Anton Bruckner
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1824-09-04
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/9debb4c3-dc10-440f-9c96-b777d51ea998
Anton Bruckner Anton Bruckner Anton Bruckner Anton Bruckner

Biography

Anton Bruckner was born in rural Upper Austria in 1824. The son of a village schoolmaster, he initially intended to follow in his father’s footsteps, but at the age of 13 he was accepted as a choirboy at the Augustinian ...

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Biography

Anton Bruckner was born in rural Upper Austria in 1824. The son of a village schoolmaster, he initially intended to follow in his father’s footsteps, but at the age of 13 he was accepted as a choirboy at the Augustinian monastery of St Florian, where he received a thorough musical education. During his twenties, he tried various teaching posts, but the desire to compose was growing more urgent.

In 1855 he applied for the post of organist at Linz Cathedral and was appointed by a unanimous decision. He now submitted himself to a rigorous programme of advanced musical education: a six-year correspondence course in harmony and counterpoint, and lessons in form and orchestration. It was only when he was nearing 40 that Bruckner at last felt free to compose as he wished.

Three magnificent Mass-settings followed. But a remark by a critic about the symphonic character of the D minor Mass was interpreted by the devoutly religious Bruckner as a sign of vocation. At around the same time he encountered Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony and Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde and was bowled over by both. His own symphonies, from the so-called ‘No. 0’ onwards, show him attempting to forge a synthesis of Wagner’s highly charged, volatile Romanticism, Beethoven’s huge symphonic drama and the more stable formal proportions of Baroque and Rococo church music.

After recovering from a nervous breakdown in 1866–7, Bruckner decided to move to Vienna to pursue his symphonic vocation, where he was encouraged by the influential conductor Johann Herbeck. But he made a powerful enemy in the anti-Wagnerian critic Eduard Hanslick, whose hostility caused Bruckner much pain and soul-searching. Years of neglect followed the catastrophic premiere of the Third Symphony (1877), despite Bruckner’s continuing successes as an organist.

Thanks to the efforts of the conductors Hans Richter and Arthur Nikisch, and to pupils such as Franz and Josef Schalk, his fortunes as a composer gradually began to change. The Leipzig premiere of the Seventh Symphony (1881–3) was a triumph, as was the Viennese first performance of the revised Eighth (1890). In his last decade Bruckner set out on what was intended as the summation of his work as a symphonist: the Ninth Symphony, dedicated to his ‘dear God’. But growing anxiety held up its progress, and the finale survives only in extensive sketches, crucial pages of which disappeared after the composer’s death in 1896.

In some ways a Wagnerian Romantic, Bruckner also had profound roots in early Classical, Baroque and even Renaissance church music. Visionary grandeur and serenity can be found alongside some of the darkest, most troubled music written in the 19th century.

Profile © Stephen Johnson

Clips (16)


Tracks

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Anton Bruckner, Polyphony & Stephen Layton
Locus iste - gradual for chorus
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Locus iste - gradual for chorus Locus iste - gradual for chorus Locus iste - gradual for chorus Locus iste - gradual for chorus
Sokkelund Choir, Anton Bruckner & Morten Schuldt-Jensen
3 Motets
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3 Motets 3 Motets 3 Motets 3 Motets
Anton Bruckner, BBC Philharmonic & Juanjo Mena
Symphony No 6
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Symphony No 6 Symphony No 6 Symphony No 6 Symphony No 6
Anton Bruckner, Graham Chambers, Corydon Singers, Matthew Best, Jeremy Gough & Martin Kelly
Ecce sacerdos magnus - antiphon for 4-8 voices, 3 trombones and organ
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Ecce sacerdos magnus - antiphon for 4-8 voices, 3 trombones and organ Ecce sacerdos magnus - antiphon for 4-8 voices, 3 trombones and organ Ecce sacerdos magnus - antiphon for 4-8 voices, 3 trombones and organ Ecce sacerdos magnus - antiphon for 4-8 voices, 3 trombones and organ

Ecce sacerdos magnus - antiphon for 4-8 voices, 3 trombones and organ

Performer
Graham Chambers
Corydon Singers
Matthew Best
Jeremy Gough
Martin Kelly
Last played on
Anton Bruckner, Trevor Pinnock, Royal Academy of Music Soloists Ensemble & Anthony Payne
Scherzo (massig schnell) from Symphony No.2 in C minor
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Scherzo (massig schnell) from Symphony No.2 in C minor Scherzo (massig schnell) from Symphony No.2 in C minor Scherzo (massig schnell) from Symphony No.2 in C minor Scherzo (massig schnell) from Symphony No.2 in C minor
Anton Bruckner, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra & Eugen Jochum
Symphony no. 6 in A major (1881, rev 1884)
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Symphony no. 6 in A major (1881, rev 1884) Symphony no. 6 in A major (1881, rev 1884) Symphony no. 6 in A major (1881, rev 1884) Symphony no. 6 in A major (1881, rev 1884)
Anton Bruckner, Polyphony & Stephen Layton
Ave Maria
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Ave Maria Ave Maria Ave Maria Ave Maria
Anton Bruckner, Mark Wigglesworth & BBC SSO
Symphony No4 – 3rd Mvt scherzo and trio
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Symphony No4 – 3rd Mvt scherzo and trio Symphony No4 – 3rd Mvt scherzo and trio Symphony No4 – 3rd Mvt scherzo and trio Symphony No4 – 3rd Mvt scherzo and trio
Anton Bruckner, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra & Eugen Jochum
Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic"
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Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic"
Anton Bruckner, London Philharmonic Orchestra & Stanisław Skrowaczewski
Symphony No.3, Scherzo and Trio
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Symphony No.3, Scherzo and Trio Symphony No.3, Scherzo and Trio Symphony No.3, Scherzo and Trio Symphony No.3, Scherzo and Trio
Anton Bruckner, Lucerne Festival Orchestra & Claudio Abbado
Symphony No. 9 In D Minor: 1st movement; Feierlich, misterioso
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Symphony No. 9 In D Minor: 1st movement; Feierlich, misterioso Symphony No. 9 In D Minor: 1st movement; Feierlich, misterioso Symphony No. 9 In D Minor: 1st movement; Feierlich, misterioso Symphony No. 9 In D Minor: 1st movement; Feierlich, misterioso

Symphony No. 9 In D Minor: 1st movement; Feierlich, misterioso

Orchestra
Lucerne Festival Orchestra
Last played on
Anton Bruckner, The Raphael Ensemble, Anthony Marwood, Elizabeth Wexler, Timothy Boulton & Andrea Hess
Intermezzo for string quintet in D minor
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Intermezzo for string quintet in D minor Intermezzo for string quintet in D minor Intermezzo for string quintet in D minor Intermezzo for string quintet in D minor
Anton Bruckner, Christoph Prégardien, Jan Schumacher & Camerata Musica Limburg
Abendzauber
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Abendzauber Abendzauber Abendzauber Abendzauber
Anton Bruckner, BBC Philharmonic & Pietari Inkinen
Symphony no.5 in B flat
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Symphony no.5 in B flat Symphony no.5 in B flat Symphony no.5 in B flat Symphony no.5 in B flat
Anton Bruckner, Herbert Soudant & Sinfonia Varsovia
Symphony No. 4 in E flat major (Romantic)
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Symphony No. 4 in E flat major (Romantic) Symphony No. 4 in E flat major (Romantic) Symphony No. 4 in E flat major (Romantic) Symphony No. 4 in E flat major (Romantic)
Anton Bruckner, Krzysztof Szumanski, Herbert Soudant, Violetta Bielecka, Chorus of the Podlasie Opera and Philharmonic, Bialystok, Charles Kim, Rebecca Evans, Sinfonia Varsovia & Helena Zubanovich
Te Deum in C major
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Te Deum in C major Te Deum in C major Te Deum in C major Te Deum in C major

Te Deum in C major

Singer
Krzysztof Szumanski
Charles Kim
Rebecca Evans
Helena Zubanovich
Director
Violetta Bielecka
Choir
Chorus of the Podlasie Opera and Philharmonic, Bialystok
Matthew Best, Anton Bruckner & Corydon Singers
Ave Maria
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Ave Maria Ave Maria Ave Maria Ave Maria
Anton Bruckner, Christoph Eschenbach & NDR Symphony Orchestra
Symphony no. 6 in A major, WAB 106
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Symphony no. 6 in A major, WAB 106 Symphony no. 6 in A major, WAB 106 Symphony no. 6 in A major, WAB 106 Symphony no. 6 in A major, WAB 106
Anton Bruckner, Harry Christophers & The Sixteen
Locus iste - gradual for chorus
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Locus iste - gradual for chorus Locus iste - gradual for chorus Locus iste - gradual for chorus Locus iste - gradual for chorus
Anton Bruckner, BBC Symphony Orchestra & Leif Segerstam
Symphony no. 8 in C minor
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Symphony no. 8 in C minor Symphony no. 8 in C minor Symphony no. 8 in C minor Symphony no. 8 in C minor
Anton Bruckner, BBC Singers & James O'Donnell
Ave Maria
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Ave Maria Ave Maria Ave Maria Ave Maria
Anton Bruckner, BBC Singers & James O'Donnell
Christus factus est
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Christus factus est Christus factus est Christus factus est Christus factus est
Anton Bruckner, BBC Singers & James O'Donnell
Os justi
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Os justi Os justi Os justi Os justi
Anton Bruckner, BBC Singers & James O'Donnell
Locus iste
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Locus iste Locus iste Locus iste Locus iste
Anton Bruckner, Choir of Westminster Abbey & James O'Donnell
Os iusti meditabitur
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Os iusti meditabitur Os iusti meditabitur Os iusti meditabitur Os iusti meditabitur
Anton Bruckner, Caroline Westgeest & Mnemosyne Choir
Os justi - gradual for 8 voices
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Os justi - gradual for 8 voices Os justi - gradual for 8 voices Os justi - gradual for 8 voices Os justi - gradual for 8 voices
Anton Bruckner, Mariss Jansons & Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Symphony no 6: 3rd mvt Scherzo
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Symphony no 6: 3rd mvt Scherzo Symphony no 6: 3rd mvt Scherzo Symphony no 6: 3rd mvt Scherzo Symphony no 6: 3rd mvt Scherzo
Anton Bruckner, BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra & Donald Runnicles
Symphony no. 7 in E major: 3rd movement; Scherzo
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Symphony no. 7 in E major: 3rd movement; Scherzo Symphony no. 7 in E major: 3rd movement; Scherzo Symphony no. 7 in E major: 3rd movement; Scherzo Symphony no. 7 in E major: 3rd movement; Scherzo
Anton Bruckner, Radio Filharmonisch Orkest & Kurt Masur
Symphony no.3 in D minor rev. composer and Schalk [1888-9, ed Novak]
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Symphony no.3 in D minor rev. composer and Schalk [1888-9, ed Novak] Symphony no.3 in D minor rev. composer and Schalk [1888-9, ed Novak] Symphony no.3 in D minor rev. composer and Schalk [1888-9, ed Novak] Symphony no.3 in D minor rev. composer and Schalk [1888-9, ed Novak]
Anton Bruckner & Berliner Philharmoniker
Bruckner: Symphony no 7
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Bruckner: Symphony no 7 Bruckner: Symphony no 7 Bruckner: Symphony no 7 Bruckner: Symphony no 7
Anton Bruckner, Mariss Jansons & Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Symphony no. 7 in E major: 2nd movement; Adagio
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Symphony no. 7 in E major: 2nd movement; Adagio Symphony no. 7 in E major: 2nd movement; Adagio Symphony no. 7 in E major: 2nd movement; Adagio Symphony no. 7 in E major: 2nd movement; Adagio

Symphony no. 7 in E major: 2nd movement; Adagio

Orchestra
Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Last played on
Anton Bruckner, The London Classical Players & Sir Roger Norrington
Symphony No.3 in D minor: III.Scherzo - Ziemlich schnell
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Symphony No.3 in D minor: III.Scherzo - Ziemlich schnell Symphony No.3 in D minor: III.Scherzo - Ziemlich schnell Symphony No.3 in D minor: III.Scherzo - Ziemlich schnell Symphony No.3 in D minor: III.Scherzo - Ziemlich schnell
Anton Bruckner, Wiener Philharmoniker & Carlo Maria Giulini
Symphony No.9 in D minor (1st movement: Allegro)
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Symphony No.9 in D minor (1st movement: Allegro) Symphony No.9 in D minor (1st movement: Allegro) Symphony No.9 in D minor (1st movement: Allegro) Symphony No.9 in D minor (1st movement: Allegro)
Anton Bruckner, Netherlands Radio Choir, Kurt Moll, Hans Peter Blochwitz, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly, Ľuba Orgonášová & Nathalie Stutzmann
Mass No.3 in F minor 'Great' (1867-68)
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Mass No.3 in F minor 'Great' (1867-68) Mass No.3 in F minor 'Great' (1867-68) Mass No.3 in F minor 'Great' (1867-68) Mass No.3 in F minor 'Great' (1867-68)
Anton Bruckner, Berliner Philharmoniker & Sir Simon Rattle
Symphony No. 9: Finale (reconstructed)
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Symphony No. 9: Finale (reconstructed) Symphony No. 9: Finale (reconstructed) Symphony No. 9: Finale (reconstructed) Symphony No. 9: Finale (reconstructed)
Anton Bruckner, Iván Fischer & Budapest Symphony Orchestra
Symphony no. 7 in E major – 3rd mvt Scherzo
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Symphony no. 7 in E major – 3rd mvt Scherzo Symphony no. 7 in E major – 3rd mvt Scherzo Symphony no. 7 in E major – 3rd mvt Scherzo Symphony no. 7 in E major – 3rd mvt Scherzo

Symphony no. 7 in E major – 3rd mvt Scherzo

Conductor
Orchestra
Budapest Symphony Orchestra
Last played on
Polyphony, Anton Bruckner & Stephen Layton
Virga Jesse floruit - gradual for chorus
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Virga Jesse floruit - gradual for chorus Virga Jesse floruit - gradual for chorus Virga Jesse floruit - gradual for chorus Virga Jesse floruit - gradual for chorus
SWR Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra, Stéphane Denève & Anton Bruckner
Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" WAB.104 (1974)
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Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" WAB.104 (1974) Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" WAB.104 (1974) Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" WAB.104 (1974) Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" WAB.104 (1974)

Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic" WAB.104 (1974)

Orchestra
SWR Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
Zubin Mehta, Anton Bruckner, Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest
Symphony no. 8 in C minor
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Symphony no. 8 in C minor Symphony no. 8 in C minor Symphony no. 8 in C minor Symphony no. 8 in C minor
Philharmoniker Hamburg, Simone Young & Anton Bruckner
Symphony no. 6 in A major - 3rd mvt (Scherzo)
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Symphony no. 6 in A major - 3rd mvt (Scherzo) Symphony no. 6 in A major - 3rd mvt (Scherzo) Symphony no. 6 in A major - 3rd mvt (Scherzo) Symphony no. 6 in A major - 3rd mvt (Scherzo)
Bernard Haitink, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra & Anton Bruckner
Symphony No.7
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Symphony No.7 Symphony No.7 Symphony No.7 Symphony No.7
Anton Bruckner, Melos Quartett & Enrique Santiago
Quintet in F major for strings
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Quintet in F major for strings Quintet in F major for strings Quintet in F major for strings Quintet in F major for strings
Anton Bruckner, Manchester Chamber Choir & Justin Doyle
Motets
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Motets Motets Motets Motets
Polyphony, Stephen Layton, Britten Sinfonia & Anton Bruckner
Agnus Dei from Mass no. 2 in E minor
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Agnus Dei from Mass no. 2 in E minor Agnus Dei from Mass no. 2 in E minor Agnus Dei from Mass no. 2 in E minor Agnus Dei from Mass no. 2 in E minor
Polyphony, Stephen Layton, Britten Sinfonia & Anton Bruckner
Kyrie and Gloria from Mass no. 2 in E minor
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Kyrie and Gloria from Mass no. 2 in E minor Kyrie and Gloria from Mass no. 2 in E minor Kyrie and Gloria from Mass no. 2 in E minor Kyrie and Gloria from Mass no. 2 in E minor
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