Music
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Biography

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756, the son of a violinist at the court of the local Prince-Archbishop. His father, recognising early the boy’s extraordinary musical talents, proceeded to take him on performing tours throughout Europe so ...

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Biography

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756, the son of a violinist at the court of the local Prince-Archbishop. His father, recognising early the boy’s extraordinary musical talents, proceeded to take him on performing tours throughout Europe so that he could be exposed to as wide a range of musical styles and cultural milieux as possible. By the age of 16 Mozart had visited England, Italy, France and Germany, had met many important musical and political figures, and had had three operas performed in Milan.

It was the sort of education he could never have gained in Salzburg; and, while the constant travelling may have contributed to his lifelong poor health, it was doubtless also a major factor in the formation of his cosmopolitan musical style.

Throughout the 1770s, however, Mozart was a member of the Salzburg orchestra. Growing frustration with his position led him to try his luck in Mannheim and Paris in 1777–8, but the trip brought only disappointment and within a few months he was back in Salzburg. A breakthrough of sorts came when a commission from Munich led to his first great opera, Idomeneo (1781), a work into which he poured all of the musical experience he had so far gained.

The year 1781 finally saw him break with Salzburg and move to the musically more sophisticated Vienna, where he embarked on the life of a freelance composer, pianist and teacher. At first he enjoyed considerable success, particularly as a pianist in his own concertos and with his lively comic opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail (1782). There followed three of his greatest operatic masterpieces – The Marriage of Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787) and Così fan tutte (1790) – but by the time of the last his popularity had waned and he found himself seriously in debt. He died in December 1791, not long after the successful premiere of his final opera, The Magic Flute.

Profile by Lindsay Kemp © BBC

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Take My Life and Let It Be
Take My Life and Let It Be
Performer
Choir and Congregation of St. Killian's College Chapel
Jonathan Rea
F R Havergal
Piano Sonata No. 5 in G major K.283
Piano Sonata No. 5 in G major K.283
Performer
Christian Blackshaw
Concerto for horn and orchestra no.2 (K.417) in E flat major
Concerto for horn and orchestra no.2 (K.417) in E flat major
Performer
Conductor
Serenade (K.525) in G major, 'Eine Kleine Nachtmusik'
Sonata for piano (K.284) in D major, 3rd movement; Thema mit 12 Variationen
Sonata for piano (K.284) in D major, 3rd movement; Thema mit 12 Variationen
Concert rondo in A major  (K.386) for piano and orchestra
Concert rondo in A major (K.386) for piano and orchestra
Conductor
Thomas Sondergard
Divertimento in E flat major K.252 for wind: 3rd movement; Polonaise (Andante): 4th movement; Presto assai
Divertimento in E flat major K.252 for wind: 3rd movement; Polonaise (Andante): 4th movement; Presto assai
Ensemble
Scottish Chamber Orchestra Wind Soloists
last_played_on
Non che non sei capace  K.419
Non che non sei capace K.419
Performer
Music Arranger
Ensemble
Royal Northern Sinfonia
Conductor
last_played_on
Sonata for piano in C major (K.545) (arr. Grieg for two pianos)
Sonata for piano in C major (K.545) (arr. Grieg for two pianos)
Performer
Julie Adam
Daniel Herscovitch
Music Arranger
Serenade in E flat K.375 – Finale: Allegro
Serenade in E flat K.375 – Finale: Allegro
Ensemble
Scottish Chamber Orchestra Wind Soloists
last_played_on
Piano Sonata in F major, K. 280 – Ist movt, Allegro assai
Piano Sonata in F major, K. 280 – Ist movt, Allegro assai
last_played_on
Concerto no. 1 in D major K.412 for horn and orchestra
Concerto no. 1 in D major K.412 for horn and orchestra
Performer
Premysl Vojta
Sonata for piano (K.310) in A minor, 1st movement; Allegro maestoso
Sonata for piano (K.310) in A minor, 1st movement; Allegro maestoso
last_played_on
Sonata for piano 4 hands in D major (K.381)
Sonata for piano 4 hands in D major (K.381)
Performer
Irina Venckus
Vilma Rindzeviciute
Serenade in E flat major K.375 vers. for wind sextet
Serenade in E flat major K.375 vers. for wind sextet
last_played_on
Serenata Notturna
Serenata Notturna
Performer
London Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Concerto for piano and orchestra no. 20 (K.466) in D minor, 2nd mvt;Romanze
Concerto for piano and orchestra no. 20 (K.466) in D minor, 2nd mvt;Romanze
Performer
last_played_on
Kirchen-Sonate in B flat (K. 212) for 2 violins, double bass and organ
Kirchen-Sonate in B flat (K. 212) for 2 violins, double bass and organ
Ensemble
Royal Academy of Music Beckett Ensemble
Don Giovanni, A Cenar Teco
Don Giovanni, A Cenar Teco
Performer
Sir Charles Mackerras
Umberto Chiummo, Bo Skovhus and Alessandro Corbelli, Scottish Chamber Orchestra and Chorus
Clarinet Concerto in A K622 - Soloist Julian Bliss
Clarinet Concerto in A K622 - Soloist Julian Bliss
Composer
Mozart
Liebe himmlisches Gefuhl, K119
Liebe himmlisches Gefuhl, K119
Performer
Orchestra
Royal Northern Sinfonia
Conductor
Music Arranger
last_played_on
Der Schauspieldirektor - singspiel in 1 act (K.486), Overture
Der Schauspieldirektor - singspiel in 1 act (K.486), Overture
last_played_on
Vorrei spiegarvi, oh Dio K.418
Vorrei spiegarvi, oh Dio K.418
Orchestra
Berlin Philharmonic
Le Nozze di Figaro - (K.492), Act 2, no.11; Voi, che sapete [arietta]
Le Nozze di Figaro - (K.492), Act 2, no.11; Voi, che sapete [arietta]
Conductor
John Pritchard
Orchestra
London Symphony Orchestra
last_played_on
Trio for piano and strings in C major (K.548)
Trio for piano and strings in C major (K.548)
Ensemble
Kungsbacka Trio
6 Variations on 'Mio caro Adone' K.180 for keyboard [from Salieri's 'La fiera di Venezia']
6 Variations on 'Mio caro Adone' K.180 for keyboard [from Salieri's 'La fiera di Venezia']
last_played_on
Le Nozze di Figaro - opera in 4 acts K.492
Le Nozze di Figaro - opera in 4 acts K.492
Performer
Colin Davis
BBC S O.
last_played_on
Piano Sonata in B flat major (K.570) (1789)
Piano Sonata in B flat major (K.570) (1789)
Performer
Vikingur Heidar Olafsson
Rondo alla turca
Requiem in D minor - Lacrimosa
Requiem in D minor - Lacrimosa
Performer
Berlin Philharmonic
Claudio Abbado
Swedish Radio Choir
last_played_on
Requiem in D minor  K.626 - Introitus and Kyrie
Requiem in D minor K.626 - Introitus and Kyrie
last_played_on
Requiem in D minor - Sanctus & Benedictus
Requiem in D minor - Sanctus & Benedictus
last_played_on
Donne mie la fate a tanti (Cosi fan tutte)
Donne mie la fate a tanti (Cosi fan tutte)
Orchestra
Berlin Philharmonic
Madamina, il catalogo e questo (Don Giovanni)
Madamina, il catalogo e questo (Don Giovanni)
Singer
Erwin Schrott
Conductor
Riccardo Frizza
Piano Sonata No 4 in E flat
Symphony no. 31 in D major  K.297 (Paris) (K.300a): 3rd movement; Allegro
Symphony no. 31 in D major K.297 (Paris) (K.300a): 3rd movement; Allegro
Conductor
Orchestra
Lamoureux Concert Orchestra
last_played_on
Die Zauberflote... (K.620), Act 1, no.2; Der Vogelfanger bin ich ja [aria]
Die Zauberflote... (K.620), Act 1, no.2; Der Vogelfanger bin ich ja [aria]
Conductor
last_played_on
Cuir an ceol is ansa leat le do sheinnliosta agus bain sult as

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