Antonin Dvorak
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1841-09-08
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/819eaeb2-8dd8-48a5-ad07-0bcd137985ef
Antonin Dvorak Antonin Dvorak Antonin Dvorak Antonin Dvorak

Biography

The Bohemia into which Dvorák was born on 8 September 1841, in a village near Prague, was one facing rapid change. Like many from a poor rural environment Dvorák followed a natural drift towards Prague. Dvorák’s musicality was evident early ...

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Biography

The Bohemia into which Dvorák was born on 8 September 1841, in a village near Prague, was one facing rapid change. Like many from a poor rural environment Dvorák followed a natural drift towards Prague. Dvorák’s musicality was evident early on and his family supported him all through his musical training.

After graduating from the Prague Organ School in 1859, however, he faced grinding poverty. He eventually joined the Provisional Theatre Orchestra as a viola player (1862–71), performing in a huge range of operas. During these ‘years in the galleys’ he wrote two symphonies, string quartets and the opera Alfred, though he only began to make an impact on Prague’s musical salons after the success of his patriotic cantata, The Heirs of the White Mountain (1872).

Growing fame and the award of five consecutive government grants prompted huge productivity: operas, symphonic works and chamber music poured out of him, sharing such characteristics as appealing melody, classically oriented development and a consciously popular tone. The latter resulted in international acclaim for his Moravian Duets and Slavonic Dances (both 1878).

Brahms’s friendship won him a German publisher, and concert societies across Europe and America began programming his music. A series of trips to England resulted in major commissions, including the Seventh Symphony (1884–5) for the Philharmonic Society, and The Spectre’s Bride and Requiem for the 1885 and 1891 Birmingham Festivals. Dvorák continued to compose operas, including two masterpieces, Dimitrij (1881–2) and The Jacobin (1887–8).

In the late 1880s he turned to more experimental and inclusive modes of composition, notably in the Eighth Symphony (1889) and the ‘Dumky’ Trio (1890–91). Further shifts in style occurred as a result of his stay in America as Director of the National Conservatory in New York (1892–5).

The huge popularity of the works of this period, notably the ‘New World’ Symphony and ‘American’ Quartet, was founded on approachability, inspired lyricism and an easily apprehended clarity of outline. On returning to Prague in 1895, Dvorák devoted himself first to symphonic poems and then to operas, the greatest of which was Rusalka (1900).

Though among the most popular of classical composers, Dvorák is one of the least well understood; his early work is dismissed as being overly neo-Romantic, a judgement which does little justice to the remarkable originality of much of it, or to the startling confidence of the Third Symphony (1873).

His compositional technique (securely founded on an education strongly resembling that of his 18th-century predecessors), his genius for memorable melody and his independent imagination resulted in one of the larger and more consistently enjoyable compositional outputs of the 19th century.

Profile by Jan Smaczny ©

Clips (20)


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Wojciech Świtała, Hana Blazikova, Antonín Dvořák
V národnim tónu op. 73 (In Folk Tone)
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V národnim tónu op. 73 (In Folk Tone) V národnim tónu op. 73 (In Folk Tone) V národnim tónu op. 73 (In Folk Tone) V národnim tónu op. 73 (In Folk Tone)
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra in Bratislava, Stefan Robl & Antonín Dvořák
Prague Waltzes [Prazske valciky] (B.99)
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Prague Waltzes [Prazske valciky] (B.99) Prague Waltzes [Prazske valciky] (B.99) Prague Waltzes [Prazske valciky] (B.99) Prague Waltzes [Prazske valciky] (B.99)

Prague Waltzes [Prazske valciky] (B.99)

Orchestra
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra in Bratislava
Conductor
Stefan Robl
Antonin Dvorak, Münchner Philharmoniker & Semyon Bychkov
Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 'From the New World'
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Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 'From the New World' Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 'From the New World' Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 'From the New World' Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 'From the New World'
Antonin Dvorak, Münchner Philharmoniker & Semyon Bychkov
Carnival overture (Op.92)
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Carnival overture (Op.92) Carnival overture (Op.92) Carnival overture (Op.92) Carnival overture (Op.92)
Antonin Dvorak, Rafael Kubelík & Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Scherzo capriccioso Op.66 B131
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Scherzo capriccioso Op.66 B131 Scherzo capriccioso Op.66 B131 Scherzo capriccioso Op.66 B131 Scherzo capriccioso Op.66 B131
Antonín Dvořák, Bergen filharmoniske orkester & Juanjo Mena
Slavonic Dance No.10 (Op.72 No.2) in E minor
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Slavonic Dance No.10 (Op.72 No.2) in E minor Slavonic Dance No.10 (Op.72 No.2) in E minor Slavonic Dance No.10 (Op.72 No.2) in E minor Slavonic Dance No.10 (Op.72 No.2) in E minor
Antonin Dvorak, Tasmin Little & Martin Roscoe
Four Romantic Pieces op.75
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Four Romantic Pieces op.75 Four Romantic Pieces op.75 Four Romantic Pieces op.75 Four Romantic Pieces op.75
Antonin Dvorak, Nikolaus Harnoncourt & Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
The Noon Witch, Op. 108
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The Noon Witch, Op. 108 The Noon Witch, Op. 108 The Noon Witch, Op. 108 The Noon Witch, Op. 108
Chamber Orchestra of Europe WInd Soloists, Clements & Antonín Dvořák
Slavonic Dance No. 9 in C major, Op. 72 No. 1
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Slavonic Dance No. 9 in C major, Op. 72 No. 1 Slavonic Dance No. 9 in C major, Op. 72 No. 1 Slavonic Dance No. 9 in C major, Op. 72 No. 1 Slavonic Dance No. 9 in C major, Op. 72 No. 1

Slavonic Dance No. 9 in C major, Op. 72 No. 1

Ensemble
Chamber Orchestra of Europe WInd Soloists
Music Arranger
Last played on
Antonin Dvorak, Symfonický orchestr Českého rozhlasu & Petr Altrichter
Te Deum
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Te Deum Te Deum Te Deum Te Deum
Antonin Dvorak, hr-Sinfonieorchester & Paavo Järvi
Symphony No. 8
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Symphony No. 8 Symphony No. 8 Symphony No. 8 Symphony No. 8
Antonin Dvorak, Česká filharmonie & Václav Talich
Slavonic Dance in A flat, Op 72 No 8
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Slavonic Dance in A flat, Op 72 No 8 Slavonic Dance in A flat, Op 72 No 8 Slavonic Dance in A flat, Op 72 No 8 Slavonic Dance in A flat, Op 72 No 8
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra in Bratislava, Antonín Dvořák & Ľudovít Rajter
Polonaise for orchestra in E flat major
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Polonaise for orchestra in E flat major Polonaise for orchestra in E flat major Polonaise for orchestra in E flat major Polonaise for orchestra in E flat major

Polonaise for orchestra in E flat major

Orchestra
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra in Bratislava
Antonin Dvorak, Česká filharmonie & Karel Sejna
Slavonic Dance in C, Op 72 No 7
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Slavonic Dance in C, Op 72 No 7 Slavonic Dance in C, Op 72 No 7 Slavonic Dance in C, Op 72 No 7 Slavonic Dance in C, Op 72 No 7
Antonin Dvorak, Grant Llewellyn & BBC National Orchestra of Wales
Symphonic variations (Op.78)
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Symphonic variations (Op.78) Symphonic variations (Op.78) Symphonic variations (Op.78) Symphonic variations (Op.78)
Antonin Dvorak, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra & Eduardo Portal
Cello Concerto
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Cello Concerto Cello Concerto Cello Concerto Cello Concerto
Antonin Dvorak, The Cleveland Orchestra & George Szell
Slavonic Dance in B flat, Op 72 No 6
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Slavonic Dance in B flat, Op 72 No 6 Slavonic Dance in B flat, Op 72 No 6 Slavonic Dance in B flat, Op 72 No 6 Slavonic Dance in B flat, Op 72 No 6
Antonín Dvořák & Bläserensemble Sabine Meyer
Finale from Serenade in D minor, Op.44
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Finale from Serenade in D minor, Op.44 Finale from Serenade in D minor, Op.44 Finale from Serenade in D minor, Op.44 Finale from Serenade in D minor, Op.44
Antonin Dvorak, Detroit Symphony Orchestra & Antal Doráti
Polka (Op.53a`1) in B flat major "For Prague students"
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Polka (Op.53a`1) in B flat major "For Prague students" Polka (Op.53a`1) in B flat major "For Prague students" Polka (Op.53a`1) in B flat major "For Prague students" Polka (Op.53a`1) in B flat major "For Prague students"
Antonín Dvořák, James Ehnes & Eduard Laurel
Sonatina in G major Op.100 for violin and piano: 4th movement; Finale (Allegro)
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Sonatina in G major Op.100 for violin and piano: 4th movement; Finale (Allegro) Sonatina in G major Op.100 for violin and piano: 4th movement; Finale (Allegro) Sonatina in G major Op.100 for violin and piano: 4th movement; Finale (Allegro) Sonatina in G major Op.100 for violin and piano: 4th movement; Finale (Allegro)
Antonin Dvorak, NHK交響楽団 & Václav Neumann
Slavonic Dance in C minor, Op 46 No 7
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Slavonic Dance in C minor, Op 46 No 7 Slavonic Dance in C minor, Op 46 No 7 Slavonic Dance in C minor, Op 46 No 7 Slavonic Dance in C minor, Op 46 No 7
小澤征爾, Antonín Dvořák & サイトウ・キネン・オーケストラ
Serenade for string orchestra (Op.22) in E major, 1st movement; Moderato
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Serenade for string orchestra (Op.22) in E major, 1st movement; Moderato Serenade for string orchestra (Op.22) in E major, 1st movement; Moderato Serenade for string orchestra (Op.22) in E major, 1st movement; Moderato Serenade for string orchestra (Op.22) in E major, 1st movement; Moderato
Antonin Dvorak, Rafael Kubelík & Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks
Slavonic Dance in C, Op 46 No 1
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Slavonic Dance in C, Op 46 No 1 Slavonic Dance in C, Op 46 No 1 Slavonic Dance in C, Op 46 No 1 Slavonic Dance in C, Op 46 No 1
Antonín Dvořák, Oslo-Filharmonien & Arvid Engegård
Two Slavonic Dances, op.46 - No. 8 In G Minor and No.3 In A flat major
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Two Slavonic Dances, op.46 - No. 8 In G Minor and No.3 In A flat major Two Slavonic Dances, op.46 - No. 8 In G Minor and No.3 In A flat major Two Slavonic Dances, op.46 - No. 8 In G Minor and No.3 In A flat major Two Slavonic Dances, op.46 - No. 8 In G Minor and No.3 In A flat major
Antonin Dvorak, Jiří Bělohlávek & BBC Symphony Orchestra
Overture 'Othello', Op. 93 (1891-2)
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Overture 'Othello', Op. 93 (1891-2) Overture 'Othello', Op. 93 (1891-2) Overture 'Othello', Op. 93 (1891-2) Overture 'Othello', Op. 93 (1891-2)
James Anagnoson, Antonin Dvorak & Leslie Kinton
Slavonic Dance in E minor (Op.46 No.2)
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Slavonic Dance in E minor (Op.46 No.2) Slavonic Dance in E minor (Op.46 No.2) Slavonic Dance in E minor (Op.46 No.2) Slavonic Dance in E minor (Op.46 No.2)
Antonin Dvorak, Christoph Campestrini & Narodowa Orkiestra Symfoniczna Polskiego Radia w Katowicach
Symphony no. 6 (Op.60) in D major
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Symphony no. 6 (Op.60) in D major Symphony no. 6 (Op.60) in D major Symphony no. 6 (Op.60) in D major Symphony no. 6 (Op.60) in D major
Antonin Dvorak, James Ehnes, BBC Philharmonic & Gianandrea Noseda
Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.53) in A minor, 3rd mvt; Finale
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Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.53) in A minor, 3rd mvt; Finale Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.53) in A minor, 3rd mvt; Finale Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.53) in A minor, 3rd mvt; Finale Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.53) in A minor, 3rd mvt; Finale
Antonin Dvorak, Česká filharmonie & Karel Sejna
Slavonic Dance, Op.46 No.5
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Slavonic Dance, Op.46 No.5 Slavonic Dance, Op.46 No.5 Slavonic Dance, Op.46 No.5 Slavonic Dance, Op.46 No.5
Schubert Ensemble of London & Antonín Dvořák
Quintet no. 2 in A major Op.81 for piano and strings: 3rd movement
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Quintet no. 2 in A major Op.81 for piano and strings: 3rd movement Quintet no. 2 in A major Op.81 for piano and strings: 3rd movement Quintet no. 2 in A major Op.81 for piano and strings: 3rd movement Quintet no. 2 in A major Op.81 for piano and strings: 3rd movement

Quintet no. 2 in A major Op.81 for piano and strings: 3rd movement

Ensemble
Schubert Ensemble of London
Last played on
Antonin Dvorak, Ana María Martínez, London Philharmonic Orchestra & Jiří Bělohlávek
Rusalka (Song to the Moon)
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Rusalka (Song to the Moon) Rusalka (Song to the Moon) Rusalka (Song to the Moon) Rusalka (Song to the Moon)
Antonin Dvorak, BBC Philharmonic & Vassily Sinaisky
3 Slavonic Dances
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3 Slavonic Dances 3 Slavonic Dances 3 Slavonic Dances 3 Slavonic Dances
Antonín Dvořák, Rafael Kubelík & English Chamber Orchestra
Serenade for Strings in E, Op. 22
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Serenade for Strings in E, Op. 22 Serenade for Strings in E, Op. 22 Serenade for Strings in E, Op. 22 Serenade for Strings in E, Op. 22
Antonin Dvorak, Julia Fischer, David Zinman & Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich
Concerto in A minor Op.53 for violin and orchestra
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Concerto in A minor Op.53 for violin and orchestra Concerto in A minor Op.53 for violin and orchestra Concerto in A minor Op.53 for violin and orchestra Concerto in A minor Op.53 for violin and orchestra
Antonin Dvorak, Gary Walker & Jack Liebeck and RSNO
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op. 53, Finale
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Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op. 53, Finale Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op. 53, Finale Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op. 53, Finale Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op. 53, Finale

Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in A minor, Op. 53, Finale

Performer
Gary Walker
Jack Liebeck and RSNO
André Rieu, Johann Strauss Orchestra & Antonin Dvorak
Song to the Moon
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Song to the Moon Song to the Moon Song to the Moon Song to the Moon
Antonin Dvorak, Symfonický orchestr hlavního města Prahy FOK & Jiří Bělohlávek
Prague Waltzes
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Prague Waltzes Prague Waltzes Prague Waltzes Prague Waltzes
Antonín Dvořák, Yvonne Kenny, Melbourne Symphony Orchestra & Vladimir Kamirski
Song to the Moon from Rusalka (Op.114)
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Song to the Moon from Rusalka (Op.114) Song to the Moon from Rusalka (Op.114) Song to the Moon from Rusalka (Op.114) Song to the Moon from Rusalka (Op.114)
Leonidas Kavakos, Peter Nagy, Antonin Dvorak & Fritz Kreisler
Slavonic Dance No.1 in G minor (arr. Kreisler)
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Slavonic Dance No.1 in G minor (arr. Kreisler) Slavonic Dance No.1 in G minor (arr. Kreisler) Slavonic Dance No.1 in G minor (arr. Kreisler) Slavonic Dance No.1 in G minor (arr. Kreisler)
Gábor Takács-Nagy, Károly Schranz, Antonin Dvorak, András Fejér, Gábor Ormai, Gábor Ormai & Takács Quartet
Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.2; Tempo di minuetto
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Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.2; Tempo di minuetto Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.2; Tempo di minuetto Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.2; Tempo di minuetto Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.2; Tempo di minuetto
Gábor Takács-Nagy, Károly Schranz, Antonin Dvorak, András Fejér, Gábor Ormai, Gábor Ormai & Takács Quartet
Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.1; Allegretto scherzando
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Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.1; Allegretto scherzando Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.1; Allegretto scherzando Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.1; Allegretto scherzando Bagatelles for 2 vlns, cello & harmonium (Op.47), no.1; Allegretto scherzando
Prague Quartet & Antonín Dvořák
String Quartet No.12 in F Major 'American' (Op.96)
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String Quartet No.12 in F Major 'American' (Op.96) String Quartet No.12 in F Major 'American' (Op.96) String Quartet No.12 in F Major 'American' (Op.96) String Quartet No.12 in F Major 'American' (Op.96)
Antonin Dvorak, Benjamin Appl & James Baillieu
Oblak a mrákota jest vůkol něho (from Biblical songs) op. 99 no. 1
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Oblak a mrákota jest vůkol něho (from Biblical songs) op. 99 no. 1 Oblak a mrákota jest vůkol něho (from Biblical songs) op. 99 no. 1 Oblak a mrákota jest vůkol něho (from Biblical songs) op. 99 no. 1 Oblak a mrákota jest vůkol něho (from Biblical songs) op. 99 no. 1
Antonin Dvorak, The Cleveland Orchestra & George Szell
Carnival Overture Op.92
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Carnival Overture Op.92 Carnival Overture Op.92 Carnival Overture Op.92 Carnival Overture Op.92
Antonin Dvorak, Andris Nelsons & Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks
Symphony no.9: finale
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Symphony no.9: finale Symphony no.9: finale Symphony no.9: finale Symphony no.9: finale
Antonin Dvorak, Arto Noras (cello), Kuopio Symphony Orchestra & Markus Lehtinen
Silent Woods for cello and orchestra op 68 no 5
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Silent Woods for cello and orchestra op 68 no 5 Silent Woods for cello and orchestra op 68 no 5 Silent Woods for cello and orchestra op 68 no 5 Silent Woods for cello and orchestra op 68 no 5

Silent Woods for cello and orchestra op 68 no 5

Performer
Arto Noras (cello), Kuopio Symphony Orchestra
Markus Lehtinen
Antonin Dvorak & Tschechische Philharmoniev conducted by Vaclav Neumann
Slavonic Dances - Dumka
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Slavonic Dances - Dumka Slavonic Dances - Dumka Slavonic Dances - Dumka Slavonic Dances - Dumka

Slavonic Dances - Dumka

Performer
Tschechische Philharmoniev conducted by Vaclav Neumann
Antonin Dvorak, Renaud Capuçon & Jérôme Ducros
Humoreske (Op.101 no.7) arr. Kreisler for violin and piano
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Humoreske (Op.101 no.7) arr. Kreisler for violin and piano Humoreske (Op.101 no.7) arr. Kreisler for violin and piano Humoreske (Op.101 no.7) arr. Kreisler for violin and piano Humoreske (Op.101 no.7) arr. Kreisler for violin and piano
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