Operation Ivy was an American ska punk band, formed in Berkeley, California in 1987. The group is often credited with spurring the 1990s punk revival in California and was one of the first bands to "mix" hardcore punk with elements of ska, known as "ska-core". The band consisted of Jesse Michaels (lead vocals), Tim Armstrong (credited as "Lint") (guitar, vocals), Matt Freeman (credited as "Matt McCall") (bass, vocals), and Dave Mello (drums). Although Operation Ivy released only one studio album, Energy, and had little mainstream success during its career, the band had a large underground cult following and influenced bands such as Sublime and Green Day. The band's name, previously used by contemporary Berkeley punk band Isocracy, was derived from the Operation Ivy series of nuclear tests.
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