Gioachino Rossini
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1792-02-29
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/846be3c9-5f94-46ab-97b9-531335dd3658
Gioachino Rossini Gioachino Rossini Gioachino Rossini Gioachino Rossini

Biography

The most popular, successful and influential opera composer of the first half of the 19th century, Gioachino Rossini undertook the titanic task of dragging the cumbersome and moribund forms of 18th-century Italian opera into a new era. In the process, ...

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Biography

The most popular, successful and influential opera composer of the first half of the 19th century, Gioachino Rossini undertook the titanic task of dragging the cumbersome and moribund forms of 18th-century Italian opera into a new era. In the process, it took him just three weeks of 1816 to create in The Barber of Seville one of the all-time masterpieces of comic opera. That was just one of his 38 stage works in all the major contemporary genres.

Unlike that other giant of 19th century Italian opera, Giuseppe Verdi, Rossini chose to take early retirement from the theatrical world – at the age of only 37 – and to devote the remaining 40 years of his life to the other great passion of his life – food. We owe the Tournedos Rossini to his inspiration. The only musical products of his later life were the delightful series of salon pieces which he called Péchés de vieillesse (‘Sins of Old Age’, 1857–68) and two sacred works, the Stabat mater (1841) and his ‘last mortal sin’, the Petite messe solennelle (1863) for two solo voices, two pianos and harmonium.

Born in 1792 in Pesaro, the son of a horn player and a singer, Rossini began to compose as a child, and was commissioned to write his first opera at the age of 15. Further commissions followed; several from the Teatro San Moïse in Venice for a series of one-act farse including The Silken Ladder (1812) and Signor Bruschino (1813). Rossini rarely took more than a month or so to prepare each of his early operas, and between 1810 and 1822 he turned out a steady flow of works, both comic and serious, for production in Venice, Milan, Naples and Rome.

Of these, The Barber of Seville was a disappointing failure at its Rome premiere in 1816, but the following year Rossini bounced back with La Cenerentola (‘Cinderella’), closely followed by La gazza ladra (‘The Thieving Magpie’) for Milan. His greatest opere serie were written for Naples between 1817 and 1822: they included Mosè in Egitto (‘Moses in Egypt’), La donna del lago (‘The Lady of the Lake’), Maometto II and Zelmira. Semiramide, written in 1823, marked the end of Rossini’s Italian career. He was by then so famous that he could no longer resist tempting offers from abroad, and the same year he left for Paris. He had 34 operas to his credit, and was still only 31 years old.

Over the next six years he wrote his final compositions for the Paris stage; they included a revision of Mosè in Egitto as Moïse (1827), Count Ory (1828) and William Tell (1829), his last and arguably finest operatic work. Opera owes to Rossini the evolution of new musical forms in the service of the drama: in particular, the expansion and integration of the function of the chorus; the development of the coloratura aria; the introduction of new subjectmatter to revitalise the stereotypes of opera seria; and the creation of brilliant overtures able to take their place in the concert repertory.

Profile © Wendy Thompson

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Gioachino Rossini, Fabio Luisi & Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper
William Tell - Act 3: Soldiers' Dance
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William Tell - Act 3: Soldiers' Dance William Tell - Act 3: Soldiers' Dance William Tell - Act 3: Soldiers' Dance William Tell - Act 3: Soldiers' Dance
Gioachino Rossini & Juan Diego Flórez
Selection of Arias
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Selection of Arias Selection of Arias Selection of Arias Selection of Arias
Gioachino Rossini, Sir Neville Marriner & Academy of St Martin in the Fields
La Cenerentola - Overture
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La Cenerentola - Overture La Cenerentola - Overture La Cenerentola - Overture La Cenerentola - Overture
Georges Sébastian, Maria Callas, Gioachino Rossini & Paris National Theatre Opera Orchestra
Una voce poco fa, Il barbiere di Siviglia
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Una voce poco fa, Il barbiere di Siviglia Una voce poco fa, Il barbiere di Siviglia Una voce poco fa, Il barbiere di Siviglia Una voce poco fa, Il barbiere di Siviglia
Antonio Pappano, Gioachino Rossini & Orchestra dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia
Il Signor Bruschino, ossia Il figlio per azzardo - opera in 1 act: overture
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Il Signor Bruschino, ossia Il figlio per azzardo - opera in 1 act: overture Il Signor Bruschino, ossia Il figlio per azzardo - opera in 1 act: overture Il Signor Bruschino, ossia Il figlio per azzardo - opera in 1 act: overture Il Signor Bruschino, ossia Il figlio per azzardo - opera in 1 act: overture
All-Union Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra, Gioachino Rossini & Günter Pichler
Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia
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Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia

Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia

Orchestra
Slovenian Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra
Gioachino Rossini & Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
Overture to Il Turco in Italia
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Overture to Il Turco in Italia Overture to Il Turco in Italia Overture to Il Turco in Italia Overture to Il Turco in Italia
Gioachino Rossini, BBC Philharmonic & Juanjo Mena
Silken Ladder: Overture
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Silken Ladder: Overture Silken Ladder: Overture Silken Ladder: Overture Silken Ladder: Overture
Gioachino Rossini, BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Thomas Sondergard & Jongmin Park
Il Barbiere di Siviglia - opera in 2 acts
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Il Barbiere di Siviglia - opera in 2 acts Il Barbiere di Siviglia - opera in 2 acts Il Barbiere di Siviglia - opera in 2 acts Il Barbiere di Siviglia - opera in 2 acts
Gioachino Rossini, Romanian National Chamber Orchestra & Ludovic Bács
Sonata No.1 in G major for string orchestra
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Sonata No.1 in G major for string orchestra Sonata No.1 in G major for string orchestra Sonata No.1 in G major for string orchestra Sonata No.1 in G major for string orchestra

Sonata No.1 in G major for string orchestra

Orchestra
Romanian National Chamber Orchestra
Conductor
Gioachino Rossini, Philharmonia Orchestra & Carlo Maria Giulini
Cenerentola overture
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Cenerentola overture Cenerentola overture Cenerentola overture Cenerentola overture
Gioachino Rossini, Angelico Francesco, BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Ruby Hughes
Assisa a pie d'un salice (Otello - Willow Song)
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Assisa a pie d'un salice (Otello - Willow Song) Assisa a pie d'un salice (Otello - Willow Song) Assisa a pie d'un salice (Otello - Willow Song) Assisa a pie d'un salice (Otello - Willow Song)
Gioachino Rossini, Angelico Francesco & BBC National Orchestra of Wales
Barber of Seville Overture
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Barber of Seville Overture Barber of Seville Overture Barber of Seville Overture Barber of Seville Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Riccardo Chailly & Orchestra & Chorus of Teatro Alla Scala, Milan
The Barber of Seville Overture
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The Barber of Seville Overture The Barber of Seville Overture The Barber of Seville Overture The Barber of Seville Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Niyazi Tagizade-Hajibeyov, Muslim Magomayev & Large USSR State Television and Radio Symphony Orchestra
Largo al factotum (Barber of Seville)
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Largo al factotum (Barber of Seville) Largo al factotum (Barber of Seville) Largo al factotum (Barber of Seville) Largo al factotum (Barber of Seville)

Largo al factotum (Barber of Seville)

Conductor
Niyazi Tagizade-Hajibeyov
Singer
Muslim Magomayev
Orchestra
Large USSR State Television and Radio Symphony Orchestra
Gioachino Rossini, Orchestra della RCA Italiana, Carlo Felice Cillario & Montserrat Caballé
Stabat Mater: Inflammatus et Accensus
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Stabat Mater: Inflammatus et Accensus Stabat Mater: Inflammatus et Accensus Stabat Mater: Inflammatus et Accensus Stabat Mater: Inflammatus et Accensus
Gioachino Rossini, Niyazi Tagizade-Hajibeyov, Muslim Magomayev & Great Symphony Orchestra of the All-Union Radio
The Barber of Seville - Largo al factotum (Figaro's cavatina)
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The Barber of Seville - Largo al factotum (Figaro's cavatina) The Barber of Seville - Largo al factotum (Figaro's cavatina) The Barber of Seville - Largo al factotum (Figaro's cavatina) The Barber of Seville - Largo al factotum (Figaro's cavatina)

The Barber of Seville - Largo al factotum (Figaro's cavatina)

Conductor
Niyazi Tagizade-Hajibeyov
Singer
Muslim Magomayev
Last played on
Gioachino Rossini, Filarmonica del Teatro Comunale di Bologna & Riccardo Chailly
Serenata in E flat
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Serenata in E flat Serenata in E flat Serenata in E flat Serenata in E flat
Gioachino Rossini & Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
Overture, La Scala di Seta
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Overture, La Scala di Seta Overture, La Scala di Seta Overture, La Scala di Seta Overture, La Scala di Seta
Gioachino Rossini, BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Richard Hickox
Overture to L' Italiana in Algeri
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Overture to L' Italiana in Algeri Overture to L' Italiana in Algeri Overture to L' Italiana in Algeri Overture to L' Italiana in Algeri
Claudio Abbado, Gioachino Rossini & London Symphony Orchestra
Overture: The Italian Girl in Algiers
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Overture: The Italian Girl in Algiers Overture: The Italian Girl in Algiers Overture: The Italian Girl in Algiers Overture: The Italian Girl in Algiers
Munich Radio Orchestra, Simon Keenlyside, Gioachino Rossini & Ulf Schirmer
Largo al Factotum from The Barber of Seville
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Largo al Factotum from The Barber of Seville Largo al Factotum from The Barber of Seville Largo al Factotum from The Barber of Seville Largo al Factotum from The Barber of Seville
Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Ottorino Respighi, Gioachino Rossini & Charles Dutoit
La Boutique Fantastique: Galop
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La Boutique Fantastique: Galop La Boutique Fantastique: Galop La Boutique Fantastique: Galop La Boutique Fantastique: Galop
Gioachino Rossini, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe & Claudio Abbado
Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture
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Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Nello Santi & Orchestra della Svizzera italiana
L' Italiana in Algeri - overture
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L' Italiana in Algeri - overture L' Italiana in Algeri - overture L' Italiana in Algeri - overture L' Italiana in Algeri - overture
Gioachino Rossini, Jessica Pratt & Vincenzo Scalera
La fioraia fiorentina
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La fioraia fiorentina La fioraia fiorentina La fioraia fiorentina La fioraia fiorentina
Mindaugas Gecevicius, Ala Bendoraitiene & Gioachino Rossini
Prelude, theme and variations for horn and piano in E major
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Prelude, theme and variations for horn and piano in E major Prelude, theme and variations for horn and piano in E major Prelude, theme and variations for horn and piano in E major Prelude, theme and variations for horn and piano in E major

Prelude, theme and variations for horn and piano in E major

Performer
Mindaugas Gecevicius
Ala Bendoraitiene
Gioachino Rossini, The Cleveland Orchestra & George Szell
L'Italiana in Algeri: Overture
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L'Italiana in Algeri: Overture L'Italiana in Algeri: Overture L'Italiana in Algeri: Overture L'Italiana in Algeri: Overture
The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Gioachino Rossini & Claudio Abbado
La Gazza ladra [The thieving magpie] - Overture
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La Gazza ladra [The thieving magpie] - Overture La Gazza ladra [The thieving magpie] - Overture La Gazza ladra [The thieving magpie] - Overture La Gazza ladra [The thieving magpie] - Overture
Gioachino Rossini & Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
L’inganno felice: overture [opera overture]
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L’inganno felice: overture [opera overture] L’inganno felice: overture [opera overture] L’inganno felice: overture [opera overture] L’inganno felice: overture [opera overture]
Vojtech Samec, Josef Illes, Gioachino Rossini, Jozef Luptáčik & František Machats
Quartet for flute, clarinet, horn and bassoon no.6 in F major
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Quartet for flute, clarinet, horn and bassoon no.6 in F major Quartet for flute, clarinet, horn and bassoon no.6 in F major Quartet for flute, clarinet, horn and bassoon no.6 in F major Quartet for flute, clarinet, horn and bassoon no.6 in F major
Gioachino Rossini, Edoardo Müller, Joyce DiDonato & Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia Rome Orchestra
La Donna del lago - opera in 2 acts
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La Donna del lago - opera in 2 acts La Donna del lago - opera in 2 acts La Donna del lago - opera in 2 acts La Donna del lago - opera in 2 acts
Claudio Abbado, Gioachino Rossini & The Chamber Orchestra of Europe
Overture - The Silken Ladder
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Overture - The Silken Ladder Overture - The Silken Ladder Overture - The Silken Ladder Overture - The Silken Ladder
Gioachino Rossini, Orchestra filarmonica della Scala & Riccardo Chailly
Il Signor Bruschino - Overture
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Il Signor Bruschino - Overture Il Signor Bruschino - Overture Il Signor Bruschino - Overture Il Signor Bruschino - Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Münchener Kammerorchester & Alexander Liebreich
L' Inganno felice, Overture
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L' Inganno felice, Overture L' Inganno felice, Overture L' Inganno felice, Overture L' Inganno felice, Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Orchestra filarmonica della Scala & Riccardo Chailly
William Tell Overture
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William Tell Overture William Tell Overture William Tell Overture William Tell Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Iván Fischer & Budapest Festival Orchestra
Variazioni a piu instrumenti obbligati
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Variazioni a piu instrumenti obbligati Variazioni a piu instrumenti obbligati Variazioni a piu instrumenti obbligati Variazioni a piu instrumenti obbligati
Gioachino Rossini, The King's Consort & Robert King
Petite Messe solonnelle: Kyrie; Crucifixus; Cum Sancto Spirito
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Petite Messe solonnelle: Kyrie; Crucifixus; Cum Sancto Spirito Petite Messe solonnelle: Kyrie; Crucifixus; Cum Sancto Spirito Petite Messe solonnelle: Kyrie; Crucifixus; Cum Sancto Spirito Petite Messe solonnelle: Kyrie; Crucifixus; Cum Sancto Spirito
Paul Watkins, BBC Philharmonic & Gioachino Rossini
William Tell - Overture
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William Tell - Overture William Tell - Overture William Tell - Overture William Tell - Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Gabriele Gemignani, Antonio Pappano & Orchestra dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia
William Tell - Overture
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William Tell - Overture William Tell - Overture William Tell - Overture William Tell - Overture
Gioachino Rossini, Chicago Symphony Orchestra & Fritz Reiner
La gazza ladra; overture
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La gazza ladra; overture La gazza ladra; overture La gazza ladra; overture La gazza ladra; overture
Gioachino Rossini, Roberto Abbado, Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia Rome Orchestra & Juan Diego Flórez
Ah! Come nascondere from La Donna del Lago
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Ah! Come nascondere from La Donna del Lago Ah! Come nascondere from La Donna del Lago Ah! Come nascondere from La Donna del Lago Ah! Come nascondere from La Donna del Lago

Ah! Come nascondere from La Donna del Lago

Orchestra
Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia Rome Orchestra
Last played on
Gioachino Rossini, Orchestra dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Edoardo Müller, Joyce DiDonato & Coro dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia
La Donna del lago - Act 2; Tanti affetti in tal momento [Ellen]
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La Donna del lago -  Act 2; Tanti affetti in tal momento [Ellen] La Donna del lago -  Act 2; Tanti affetti in tal momento [Ellen] La Donna del lago -  Act 2; Tanti affetti in tal momento [Ellen] La Donna del lago -  Act 2; Tanti affetti in tal momento [Ellen]
Gioachino Rossini, Choir of New College Oxford & Edward Higginbottom
O salutaris hostia for chorus [1857]
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O salutaris hostia for chorus [1857] O salutaris hostia for chorus [1857] O salutaris hostia for chorus [1857] O salutaris hostia for chorus [1857]
Gioachino Rossini, Accentus, Chamber Orchestra of Paris & Ottavio Dantone
Petite messe solennelle vers. with orchestra: Gloria; Cum Sancto Spiritu
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Petite messe solennelle vers. with orchestra: Gloria; Cum Sancto Spiritu Petite messe solennelle vers. with orchestra: Gloria; Cum Sancto Spiritu Petite messe solennelle vers. with orchestra: Gloria; Cum Sancto Spiritu Petite messe solennelle vers. with orchestra: Gloria; Cum Sancto Spiritu

Petite messe solennelle vers. with orchestra: Gloria; Cum Sancto Spiritu

Orchestra
Chamber Orchestra of Paris
Last played on
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