Antonin Dvorak
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/960x540/p01bqhjb.jpg
1841-09-08
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/819eaeb2-8dd8-48a5-ad07-0bcd137985ef
Antonin Dvorak

Antonin Dvorak Biography (BBC)

The Bohemia into which Dvorák was born on 8 September 1841, in a village near Prague, was one facing rapid change. Like many from a poor rural environment Dvorák followed a natural drift towards Prague. Dvorák’s musicality was evident early on and his family supported him all through his musical training.

After graduating from the Prague Organ School in 1859, however, he faced grinding poverty. He eventually joined the Provisional Theatre Orchestra as a viola player (1862–71), performing in a huge range of operas. During these ‘years in the galleys’ he wrote two symphonies, string quartets and the opera Alfred, though he only began to make an impact on Prague’s musical salons after the success of his patriotic cantata, The Heirs of the White Mountain (1872).

Growing fame and the award of five consecutive government grants prompted huge productivity: operas, symphonic works and chamber music poured out of him, sharing such characteristics as appealing melody, classically oriented development and a consciously popular tone. The latter resulted in international acclaim for his Moravian Duets and Slavonic Dances (both 1878).

Brahms’s friendship won him a German publisher, and concert societies across Europe and America began programming his music. A series of trips to England resulted in major commissions, including the Seventh Symphony (1884–5) for the Philharmonic Society, and The Spectre’s Bride and Requiem for the 1885 and 1891 Birmingham Festivals. Dvorák continued to compose operas, including two masterpieces, Dimitrij (1881–2) and The Jacobin (1887–8).

In the late 1880s he turned to more experimental and inclusive modes of composition, notably in the Eighth Symphony (1889) and the ‘Dumky’ Trio (1890–91). Further shifts in style occurred as a result of his stay in America as Director of the National Conservatory in New York (1892–5).

The huge popularity of the works of this period, notably the ‘New World’ Symphony and ‘American’ Quartet, was founded on approachability, inspired lyricism and an easily apprehended clarity of outline. On returning to Prague in 1895, Dvorák devoted himself first to symphonic poems and then to operas, the greatest of which was Rusalka (1900).

Though among the most popular of classical composers, Dvorák is one of the least well understood; his early work is dismissed as being overly neo-Romantic, a judgement which does little justice to the remarkable originality of much of it, or to the startling confidence of the Third Symphony (1873).

His compositional technique (securely founded on an education strongly resembling that of his 18th-century predecessors), his genius for memorable melody and his independent imagination resulted in one of the larger and more consistently enjoyable compositional outputs of the 19th century.

Profile by Jan Smaczny ©

Antonin Dvorak Biography (Wikipedia)

Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( d-VOR-zha(h)k;; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Johannes Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Antonin Dvorak Performances & Interviews


Antonin Dvorak Tracks

Sort by

Antonin Dvorak
Trio for piano and strings No.1 (Op.21) in B flat major
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Trio for piano and strings No.1 (Op.21) in B flat major
Antonin Dvorak
Scherzo (Furiant) (Molto vivace)( 3rd mvt from Piano Quintet No. 2 in A major Op.81
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Scherzo (Furiant) (Molto vivace)( 3rd mvt from Piano Quintet No. 2 in A major Op.81
Antonin Dvorak
String Quartet No. 8 in E major, Op. 80: Allegro
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
String Quartet No. 8 in E major, Op. 80: Allegro
Antonin Dvorak
Slavonic Dance No.9 in B minor (Op.72 No.1) orch. composer [orig. pf duet]
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Slavonic Dance No.9 in B minor (Op.72 No.1) orch. composer [orig. pf duet]
Antonin Dvorak
Slavonic dances - series 1 (Op.46) orch. composer, no.1 in C major;
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Slavonic dances - series 1 (Op.46) orch. composer, no.1 in C major;
Antonin Dvorak
Piano Quintet No. 2 in A major - iii. Scherzo
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Piano Quintet No. 2 in A major - iii. Scherzo
Antonin Dvorak
Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.4; Canon (Andante con moto)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.4; Canon (Andante con moto)
Antonin Dvorak
Piano Trio No.4 in E Minor, Op.90 'Dumky'
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Piano Trio No.4 in E Minor, Op.90 'Dumky'
Antonin Dvorak
Scherzo capriccioso, Op. 66
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Scherzo capriccioso, Op. 66
Antonin Dvorak
Symphony No.9 in E minor, Op.95 'From the New World': III. Scherzo
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Symphony No.9 in E minor, Op.95 'From the New World': III. Scherzo
Antonin Dvorak
Serenade in D minor (Op.44) [1878]
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Serenade in D minor (Op.44) [1878]
Antonin Dvorak
Piano Quintet No.2 in A major, Op. 81
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Piano Quintet No.2 in A major, Op. 81
Antonin Dvorak
Suite in A major, Op.98 'American': I. Moderato
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Suite in A major, Op.98 'American': I. Moderato
Antonin Dvorak
Piano Quintet in A major (B.155) (Op.81)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Piano Quintet in A major (B.155) (Op.81)
Antonin Dvorak
Cypresses 3 & 12
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Cypresses 3 & 12
Antonin Dvorak
Fuga in G flat major
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Fuga in G flat major
Antonin Dvorak
Symphony No 7 in D minor (Smetana, Tchaikovsky & Dvořák)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Symphony No 7 in D minor (Smetana, Tchaikovsky & Dvořák)
Antonin Dvorak
Serenade for string orchestra (Op.22) in E major, 1st movement; Moderato
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Serenade for string orchestra (Op.22) in E major, 1st movement; Moderato
Antonin Dvorak
Symphony No. 8 in G: Allegretto grazioso (3rd mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Symphony No. 8 in G: Allegretto grazioso (3rd mvt)
Antonin Dvorak
Dvorak
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Dvorak
Antonin Dvorak
Three Slavonic Dances
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Three Slavonic Dances
Antonin Dvorak
Wind Serenade, Op. 44 (iii. Andante con moto)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Wind Serenade, Op. 44 (iii. Andante con moto)
Antonin Dvorak
Three Slavonic Dances
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Three Slavonic Dances
Antonin Dvorak
Twelve Cypresses for String Quartet; XI. Nature is Held in Light Sleep
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Twelve Cypresses for String Quartet; XI. Nature is Held in Light Sleep
Antonin Dvorak
Rusalka - Lyric Fairy Tale In 3 Acts B.203, Op.114
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Rusalka - Lyric Fairy Tale In 3 Acts B.203, Op.114
Antonin Dvorak
Rusalka - Lyric Fairy Tale In 3 Acts B.203, Op.114
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhjb.jpg
link
Rusalka - Lyric Fairy Tale In 3 Acts B.203, Op.114
Load more tracks
Playlists featuring Antonin Dvorak

Back to artist