saraste
Premiere rapsodie arr. for clarinet and orchestra (orig. clarinet and piano)
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Premiere rapsodie arr. for clarinet and orchestra (orig. clarinet and piano) Premiere rapsodie arr. for clarinet and orchestra (orig. clarinet and piano) Premiere rapsodie arr. for clarinet and orchestra (orig. clarinet and piano) Premiere rapsodie arr. for clarinet and orchestra (orig. clarinet and piano)
Claude Debussy & Даниил Трифонов
Images - set 1 for piano
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Images - set 1 for piano Images - set 1 for piano Images - set 1 for piano Images - set 1 for piano
Claude Debussy & Roger Woodward
L'isle joyeuse
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L'isle joyeuse L'isle joyeuse L'isle joyeuse L'isle joyeuse
Pascal Rogé & Claude Debussy
Images - set 2 for piano, no.3; Poissons d'or
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Images - set 2 for piano, no.3; Poissons d'or Images - set 2 for piano, no.3; Poissons d'or Images - set 2 for piano, no.3; Poissons d'or Images - set 2 for piano, no.3; Poissons d'or
Charles Owen & Claude Debussy
Preludes, Book 1
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Preludes, Book 1 Preludes, Book 1 Preludes, Book 1 Preludes, Book 1
Wolfram Christ, Claude Debussy, Margit-Anna Süß, Wolfgang Schulz & Ensemble Wien-Berlin
Sonate en trio for flute, viola and harp
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Sonate en trio for flute, viola and harp Sonate en trio for flute, viola and harp Sonate en trio for flute, viola and harp Sonate en trio for flute, viola and harp
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major;
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2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major; 2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major; 2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major; 2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major;
Sir Neville Marriner, Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Erik Satie & Claude Debussy
Gymnopédie No. 1
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Gymnopédie No. 1 Gymnopédie No. 1 Gymnopédie No. 1 Gymnopédie No. 1
Jane Coop & Claude Debussy
Clair de lune (No.3 from Suite bergamesque for piano)
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Clair de lune (No.3 from Suite bergamesque for piano) Clair de lune (No.3 from Suite bergamesque for piano) Clair de lune (No.3 from Suite bergamesque for piano) Clair de lune (No.3 from Suite bergamesque for piano)
Claude Debussy, Orchestre National de Lyon & Jun Märkl
Preludes Book I - Minstrels
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Preludes Book I - Minstrels Preludes Book I - Minstrels Preludes Book I - Minstrels Preludes Book I - Minstrels
Claude Debussy & Brodsky Quartet
Reverie arr. Paul Cassidy for string quartet [orig. for piano]
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Reverie arr. Paul Cassidy for string quartet [orig. for piano] Reverie arr. Paul Cassidy for string quartet [orig. for piano] Reverie arr. Paul Cassidy for string quartet [orig. for piano] Reverie arr. Paul Cassidy for string quartet [orig. for piano]
Claude Debussy & Pascal Rogé
Clair de Lune
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Clair de Lune Clair de Lune Clair de Lune Clair de Lune
Claude Debussy, Henrik Brendstrup & Tor Espen Aspaas
Sonata in D minor for cello and piano
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Sonata in D minor for cello and piano Sonata in D minor for cello and piano Sonata in D minor for cello and piano Sonata in D minor for cello and piano
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
Suite Bergamasque
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Suite Bergamasque Suite Bergamasque Suite Bergamasque Suite Bergamasque
Claude Debussy, Junge Deutsche Philharmonie & Andrey Boreyko
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune
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Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune
Claude Debussy, Gérard Poulet & Noel Lee
Sonata in G minor for violin and piano
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Sonata in G minor for violin and piano Sonata in G minor for violin and piano Sonata in G minor for violin and piano Sonata in G minor for violin and piano
Claude Debussy & Judith Hall, flute Elinor Bennett, harp
Images and Impressions (Arabesque No.1)
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Images and Impressions (Arabesque No.1) Images and Impressions (Arabesque No.1) Images and Impressions (Arabesque No.1) Images and Impressions (Arabesque No.1)

Images and Impressions (Arabesque No.1)

Performer
Judith Hall, flute Elinor Bennett, harp
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