Claude Debussy
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1862-08-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/be50643c-0377-4968-b48c-47e06b2e2a3b
Claude Debussy Claude Debussy Claude Debussy Claude Debussy

Biography

Charting Debussy’s education tells us little about his roots. His rebellion against his teacher’s admonishment of his delight in a series of ‘forbidden’ harmonies resulted in his conclusion that ‘mon plaisir’ was the only rule: individuality and hedonism were all ...

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Claude Debussy & Emmanuel Vass
Reflets dans l'eau
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Reflets dans l'eau Reflets dans l'eau Reflets dans l'eau Reflets dans l'eau
Claude Debussy & Zoltán Kocsis
Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) for piano
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Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) for piano Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) for piano Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) for piano Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) for piano
Claude Debussy, Katia Labèque & Marielle Labèque
En blanc et noir for 2 pianos
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En blanc et noir for 2 pianos En blanc et noir for 2 pianos En blanc et noir for 2 pianos En blanc et noir for 2 pianos
Claude Debussy & Jean-Yves Thibaudet
Suite bergamasque for piano, Clair de lune
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Suite bergamasque for piano, Clair de lune Suite bergamasque for piano, Clair de lune Suite bergamasque for piano, Clair de lune Suite bergamasque for piano, Clair de lune
Claude Debussy, Nicholas Braithwaite & London Philharmonic Orchestra
La Cathedrale engloutie orch. Sir Henry Wood [orig.piano]
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La Cathedrale engloutie orch. Sir Henry Wood [orig.piano] La Cathedrale engloutie orch. Sir Henry Wood [orig.piano] La Cathedrale engloutie orch. Sir Henry Wood [orig.piano] La Cathedrale engloutie orch. Sir Henry Wood [orig.piano]
Claude Debussy, Brodsky Quartet & Paul Cassidy
Reverie for String Quartet
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Reverie for String Quartet Reverie for String Quartet Reverie for String Quartet Reverie for String Quartet
Claude Debussy & Maurizio Pollini
Preludes - book 1, no.12; Minstrels
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Preludes - book 1, no.12; Minstrels Preludes - book 1, no.12; Minstrels Preludes - book 1, no.12; Minstrels Preludes - book 1, no.12; Minstrels
Claude Debussy, Paul Tortelier & Jean Hubeau
Sonata for cello and piano
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Sonata for cello and piano Sonata for cello and piano Sonata for cello and piano Sonata for cello and piano
Claude Debussy, Eva Maros, [unknown] & [unknown]
Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings
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Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings
Claude Debussy, Pierre Monteux & London Symphony Orchestra
Martyrdom of St. Sebastian - symphonic fragments
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Martyrdom of St. Sebastian - symphonic fragments Martyrdom of St. Sebastian - symphonic fragments Martyrdom of St. Sebastian - symphonic fragments Martyrdom of St. Sebastian - symphonic fragments
Claude Debussy & Janine Jansen (vln), Itamar Golan (piano)
Violin Sonata, Allegro Vivo
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Violin Sonata, Allegro Vivo Violin Sonata, Allegro Vivo Violin Sonata, Allegro Vivo Violin Sonata, Allegro Vivo
Claude Debussy, The Cleveland Orchestra & Louis Lane
Petite Suite: En Bateau
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Petite Suite: En Bateau Petite Suite: En Bateau Petite Suite: En Bateau Petite Suite: En Bateau
Claude Debussy, Philippe Graffin & Claire Désert
Minstrels [Preludes, bk.1] arr. for violin and piano
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Minstrels [Preludes, bk.1] arr. for violin and piano Minstrels [Preludes, bk.1] arr. for violin and piano Minstrels [Preludes, bk.1] arr. for violin and piano Minstrels [Preludes, bk.1] arr. for violin and piano
Claude Debussy & Angela Hewitt
Pour le piano, no.3; Toccata
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Pour le piano, no.3; Toccata Pour le piano, no.3; Toccata Pour le piano, no.3; Toccata Pour le piano, no.3; Toccata
Emmanuel Ceysson, Claude Debussy, Orchestre de chambre de Paris & Thomas Zehetmair
Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings
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Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings Danse sacree et danse profane for harp and strings
Claude Debussy, NRCU Symphony Orchestra, Vyacheslav Blinov, NRCU National Chorus & Lesya Shavlovska
Trois Nocturnes
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Trois Nocturnes Trois Nocturnes Trois Nocturnes Trois Nocturnes

Trois Nocturnes

Orchestra
NRCU Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Vyacheslav Blinov
Choir
NRCU National Chorus
Director
Lesya Shavlovska
Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra & Kazuhiro Koizumi
Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) orch. Ravel
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Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) orch. Ravel Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) orch. Ravel Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) orch. Ravel Tarantelle styrienne (Danse) orch. Ravel
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet (piano)
Suite bergamasque
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Suite bergamasque Suite bergamasque Suite bergamasque Suite bergamasque
Claude Debussy & Angela Hewitt
Children's corner for piano, no.1; Dr Gradus ad Parnassum
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Children's corner for piano, no.1; Dr Gradus ad Parnassum Children's corner for piano, no.1; Dr Gradus ad Parnassum Children's corner for piano, no.1; Dr Gradus ad Parnassum Children's corner for piano, no.1; Dr Gradus ad Parnassum
Claude Debussy, Jean Martinon & Orchestre National de l'ORTF
Marche Ecossaise
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Marche Ecossaise Marche Ecossaise Marche Ecossaise Marche Ecossaise
Gerard van Herk, Claude Debussy & Jard van Nes
Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice and piano
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Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice and piano Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice and piano Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice and piano Chansons de Bilitis - 3 melodies for voice and piano
Claude Debussy, Detroit Symphony Orchestra & Henri Büsser
Petite Suite
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Petite Suite Petite Suite Petite Suite Petite Suite
Claude Debussy, Bergen filharmoniske orkester & Jun Märkl
Iberia: Images for Orchestra, No. 2 (1909)
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Iberia: Images for Orchestra, No. 2 (1909) Iberia: Images for Orchestra, No. 2 (1909) Iberia: Images for Orchestra, No. 2 (1909) Iberia: Images for Orchestra, No. 2 (1909)
Claude Debussy & Alban Berg Quartett
String Quartet in G minor
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String Quartet in G minor String Quartet in G minor String Quartet in G minor String Quartet in G minor
Claude Debussy, London Symphony Orchestra & Pierre Monteux
Nuages; Fetes (Nocturnes)
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Nuages; Fetes (Nocturnes) Nuages; Fetes (Nocturnes) Nuages; Fetes (Nocturnes) Nuages; Fetes (Nocturnes)
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet (piano)
Preludes Book 1 No 3 Le Vent dands la plaine
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Preludes Book 1 No 3 Le Vent dands la plaine Preludes Book 1 No 3 Le Vent dands la plaine Preludes Book 1 No 3 Le Vent dands la plaine Preludes Book 1 No 3 Le Vent dands la plaine
Fredrik Paulsson, Per Öman, Robert Westlund, Claude Debussy, Per Nystrom & Yggdrasil String Quartet
String Quartet in G minor (Op.10)
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String Quartet in G minor (Op.10) String Quartet in G minor (Op.10) String Quartet in G minor (Op.10) String Quartet in G minor (Op.10)
Claude Debussy & Louis Lortie
Preludes - Book 1: Voiles; Des pas sur la neige; La Cathedrale engloutie
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Preludes - Book 1: Voiles; Des pas sur la neige; La Cathedrale engloutie Preludes - Book 1: Voiles; Des pas sur la neige; La Cathedrale engloutie Preludes - Book 1: Voiles; Des pas sur la neige; La Cathedrale engloutie Preludes - Book 1: Voiles; Des pas sur la neige; La Cathedrale engloutie
Claude Debussy & Angela Hewitt
Suite bergamasque for piano, Passepied
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Suite bergamasque for piano, Passepied Suite bergamasque for piano, Passepied Suite bergamasque for piano, Passepied Suite bergamasque for piano, Passepied
Ilya Gringolts (Violin), Ashley Wass & Claude Debussy
Sonata In G Minor For Violin And Piano
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Sonata In G Minor For Violin And Piano Sonata In G Minor For Violin And Piano Sonata In G Minor For Violin And Piano Sonata In G Minor For Violin And Piano
Claude Debussy, Jun Märkl & Orchestre National de Lyon
La Boite a joujoux orch. compl. Caplet; Danse de la poupee
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La Boite a joujoux orch. compl. Caplet; Danse de la poupee La Boite a joujoux orch. compl. Caplet; Danse de la poupee La Boite a joujoux orch. compl. Caplet; Danse de la poupee La Boite a joujoux orch. compl. Caplet; Danse de la poupee
Claude Debussy & Angela Hewitt
Suite Bergamasque for piano, No.1, Prelude
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Suite Bergamasque for piano, No.1, Prelude Suite Bergamasque for piano, No.1, Prelude Suite Bergamasque for piano, No.1, Prelude Suite Bergamasque for piano, No.1, Prelude
Claude Debussy, Jukka-Pekka Saraste & Oslo-Filharmonien
Jeux - Poème Dansé
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Jeux - Poème Dansé Jeux - Poème Dansé Jeux - Poème Dansé Jeux - Poème Dansé
Claude Debussy, Bernard Haitink & Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Fetes from Nocturnes for orchestra, no.2
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Fetes from Nocturnes for orchestra, no.2 Fetes from Nocturnes for orchestra, no.2 Fetes from Nocturnes for orchestra, no.2 Fetes from Nocturnes for orchestra, no.2
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
Estampes - La soiree dans Grenade
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Estampes - La soiree dans Grenade Estampes - La soiree dans Grenade Estampes - La soiree dans Grenade Estampes - La soiree dans Grenade
Claude Debussy & Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major;
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2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major; 2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major; 2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major; 2 Arabesques for piano, no.1 in E major;
Claude Debussy, Zara Nelsova & Grant Johannesen
Sonata for cello and piano in D minor
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Sonata for cello and piano in D minor Sonata for cello and piano in D minor Sonata for cello and piano in D minor Sonata for cello and piano in D minor
Claude Debussy, Orchestre National de Lyon, Jun Märkl & Maurice Ravel
Tarantelle styrienne (Danse), orch. Ravel
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Tarantelle styrienne (Danse), orch. Ravel Tarantelle styrienne (Danse), orch. Ravel Tarantelle styrienne (Danse), orch. Ravel Tarantelle styrienne (Danse), orch. Ravel
Claude Debussy
Petite suite for piano duet (Minuet and Ballet)
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Petite suite for piano duet (Minuet and Ballet) Petite suite for piano duet (Minuet and Ballet) Petite suite for piano duet (Minuet and Ballet) Petite suite for piano duet (Minuet and Ballet)
Claude Debussy, Sir Mark Elder & Hallé Orchestra
Preludes orch. Colin Matthews [orig. for piano], General Lavine - eccentric
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Preludes orch. Colin Matthews [orig. for piano], General Lavine - eccentric Preludes orch. Colin Matthews [orig. for piano], General Lavine - eccentric Preludes orch. Colin Matthews [orig. for piano], General Lavine - eccentric Preludes orch. Colin Matthews [orig. for piano], General Lavine - eccentric
Franklin Cohen, Claude Debussy, The Cleveland Orchestra & Pierre Boulez
Premiere Rhapsodie for clarinet and orchestra
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Premiere Rhapsodie for clarinet and orchestra Premiere Rhapsodie for clarinet and orchestra Premiere Rhapsodie for clarinet and orchestra Premiere Rhapsodie for clarinet and orchestra
Claude Debussy, Bernard Haitink & Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Marche écossaise sur un thème populaire
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Marche écossaise sur un thème populaire Marche écossaise sur un thème populaire Marche écossaise sur un thème populaire Marche écossaise sur un thème populaire
Claude Debussy, Los Angeles Philharmonic & Carlo Maria Giulini
La Mer - 3 symphonic sketches for orchestra, no.2; Jeux de vagues
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La Mer - 3 symphonic sketches for orchestra, no.2; Jeux de vagues La Mer - 3 symphonic sketches for orchestra, no.2; Jeux de vagues La Mer - 3 symphonic sketches for orchestra, no.2; Jeux de vagues La Mer - 3 symphonic sketches for orchestra, no.2; Jeux de vagues
Claude Debussy & Juliette Hurel (flute)
Syrinx
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Syrinx Syrinx Syrinx Syrinx
Claude Debussy & Nadine Koutcher sop. and Llyr Williams piano
Pierrot
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Pierrot Pierrot Pierrot Pierrot
Claude Debussy, Llyr Williams & Regula Muhlemann
4 Chansons De Jeunesse, - Pantomime
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4 Chansons De Jeunesse, - Pantomime 4 Chansons De Jeunesse, - Pantomime 4 Chansons De Jeunesse, - Pantomime 4 Chansons De Jeunesse, - Pantomime
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Biography

Charting Debussy’s education tells us little about his roots. His rebellion against his teacher’s admonishment of his delight in a series of ‘forbidden’ harmonies resulted in his conclusion that ‘mon plaisir’ was the only rule: individuality and hedonism were all that mattered. His real teachers were close friends, lovers (sometimes), literature of many sorts and, perhaps, painting.

In his youth he was introduced to contemporary French poetry – particularly that of Banville, Verlaine and Mallarmé – through a relationship with an older woman. From song-writing he moved on to cantatas such as La damoiselle élue, a setting of a poem by the English Pre-Raphaelite poet-painter Rossetti. Debussy’s one outstanding operatic venture, Pelléas et Mélisande, occupied him for much of the 1890s, but in this decade he also deepened his ability to parallel the work of contemporary poets, both in songs and in the purely orchestral Prélude à L’après-midi d’un faune.

Another side of his output has often been compared to Impressionist painting. But the painter whose work is closer to Debussy’s ideas was James McNeill Whistler, whose series of works entitled Nocturnes may be connected to the composer’s orchestral triptych of 1897–9.

Never complacent and always seeking new challenges in every aspect of composition, in the new century he would turn to the evocation of entirely different places. Most celebrated is his only piece that resembles a symphony: La mer. It captures not only the sounds and rhythms of the sea, but also the changing weather and time of day. Further exploits – including the orchestral Images – would take Debussy to Spain.

Alongside these masterpieces of orchestral evocation, Debussy also developed a highly personal piano style. Perhaps the first piece to show a marked difference from his earlier piano music was the first piece from the two books of Images for piano, ‘Reflets dans l’eau’. Its rippling arpeggios, bathed in pedal, pioneered a new Impressionist piano style.

In the two books of Préludes for piano Debussy showed the infinite variety of his imagination. Enigmatically printed with the titles at the end rather than at the beginning, almost all the pieces have some kind of extramusical association: perhaps with a place, or a literary idea. The sequel to the Préludes was a set of pieces with no associations other than to themselves: a set of 12 piano Études.

Among the composer’s last works, the ballet Jeux is regarded as a highlight, and of the six planned late sonatas only three were written. Of the three unwritten sonatas, that for the extraordinary combination of oboe, horn and harpsichord must rank among the most lamented of planned works never to have reached fruition.

Profile © Richard Langham Smith

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