Arvo Pärt
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1935-09-11
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/ae0b2424-d4c5-4c54-82ac-fe3be5453270
Arvo Pärt Arvo Pärt Arvo Pärt Arvo Pärt

Biography

One of the most distinctive voices in contemporary music, and also among the most performed and recorded, the Estonian-born composer Arvo Pärt studied composition at the Tallinn Conservatory under the influential teacher Heino Eller. Although Pärt’s current standing rests almost ...

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Biography

One of the most distinctive voices in contemporary music, and also among the most performed and recorded, the Estonian-born composer Arvo Pärt studied composition at the Tallinn Conservatory under the influential teacher Heino Eller. Although Pärt’s current standing rests almost exclusively on the works he has composed since the unveiling of the ‘tintinnabuli’ style in 1976, announced by the crystalline beauty of the piano miniature Für Alina, he had already become something of an enfant terrible in Soviet musical circles during the 1960s.

His Nekrolog (1960) for orchestra caused a scandal by being the first Estonian work to employ serialism, incurring the wrath of no less a person than Tikhon Khrennikov, the all-powerful head of the Soviet Composers’ Union. Using other avant-garde techniques such as pointillism and aleatoricism, Pärt wrote a series of experimental works including Perpetuum mobile (1963), Symphony No. 1 (1964), Diagrams (1964) and Musica sillabica (1964).

Having become dissatisfied with serial technique, however, Pärt searched for another means of furthering his musical development, resulting in his incorporation of ‘borrowed’ tonal gestures (the music of J. S. Bach proving to be of particular importance) and the adoption of Baroque and Classical forms in works such as the brief Quintettino (1964), Collage on B–A–C–H (1964) and the cello concerto Pro et contra (1966). After the remarkable Credo (1968), which represented both the culmination of his early style and the first work in which he set a religious text, Pärt fell silent for a number of years.

Following a chance encounter with the root of Western music, plainchant, Pärt was creatively and spiritually reborn. He became engrossed in a study of medieval and Renaissance music and converted to the Russian Orthodox Church (Pärt was originally Lutheran). Using plainchant and other early music as his source, he then underwent a radical change of style, paring down and reconstructing both his musical ideas and technique. It was not until 1976 that he intuitively discovered his new tintinnabuli style, at the core of which was a two-part unit: a generally stepwise ‘melodic’ line accompanied by a triadic or tintinnabuli harmony (the Latin word tintinnabulum literally means ‘small bell’).

An outpouring of works followed, including Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten, Tabula rasa and Fratres, three of the most enduring works of the new style, all dating from 1977 and each possessing its own inner, self-contained concept and unique sound-world. The acme of the style, its most perfect realisation, came with the transcendent Passio (St John Passion) (1982), with further new traits introduced in subsequent sacred works such as the Te Deum (1984–5, rev. 1992), Stabat mater (1985), Miserere (1989), Litany (1994, rev. 1996) and the imposing Kanon Pokajanen (1997). More recent works such as The Deer’s Cry (2007) and Symphony No. 4, ‘Los Angeles’ (2008) have served to illustrate the extreme flexibility of the tintinnabuli style and its capacity to absorb new textural and harmonic approaches.

From avant-garde density to luminous simplicity, Pärt’s has been a constantly fascinating musical journey. Having left the Soviet Union in 1980, the composer returned to Estonia around the turn of the century. His many awards include the Contemporary Music Award at the 2003 Classical Brits, Musical America’s Composer of the Year Award in 2005 and the 2008 Sonning Music Prize.



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Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor, Arvo Pärt & Tõnu Kaljuste
Magnificat
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Magnificat Magnificat Magnificat Magnificat
Arvo Pärt, Slovenian Chamber Chorus & Kaspars Putniņš
Dopo la victoria
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Dopo la victoria Dopo la victoria Dopo la victoria Dopo la victoria
Arvo Pärt, Slovenian Chamber Chorus & Kaspars Putniņš
Magnificat
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Magnificat Magnificat Magnificat Magnificat
Arvo Pärt, Tasmin Little & Martin Roscoe
Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano
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Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano
Erik Westbergs Vokalensemble & Arvo Pärt
The Woman with the Alabaster box for chorus
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The Woman with the Alabaster box for chorus The Woman with the Alabaster box for chorus The Woman with the Alabaster box for chorus The Woman with the Alabaster box for chorus
Arvo Pärt, London Symphony Orchestra & Osmo Vänskä
Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt & The Hilliard Ensemble
Extract from Passio
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Extract from Passio Extract from Passio Extract from Passio Extract from Passio
Arvo Pärt, Peter Dijkstra, Bavarian Radio Chorus & Münchner Rundfunkorchester
Te Deum
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Te Deum Te Deum Te Deum Te Deum
Morten Carlsen, Sergej Osadchuk & Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel Spiegel im Spiegel Spiegel im Spiegel Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt, Peter Philips & The Tallis Scholars
Nunc Dimittis
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Nunc Dimittis Nunc Dimittis Nunc Dimittis Nunc Dimittis
Arvo Pärt, Sinfonietta Rīga, Latvijas Radio koris & Tõnu Kaljuste
Beatus Petronius
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Beatus Petronius Beatus Petronius Beatus Petronius Beatus Petronius
The Tallis Scholars, Arvo Pärt & Peter Phillips
The Women with the Alabaster Box
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The Women with the Alabaster Box The Women with the Alabaster Box The Women with the Alabaster Box The Women with the Alabaster Box
Arvo Pärt, The Tallis Scholars & Peter Phillips
7 Magnificat Antiphons: O Immanuel
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7 Magnificat Antiphons: O Immanuel 7 Magnificat Antiphons: O Immanuel 7 Magnificat Antiphons: O Immanuel 7 Magnificat Antiphons: O Immanuel
Arvo Pärt
I am the true vine
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I am the true vine I am the true vine I am the true vine I am the true vine
Arvo Pärt, The Tallis Scholars & Peter Phillips
Nunc dimittis for chorus
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Nunc dimittis for chorus Nunc dimittis for chorus Nunc dimittis for chorus Nunc dimittis for chorus
Arvo Pärt & Gothic Voices
Most Holy Mother of God
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Most Holy Mother of God Most Holy Mother of God Most Holy Mother of God Most Holy Mother of God
Arvo Pärt & The Tallis Scholars
Tribute to Caesar
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Tribute to Caesar Tribute to Caesar Tribute to Caesar Tribute to Caesar
Arvo Pärt & The Tallis Scholars
Nunc dimittis
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Nunc dimittis Nunc dimittis Nunc dimittis Nunc dimittis
Arvo Pärt, Peter Phillips & The Tallis Scholars
Magnificat For Chorus
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Magnificat For Chorus Magnificat For Chorus Magnificat For Chorus Magnificat For Chorus
Arvo Pärt & Bournemouth Sinfonietta
Cantus In Memory Of Benjamin Britten
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Cantus In Memory Of Benjamin Britten Cantus In Memory Of Benjamin Britten Cantus In Memory Of Benjamin Britten Cantus In Memory Of Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt, The Choir of St John's College, Cambridge & Andrew Nethsingha
Bogoroditse Dyevo for chorus [1990]
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Bogoroditse Dyevo for chorus [1990] Bogoroditse Dyevo for chorus [1990] Bogoroditse Dyevo for chorus [1990] Bogoroditse Dyevo for chorus [1990]
Arvo Pärt, Peter Phillips & The Tallis Scholars
Which was the son of... for chorus
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Which was the son of... for chorus Which was the son of... for chorus Which was the son of... for chorus Which was the son of... for chorus
Arvo Pärt, Choir of King’s College, Cambridge & Stephen Cleobury
7 Advent (Magnificat) antiphons for chorus [4-9 vv], no.1; O Weisheit
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7 Advent (Magnificat) antiphons for chorus [4-9 vv], no.1; O Weisheit 7 Advent (Magnificat) antiphons for chorus [4-9 vv], no.1; O Weisheit 7 Advent (Magnificat) antiphons for chorus [4-9 vv], no.1; O Weisheit 7 Advent (Magnificat) antiphons for chorus [4-9 vv], no.1; O Weisheit
Michael Collins, Arvo Pärt & Michael McHale
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel Spiegel im Spiegel Spiegel im Spiegel Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt & Callino Quartet
Da pacem Domine arr. for string quartet [orig. for chorus]
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Da pacem Domine arr. for string quartet [orig. for chorus] Da pacem Domine arr. for string quartet [orig. for chorus] Da pacem Domine arr. for string quartet [orig. for chorus] Da pacem Domine arr. for string quartet [orig. for chorus]

Da pacem Domine arr. for string quartet [orig. for chorus]

Performer
Callino Quartet
Donald Runnicles, Arvo Pärt & BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten
The King’s Singers & Arvo Pärt
Bogoroditsye Dyevo (Virgin Mother of God)
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Bogoroditsye Dyevo (Virgin Mother of God) Bogoroditsye Dyevo (Virgin Mother of God) Bogoroditsye Dyevo (Virgin Mother of God) Bogoroditsye Dyevo (Virgin Mother of God)
The Western Wind Chamber Choir, Paul Hillier, Arvo Pärt & The Hilliard Ensemble
Passio: Part IV Tunc ergo tradidit eis illum ut crucifigeretur
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Passio: Part IV Tunc ergo tradidit eis illum ut crucifigeretur Passio: Part IV Tunc ergo tradidit eis illum ut crucifigeretur Passio: Part IV Tunc ergo tradidit eis illum ut crucifigeretur Passio: Part IV Tunc ergo tradidit eis illum ut crucifigeretur
Paavo Järvi, Orchestre de Paris & Arvo Pärt
Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt, Women of the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir & Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
Christmas Lullaby
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Christmas Lullaby Christmas Lullaby Christmas Lullaby Christmas Lullaby

Christmas Lullaby

Composer
Choir
Women of the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
Orchestra
Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
Arvo Pärt, Women of the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir & Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
Estonian Lullaby
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Estonian Lullaby Estonian Lullaby Estonian Lullaby Estonian Lullaby

Estonian Lullaby

Composer
Choir
Women of the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
Orchestra
Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Arvo Pärt, Vesa-Matti Leppänen & Vesa-Matti Leppänen
Fratres (version for violin and orchestra)
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Fratres (version for violin and orchestra) Fratres (version for violin and orchestra) Fratres (version for violin and orchestra) Fratres (version for violin and orchestra)

Fratres (version for violin and orchestra)

Composer
Performer
Vesa-Matti Leppänen
Conductor
Vesa-Matti Leppänen
Arvo Pärt & Magyar Állami Operaház Zenekara
Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten
Polyphony, Stephen Layton & Arvo Pärt
Morning Star
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Morning Star Morning Star Morning Star Morning Star
Arvo Pärt, Angela Yoffe & Vadim Gluzman
Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano
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Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano Spiegel im Spiegel for violin and piano
Polyphony, Stephen Layton, Arvo Pärt & Andrew Lucas
Berliner Messe for chorus and orchestra/organ; Veni Sancte Spiritus
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Berliner Messe for chorus and orchestra/organ; Veni Sancte Spiritus Berliner Messe for chorus and orchestra/organ; Veni Sancte Spiritus Berliner Messe for chorus and orchestra/organ; Veni Sancte Spiritus Berliner Messe for chorus and orchestra/organ; Veni Sancte Spiritus
Arvo Pärt & The Hilliard Ensemble
One of the Pharisees
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One of the Pharisees One of the Pharisees One of the Pharisees One of the Pharisees
Arvo Pärt, Staatsorchester Stuttgart & Dennis Russell Davies
In Memoriam Benjamin Britten
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In Memoriam Benjamin Britten In Memoriam Benjamin Britten In Memoriam Benjamin Britten In Memoriam Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt, Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor, Tallinna Kammerorkester & Tõnu Kaljuste
Estonian Lullaby
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Estonian Lullaby Estonian Lullaby Estonian Lullaby Estonian Lullaby
Arvo Pärt & Polyphony
Morning Star
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Morning Star Morning Star Morning Star Morning Star
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