Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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1840-05-07
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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский; tr. Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky; 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893), often anglicized as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer of the late-Romantic period, some of whose works are among the ...

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Biography

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский; tr. Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky; 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893), often anglicized as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer of the late-Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1884 by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension.

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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Nutcracker: Dances caractéristiques, Op.71 from the ballet suite
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Nutcracker: Dances caractéristiques, Op.71 from the ballet suite
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Symphony No 4 in F minor, Op 36 (Andante sostenuto. Moderato con anima)
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Symphony No 4 in F minor, Op 36 (Andante sostenuto. Moderato con anima)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
1812 overture (Op.49)
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1812 overture (Op.49)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op.74 'Pathétique'
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Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op.74 'Pathétique'
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Sugar Plum
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Sugar Plum
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Sleeping Beauty: Bluebird Pas de deux
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Sleeping Beauty: Bluebird Pas de deux
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Souvenir de Florence (Op.70), 4th mvt; Allegro vivace
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Souvenir de Florence (Op.70), 4th mvt; Allegro vivace
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
The Sleeping Beauty
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The Sleeping Beauty
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Symphony no. 5 in E minor, Op.64
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Symphony no. 5 in E minor, Op.64
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Violin Concerto in D major (Op.35), 3rd mvt; Finale (Allegro vivacissimo)
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Violin Concerto in D major (Op.35), 3rd mvt; Finale (Allegro vivacissimo)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Serenade for strings Op.48, 1st mvt
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Serenade for strings Op.48, 1st mvt
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy
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Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Extracts from The Sleeping Beauty
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Extracts from The Sleeping Beauty
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Sleeping Beauty: Waltz
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Sleeping Beauty: Waltz
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Echo rustique, Op 72 No 13
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Echo rustique, Op 72 No 13
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Serenade in C major Op.48 for string orchestra: Waltz
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Serenade in C major Op.48 for string orchestra: Waltz
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
6 Morceaux Op.19 for piano; no.2; Scherzo humoristique (Allegro vivacissimo)
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6 Morceaux Op.19 for piano; no.2; Scherzo humoristique (Allegro vivacissimo)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Lullaby (Op.16/1)
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Lullaby (Op.16/1)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Suite No.4 in G major for orchestra (Op.61), 'Mozartiana'
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Suite No.4 in G major for orchestra (Op.61), 'Mozartiana'
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Concerto No. 1 In B Flat Minor Op.23 For Piano And Orchestra
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Concerto No. 1 In B Flat Minor Op.23 For Piano And Orchestra
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Sonata In G Major Op.37 For Piano (iv. Finale)
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Sonata In G Major Op.37 For Piano (iv. Finale)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor, Op 23 (Allegro con fuoco)
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Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor, Op 23 (Allegro con fuoco)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Serenade in C major Op.48 for string orchestra
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Serenade in C major Op.48 for string orchestra
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Romeo and Juliet - fantasy overture
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Romeo and Juliet - fantasy overture
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
The Nutcracker - suite (Op.71a); no.1; Miniature overture
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The Nutcracker - suite (Op.71a); no.1; Miniature overture
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
The Seasons: January - By the Hearth
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The Seasons: January - By the Hearth
Add music you love and enjoy it
Playlists featuring Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Radio 3 Breakfast: Music Box
Radio 3 Breakfast: Music Box
Essential Classics: Guest Choices
Essential Classics: Guest Choices
BBC Proms 2015: Katie Derham Curates
BBC Proms 2015: Katie Derham Curates
20 Years of Private Passions
20 Years of Private Passions


Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Biography

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский; tr. Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky; 25 April/7 May 1840 – 25 October/6 November 1893), often anglicized as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer of the late-Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1884 by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension.

Although musically precocious, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant. There was scant opportunity for a musical career in Russia at that time and no system of public music education. When an opportunity for such an education arose, he entered the nascent Saint Petersburg Conservatory, from which he graduated in 1865. The formal Western-oriented teaching he received there set him apart from composers of the contemporary nationalist movement embodied by the Russian composers of The Five, with whom his professional relationship was mixed. Tchaikovsky's training set him on a path to reconcile what he had learned with the native musical practices to which he had been exposed from childhood. From this reconciliation, he forged a personal but unmistakably Russian style—a task that did not prove easy. The principles that governed melody, harmony and other fundamentals of Russian music ran completely counter to those that governed Western European music; this seemed to defeat the potential for using Russian music in large-scale Western composition or from forming a composite style, and it caused personal antipathies that dented Tchaikovsky's self-confidence. Russian culture exhibited a split personality, with its native and adopted elements having drifted apart increasingly since the time of Peter the Great. This resulted in uncertainty among the intelligentsia about the country'

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