Music
Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born on 7 July 1860 in the Bohemian town of Kaliste, Gustav Mahler was the second of 14 children of a Jewish distillery-owner. His parents were ill-matched, but his father at least recognised his son’s musical talents. Gustav gave his ...

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Biography

Born on 7 July 1860 in the Bohemian town of Kaliste, Gustav Mahler was the second of 14 children of a Jewish distillery-owner. His parents were ill-matched, but his father at least recognised his son’s musical talents.

Gustav gave his first piano recital at the age of 10, and five years later was taken to the Vienna Conservatory to play for Julius Epstein. He pronounced the 15-year-old ‘a born musician’. Accepted into the conservatory, Mahler made friends with fellow-students Hans Rott and Hugo Wolf, became a devotee of Wagner’s music and Nietzsche’s philosophy, and a supporter of Anton Bruckner. In 1878 he began his first major work, Das klagende Lied (‘The Song of Sorrow’), in which many of the distinctive features of his mature style can already be heard.

Mahler’s career as a conductor began unpromisingly, conducting operetta at the Austrian provincial theatre of Bad Hall, but his obvious talent led to successive appointments at Olmütz, Kassel, Prague, Leipzig, Budapest, Hamburg and, in 1897, the Vienna Court Opera. There he was lauded by many but persecuted by the city’s strong anti-Semitic faction, forcing his resignation in 1907 – the year that he was diagnosed with the serious heart condition that was to kill him four years later.

Mahler left Europe for New York, making his Metropolitan Opera debut on 1 January 1908 and becoming conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in 1909, though he returned to Vienna to die.

In the midst of this demanding schedule, he composed whenever he could. His first important works were songs and song-cycles, notably Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (‘Songs of a Wayfaring Lad’, 1883–5) and the settings of folk or folk-inspired poems from the 19th-century collection Des Knaben Wunderhorn (‘The Youth’s Magic Horn’, 1888–1901).

Still more impressive are the grief-saturated Kindertotenlieder (‘Songs on the Deaths of Children’, 1901–4) and the great ‘song-symphony’ Das Lied von der Erde (‘The Song of the Earth’, 1908–9). Mahler also completed nine symphonies, and left a 10th in sketch score. For Mahler the symphony had to be ‘like the world – it must embrace everything’, and even those that have neither sung texts nor programmes appear to invite programmatic or philosophical interpretations.

Though in many respects a post-Wagnerian Romantic, Mahler became increasingly forward-looking, and it is no surprise that 20th-century composers as diverse as Schoenberg, Berg, Shostakovich, Britten, Henze and Boulez have all acknowledged an abiding debt to him.

Profile © Stephen Johnson

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Symphony No.3: 5th mvt
Symphony No.3: 5th mvt
Symphony No.3: 5th mvt
Composer
Performer
Bamberg Cathedral Boys Choir
Jonathan Nott
Mihoko Fujimura
Bamberg S O.
Bamberg Symphony Chorus
Symphony No.4
Symphony No.4
Des Knaben Wunderhorn vers. for voice & orch, no.10; Lob des hohen Verstandes
Des Knaben Wunderhorn vers. for voice & orch, no.10; Lob des hohen Verstandes
Des Knaben Wunderhorn vers. for voice & orch, no.10; Lob des hohen Verstandes
Composer
Conductor
Berlin Philharmonic
Claudio Abbado
Singer
Symphony No. 1: 1st movement
Symphony No. 1: 1st movement
Symphony No. 1: 1st movement
Composer
Conductor
Orchestra
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
Ruckert Lieder - Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
Ruckert Lieder - Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
Ruckert Lieder - Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
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