Aaron Copland
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1900-11-14
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/aad3af83-5b59-4b86-a569-1a8409149b09
Aaron Copland Aaron Copland Aaron Copland Aaron Copland

Biography

Aaron Copland was born in Brooklyn to Jewish immigrants (on the way from Russia to America, "Koplan" or "Kaplan" became "Copland"), and he grew up comfortable with many kinds of music-making. In New York City, Copland heard pop music and ...

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Biography

Aaron Copland was born in Brooklyn to Jewish immigrants (on the way from Russia to America, "Koplan" or "Kaplan" became "Copland"), and he grew up comfortable with many kinds of music-making. In New York City, Copland heard pop music and jazz on the streets, and went to the 'Old Met[ropolitan opera]' to hear Bizet and Wagner. After high-school he played in dance bands at summer hotels in upstate New York. At the same time he studied composition with Rubin Goldmark, a former pupil of Dvorak.

In 1921 Copland enrolled at the American Conservatory in Fontainebleau, France. There from Nadia Boulanger he received his most important training as well as his professional launching. Boulanger introduced him to Russian-French modernism and to famous musicians, including Stravinsky and Serge Koussevitzky. She encouraged him to take jazz in particular more seriously. Sailing home in 1924, Copland felt ready to lead - to "make music and life touch".

Soon Copland developed his own techniques to handle jazz and popular music within a modernist context. Enduring works from this period include Music for the Theater (1925) and the Piano Variations (1930). Later, during the early stages of a folk revival, fed by the anxieties of the Depression and War years, Copland shifted his vernacular base from commercial music to folk traditions. El Salón México (1936), Billy the Kid (1938), Rodeo (1942) and Appalachian Spring (1944) have established his stature as the creator of an 'American sound'. Many other compositions, such as the Piano Quartet (1950), the Piano Fantasy (1957) and the Nonet for Strings (1960), still strive for more prominence in the repertoire.

Copland also wrote solid music criticism as well as books on music appreciation and contemporary music. The centenary of his birth prompted a new wave of scholarship, including the first scholarly biography of a composer somewhat taken for granted. In addition, the Music Division of the Library of Congress (USA) has digitised its Aaron Copland Collection, including musical autographs and correspondence, all now available online.

Profile © Judith Tick

Clips (9)


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Aaron Copland, Leonard Bernstein & New York Philharmonic
Rodeo, Four Dance Episodes
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Rodeo, Four Dance Episodes Rodeo, Four Dance Episodes Rodeo, Four Dance Episodes Rodeo, Four Dance Episodes
Aaron Copland, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Louis Lane
Rodeo - 4 dance episodes; no.3; Saturday night waltz
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Rodeo - 4 dance episodes; no.3; Saturday night waltz Rodeo - 4 dance episodes; no.3; Saturday night waltz Rodeo - 4 dance episodes; no.3; Saturday night waltz Rodeo - 4 dance episodes; no.3; Saturday night waltz
Aaron Copland, San Francisco Symphony & Michael Tilson Thomas
Rodeo, ‘Saturday Night Waltz’
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Rodeo, ‘Saturday Night Waltz’ Rodeo, ‘Saturday Night Waltz’ Rodeo, ‘Saturday Night Waltz’ Rodeo, ‘Saturday Night Waltz’
Aaron Copland, Orquesta Filarmónica de la Ciudad de México & Enrique Bátiz
Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion
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Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion
Aaron Copland, Los Angeles Philharmonic & Leonard Bernstein
Appalachian Spring
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Appalachian Spring Appalachian Spring Appalachian Spring Appalachian Spring
Aaron Copland, JoAnn Falletta & Buffalo Philharmonic
The Red pony - film suite, Morning on the ranch
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The Red pony - film suite, Morning on the ranch The Red pony - film suite, Morning on the ranch The Red pony - film suite, Morning on the ranch The Red pony - film suite, Morning on the ranch
Aaron Copland, BBC Philharmonic & John Wilson
Billy the Kid
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Billy the Kid Billy the Kid Billy the Kid Billy the Kid
Aaron Copland, BBC Philharmonic & John Wilson
El Salon Mexico
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El Salon Mexico El Salon Mexico El Salon Mexico El Salon Mexico
Aaron Copland, BBC Philharmonic & John Wilson
4 Dance Episodes from ‘Rodeo
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4 Dance Episodes from ‘Rodeo 4 Dance Episodes from ‘Rodeo 4 Dance Episodes from ‘Rodeo 4 Dance Episodes from ‘Rodeo
Philippe Schartz, Aaron Copland, sarah-jayne porsmoguer, BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Ben Gernon
Quiet city for cor anglais, trumpet and strings
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Quiet city for cor anglais, trumpet and strings Quiet city for cor anglais, trumpet and strings Quiet city for cor anglais, trumpet and strings Quiet city for cor anglais, trumpet and strings

Quiet city for cor anglais, trumpet and strings

Performer
Philippe Schartz
sarah-jayne porsmoguer
Conductor
Ben Gernon
Aaron Copland, BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Ben Gernon
Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion
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Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion Fanfare for the common man for brass and percussion
Brodsky Quartet & Aaron Copland
Rodeo (Hoe-down), arr. M Thomas for string quartet
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Rodeo (Hoe-down), arr. M Thomas for string quartet Rodeo (Hoe-down), arr. M Thomas for string quartet Rodeo (Hoe-down), arr. M Thomas for string quartet Rodeo (Hoe-down), arr. M Thomas for string quartet
BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Aaron Copland
Clarinet Concerto
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Clarinet Concerto Clarinet Concerto Clarinet Concerto Clarinet Concerto
Aaron Copland, Leonard Bernstein & New York Philharmonic
Danzon cubano vers. for orchestra
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Danzon cubano vers. for orchestra Danzon cubano vers. for orchestra Danzon cubano vers. for orchestra Danzon cubano vers. for orchestra
Aaron Copland, Thomas Hampson, Mariss Jansons & Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Excerpts from Old American Songs
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Excerpts from Old American Songs Excerpts from Old American Songs Excerpts from Old American Songs Excerpts from Old American Songs
Aaron Copland, London Symphony Orchestra & Antal Doráti
Appalachian Spring (1945, Suite)
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Appalachian Spring (1945, Suite) Appalachian Spring (1945, Suite) Appalachian Spring (1945, Suite) Appalachian Spring (1945, Suite)
Aaron Copland, Michael Tilson Thomas & San Francisco Symphony
Rodeo
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Rodeo Rodeo Rodeo Rodeo
Aaron Copland, Minnesota Orchestra & Antal Doráti
El Salón México
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El Salón México El Salón México El Salón México El Salón México
Aaron Copland, Hugh Wolff & Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra
"The Gift to be Simple" from Appalachian spring
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"The Gift to be Simple" from Appalachian spring "The Gift to be Simple" from Appalachian spring "The Gift to be Simple" from Appalachian spring "The Gift to be Simple" from Appalachian spring
Aaron Copland, Samuel Ramey & Warren Jones
Old American songs - set 1 for voice(s) and piano
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Old American songs - set 1 for voice(s) and piano Old American songs - set 1 for voice(s) and piano Old American songs - set 1 for voice(s) and piano Old American songs - set 1 for voice(s) and piano
Aaron Copland, Ulster Orchestra & Michael Francis
Appalachian spring - ballet vers. for 16 instruments
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Appalachian spring - ballet vers. for 16 instruments Appalachian spring - ballet vers. for 16 instruments Appalachian spring - ballet vers. for 16 instruments Appalachian spring - ballet vers. for 16 instruments
Aaron Copland, The Philadelphia Orchestra & Eugene Ormandy
Fanfare for the Common Man
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Fanfare for the Common Man Fanfare for the Common Man Fanfare for the Common Man Fanfare for the Common Man
Aaron Copland, Leonard Bernstein & New York Philharmonic
Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro)
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Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro)
Aaron Copland
In the beginning
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In the beginning In the beginning In the beginning In the beginning
San Francisco Symphony, Aaron Copland & Michael Tilson Thomas
El Salon Mexico for orchestra
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El Salon Mexico for orchestra El Salon Mexico for orchestra El Salon Mexico for orchestra El Salon Mexico for orchestra
Aaron Copland
THE HEIRESS (1949): Suite
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THE HEIRESS (1949): Suite THE HEIRESS (1949): Suite THE HEIRESS (1949): Suite THE HEIRESS (1949): Suite
San Francisco Symphony, Aaron Copland & Michael Tilson Thomas
Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro)
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Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.4; Hoe-down (Allegro)
Aaron Copland & London Symphony Orchestra
Our Town
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Our Town Our Town Our Town Our Town
Aaron Copland, Dallas Symphony Orchestra & Eduardo Mata
El Salon Mexico for orchestra
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El Salon Mexico for orchestra El Salon Mexico for orchestra El Salon Mexico for orchestra El Salon Mexico for orchestra
Aaron Copland, New York Philharmonic & Leonard Bernstein
Fanfare For The Common Man For Brass and Percussion
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Fanfare For The Common Man For Brass and Percussion Fanfare For The Common Man For Brass and Percussion Fanfare For The Common Man For Brass and Percussion Fanfare For The Common Man For Brass and Percussion
Aaron Copland, Michael Tilson Thomas & San Francisco Symphony
Rodeo - Hoe Down
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Rodeo - Hoe Down Rodeo - Hoe Down Rodeo - Hoe Down Rodeo - Hoe Down
Aaron Copland, Sarah Connolly & Joseph Middleton
12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano
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12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano
Aaron Copland, Sarah Connolly & Joseph Middleton
12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano
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12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson for soprano and piano
Aaron Copland, Andrew Litton & Dallas S O
The Red pony - film suite
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The Red pony - film suite The Red pony - film suite The Red pony - film suite The Red pony - film suite
Aaron Copland, San Francisco Symphony & Michael Tilson Thomas
Rodeo Ballet, Hoe Down
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Rodeo Ballet, Hoe Down Rodeo Ballet, Hoe Down Rodeo Ballet, Hoe Down Rodeo Ballet, Hoe Down
Aaron Copland, Nicholas Collon & Aurora Orchestra
Appalachian spring - vi: As at first; vii: Doppio movimento; vii: Moderato
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Appalachian spring - vi: As at first; vii: Doppio movimento; vii: Moderato Appalachian spring - vi: As at first; vii: Doppio movimento; vii: Moderato Appalachian spring - vi: As at first; vii: Doppio movimento; vii: Moderato Appalachian spring - vi: As at first; vii: Doppio movimento; vii: Moderato
Aaron Copland, Nicholas Collon & Aurora Orchestra
Appalachian spring - suite vers. for 13 instr. [1944]
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Appalachian spring - suite vers. for 13 instr. [1944] Appalachian spring - suite vers. for 13 instr. [1944] Appalachian spring - suite vers. for 13 instr. [1944] Appalachian spring - suite vers. for 13 instr. [1944]
London Symphony Orchestra, Aaron Copland & Aaron Copland
Fanfare for the common man
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Fanfare for the common man Fanfare for the common man Fanfare for the common man Fanfare for the common man
Aaron Copland, Leonard Bernstein, Marilyn Horne & New York Philharmonic
Old American Songs: I bought me a cat
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Old American Songs: I bought me a cat Old American Songs: I bought me a cat Old American Songs: I bought me a cat Old American Songs: I bought me a cat
Leonard Bernstein, New York Philharmonic & Aaron Copland
Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.1; Buckaroo holiday (Allegro con spirito)
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Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.1; Buckaroo holiday (Allegro con spirito) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.1; Buckaroo holiday (Allegro con spirito) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.1; Buckaroo holiday (Allegro con spirito) Rodeo - 4 dance episodes, no.1; Buckaroo holiday (Allegro con spirito)
Aglika Genova, Liuben Dimitrov & Aaron Copland
Danzon Cubano vers. for 2 pianos
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Danzon Cubano vers. for 2 pianos Danzon Cubano vers. for 2 pianos Danzon Cubano vers. for 2 pianos Danzon Cubano vers. for 2 pianos
Aaron Copland & Detroit Symphony Orchestra
El Salon Mexico
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El Salon Mexico El Salon Mexico El Salon Mexico El Salon Mexico
Buffalo Philharmonic, Aaron Copland & JoAnn Falletta
The Red Pony Suite: Morning on the Ranch; Walk to the Bunkhouse
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The Red Pony Suite: Morning on the Ranch; Walk to the Bunkhouse The Red Pony Suite: Morning on the Ranch; Walk to the Bunkhouse The Red Pony Suite: Morning on the Ranch; Walk to the Bunkhouse The Red Pony Suite: Morning on the Ranch; Walk to the Bunkhouse
Marin Alsop, Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra & Aaron Copland
Dance Symphony
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Dance Symphony Dance Symphony Dance Symphony Dance Symphony
Michael Tilson Thomas, San Francisco Symphony & Aaron Copland
Billy The Kid: extract
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Billy The Kid: extract Billy The Kid: extract Billy The Kid: extract Billy The Kid: extract
Aaron Copland
The concluding songs from Copland's 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson
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The concluding songs from Copland's 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson The concluding songs from Copland's 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson The concluding songs from Copland's 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson The concluding songs from Copland's 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson
Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Aaron Copland & Antal Doráti
Rodeo: Corral Nocturne
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Rodeo: Corral Nocturne Rodeo: Corral Nocturne Rodeo: Corral Nocturne Rodeo: Corral Nocturne
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