Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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1840-05-07
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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Biography (Wikipedia)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский; tr. Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky; 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893), often anglicized as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer of the late-Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1884, by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension.

Although musically precocious, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant. There was scant opportunity for a musical career in Russia at that time and no system of public music education. When an opportunity for such an education arose, he entered the nascent Saint Petersburg Conservatory, from which he graduated in 1865. The formal Western-oriented teaching he received there set him apart from composers of the contemporary nationalist movement embodied by the Russian composers of The Five, with whom his professional relationship was mixed. Tchaikovsky's training set him on a path to reconcile what he had learned with the native musical practices to which he had been exposed from childhood. From this reconciliation, he forged a personal but unmistakably Russian style—a task that did not prove easy. The principles that governed melody, harmony and other fundamentals of Russian music ran completely counter to those that governed Western European music; this seemed to defeat the potential for using Russian music in large-scale Western composition or from forming a composite style, and it caused personal antipathies that dented Tchaikovsky's self-confidence. Russian culture exhibited a split personality, with its native and adopted elements having drifted apart increasingly since the time of Peter the Great. This resulted in uncertainty among the intelligentsia about the...

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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Audio & Video


Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Performances

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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Francesca da Rimini
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Francesca da Rimini
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairies
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Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairies
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Valse-scherzo in C major Op.34, arr. for violin and piano [orig. for violin and orchestra]
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Valse-scherzo in C major Op.34, arr. for violin and piano [orig. for violin and orchestra]
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Grand pas de deux (Nutcracker)
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Grand pas de deux (Nutcracker)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Grand Pas de deux from The Nutcracker
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Grand Pas de deux from The Nutcracker
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Fantasy-Overture 'Romeo and Juliet' (Proms 2016)
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Fantasy-Overture 'Romeo and Juliet' (Proms 2016)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Twill soon be midnight - aria from 'Pique Dame'
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Twill soon be midnight - aria from 'Pique Dame'
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Pauline's aria from Queen of Spades - Podrugi milyye
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Pauline's aria from Queen of Spades - Podrugi milyye
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Romeo and Juliet - fantasy overture vers. standard
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Romeo and Juliet - fantasy overture vers. standard
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Vaudemont's Romance, from Iolanta, (Op. 69)
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Vaudemont's Romance, from Iolanta, (Op. 69)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
The Seasons: July (Song of the Reaper)
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The Seasons: July (Song of the Reaper)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Waltz from The Sleeping Beauty
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Waltz from The Sleeping Beauty
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
EUGENE ONEGIN Op.24 - Polonaise
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EUGENE ONEGIN Op.24 - Polonaise
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Waltz from Sleeping Beauty (Op.66)
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Waltz from Sleeping Beauty (Op.66)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
18 Pieces for piano (Op.72), no.15; Un Poco di Chopin
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18 Pieces for piano (Op.72), no.15; Un Poco di Chopin
Playlists featuring Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Essential Classics: Guest Choices
Essential Classics: Guest Choices
Radio 3 Breakfast: Music Box
Radio 3 Breakfast: Music Box
BBC Orchestras and Choirs
BBC Orchestras and Choirs
Proms 2016 Preview
Proms 2016 Preview

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