Gioachino Rossini
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1792-02-29
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Gioachino Rossini

Gioachino Rossini Biography (BBC)

The most popular, successful and influential opera composer of the first half of the 19th century, Gioachino Rossini undertook the titanic task of dragging the cumbersome and moribund forms of 18th-century Italian opera into a new era. In the process, it took him just three weeks of 1816 to create in The Barber of Seville one of the all-time masterpieces of comic opera. That was just one of his 38 stage works in all the major contemporary genres.

Unlike that other giant of 19th century Italian opera, Giuseppe Verdi, Rossini chose to take early retirement from the theatrical world – at the age of only 37 – and to devote the remaining 40 years of his life to the other great passion of his life – food. We owe the Tournedos Rossini to his inspiration. The only musical products of his later life were the delightful series of salon pieces which he called Péchés de vieillesse (‘Sins of Old Age’, 1857–68) and two sacred works, the Stabat mater (1841) and his ‘last mortal sin’, the Petite messe solennelle (1863) for two solo voices, two pianos and harmonium.

Born in 1792 in Pesaro, the son of a horn player and a singer, Rossini began to compose as a child, and was commissioned to write his first opera at the age of 15. Further commissions followed; several from the Teatro San Moïse in Venice for a series of one-act farse including The Silken Ladder (1812) and Signor Bruschino (1813). Rossini rarely took more than a month or so to prepare each of his early operas, and between 1810 and 1822 he turned out a steady flow of works, both comic and serious, for production in Venice, Milan, Naples and Rome.

Of these, The Barber of Seville was a disappointing failure at its Rome premiere in 1816, but the following year Rossini bounced back with La Cenerentola (‘Cinderella’), closely followed by La gazza ladra (‘The Thieving Magpie’) for Milan. His greatest opere serie were written for Naples between 1817 and 1822: they included Mosè in Egitto (‘Moses in Egypt’), La donna del lago (‘The Lady of the Lake’), Maometto II and Zelmira. Semiramide, written in 1823, marked the end of Rossini’s Italian career. He was by then so famous that he could no longer resist tempting offers from abroad, and the same year he left for Paris. He had 34 operas to his credit, and was still only 31 years old.

Over the next six years he wrote his final compositions for the Paris stage; they included a revision of Mosè in Egitto as Moïse (1827), Count Ory (1828) and William Tell (1829), his last and arguably finest operatic work. Opera owes to Rossini the evolution of new musical forms in the service of the drama: in particular, the expansion and integration of the function of the chorus; the development of the coloratura aria; the introduction of new subjectmatter to revitalise the stereotypes of opera seria; and the creation of brilliant overtures able to take their place in the concert repertory.

Profile © Wendy Thompson

Gioachino Rossini Biography (Wikipedia)

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as sacred music, chamber music, songs, and some instrumental and piano pieces.

His best-known operas include the Italian comedies Il barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville) and La Cenerentola (Cinderella), and the French-language epics Moïse et Pharaon and Guillaume Tell (William Tell). A tendency for inspired, song-like melodies is evident throughout his scores, which led to the nickname "The Italian Mozart".

Until his retirement in 1829, Rossini had been the most popular opera composer in history. He is quoted as joking, "Give me the laundress' bill and I will even set that to music."[clarification needed]

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Gioachino Rossini Audio & Video


Gioachino Rossini Performances

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Gioachino Rossini
Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture
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Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture
Gioachino Rossini
L'Italiana in Algeri: Overture
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L'Italiana in Algeri: Overture
Gioachino Rossini
William Tell Overture
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William Tell Overture
Gioachino Rossini
Il Barbiere di Siviglia; Act I sc.2; La calunnia e un venticello ;(Don Basilio)
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Il Barbiere di Siviglia; Act I sc.2; La calunnia e un venticello ;(Don Basilio)
Gioachino Rossini
La Scala di seta [The silken ladder] - Overture
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La Scala di seta [The silken ladder] - Overture
Gioachino Rossini
Overture to The Thieving Magpie
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Overture to The Thieving Magpie
Gioachino Rossini
Duet for two cats
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Duet for two cats
Gioachino Rossini
Una voce poco fa - from 'Il Barbiere di Siviglia' [arr for trumpet and orch]
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Una voce poco fa - from 'Il Barbiere di Siviglia' [arr for trumpet and orch]
Gioachino Rossini
Cavatina Semiramide
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Cavatina Semiramide
Gioachino Rossini
Il Turco in Italia - Overture (Sinfonia)
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Il Turco in Italia - Overture (Sinfonia)
Gioachino Rossini
Petite messe solennelle (Proms 2016)
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Petite messe solennelle (Proms 2016)
Gioachino Rossini
Quartet for flute, clarinet, horn and bassoon no.6 in F major
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Quartet for flute, clarinet, horn and bassoon no.6 in F major
Gioachino Rossini
Italian Girl in Algiers: Overture
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Italian Girl in Algiers: Overture
Gioachino Rossini
Overture from Il Barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville)
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Overture from Il Barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville)
Gioachino Rossini
William Tell - Act 3: Soldiers' Dance
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William Tell - Act 3: Soldiers' Dance
Gioachino Rossini
Barber of Seville - Overture
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Barber of Seville - Overture
Gioachino Rossini
Stabat Mater
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Stabat Mater

Stabat Mater

Composer
Gioachino Rossini
Giovanni Tadolini
Choir
Camerata Bach Choir
Orchestra
Wurttemberg Philharmonic Orchestra
Conductor
Antonino Fogliani
Gioachino Rossini
La Scala di seta [The silken ladder] - Overture
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La Scala di seta [The silken ladder] - Overture
Gioachino Rossini
Overture: L'Italiana in Algeri
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Overture: L'Italiana in Algeri
Gioachino Rossini
William Tell - Overture
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William Tell - Overture
Gioachino Rossini
The Barber of Seville (Proms 2016)
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The Barber of Seville (Proms 2016)
Gioachino Rossini
Kyrie (Petite Messe Solennelle)
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Kyrie (Petite Messe Solennelle)
Gioachino Rossini
Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Largo al Factotum
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Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Largo al Factotum
Gioachino Rossini
Kyrie eleison & Christie eleison from Petite Messe Solennelle
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Kyrie eleison & Christie eleison from Petite Messe Solennelle
Gioachino Rossini
The Thieving Magpie Overture
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The Thieving Magpie Overture
Gioachino Rossini
String Sonata No.2 in A major
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String Sonata No.2 in A major
Gioachino Rossini
Sonata for strings No.5 in E flat major
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Sonata for strings No.5 in E flat major
Gioachino Rossini
Overture from La Scala di seta (The silken ladder)
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Overture from La Scala di seta (The silken ladder)
Gioachino Rossini
'Una Voce Poco Fa' (Barber of Seville)
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'Una Voce Poco Fa' (Barber of Seville)
Gioachino Rossini
Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia
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Overture to Il Barbiere di Siviglia
Gioachino Rossini
Quartet no.1 in F major for flute, clarinet, bassoon and horn
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Quartet no.1 in F major for flute, clarinet, bassoon and horn
Gioachino Rossini
Il Signor Bruschino - Overture
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Il Signor Bruschino - Overture
Gioachino Rossini
Sonata a quattro no. 1 in G major
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Sonata a quattro no. 1 in G major
Gioachino Rossini
Introduction and theme and variations
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Introduction and theme and variations

Introduction and theme and variations

Performer
Laszlo Horvath
Orchestra
The Hungarian Radio Orchestra
Gioachino Rossini
Ecco ridente in cielo (from "Il barbiere di Siviglia")
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Ecco ridente in cielo (from "Il barbiere di Siviglia")

Ecco ridente in cielo (from "Il barbiere di Siviglia")

Singer
Mark Dubois
Orchestra
Kitchener Waterloo Symphony Orchestra
Gioachino Rossini
Duetto buffo di due gatti
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Duetto buffo di due gatti

Duetto buffo di due gatti

Performer
Elizabeth Soderstrom (soprano)
Kerstin Meyer (mezzo-soprano)
Jan Eyron (piano)
Gioachino Rossini
Overture to La Gazza ladra [The thieving magpie]
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Overture to La Gazza ladra [The thieving magpie]
Gioachino Rossini
Overture to Semiramide
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Overture to Semiramide
Gioachino Rossini
Overture to William Tell
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Overture to William Tell
Gioachino Rossini
Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Trio: Ah! qual colpo inaspettato!
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Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Trio: Ah! qual colpo inaspettato!
Gioachino Rossini
Largo al Factotum from The Barber of Seville
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Largo al Factotum from The Barber of Seville
Gioachino Rossini
Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture
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Il Barbiere di Siviglia - Overture
Ottorino Respighi
La Boutique fantasque - Mazurka
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La Boutique fantasque - Mazurka
Gioachino Rossini
La Cenerentola: Overture
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La Cenerentola: Overture
Gioachino Rossini
William Tell - Overture
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William Tell - Overture
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