Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
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1933-12-06
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/7a837d63-a434-47e8-8b48-1d50e54ebb74
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki Henryk Mikolaj Górecki Henryk Mikolaj Górecki Henryk Mikolaj Górecki

Biography

Often mistaken for a one-work composer on account of his Third Symphony, Henryk Górecki, born in 1933 near Rybnik, Silesia, was a Polish creative artist who, from the atomised musical language of the 1960s avant-garde, fashioned a remarkable individual style ...

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Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Holst Singers & Stephen Layton
Totus Tuus
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Totus Tuus Totus Tuus Totus Tuus Totus Tuus
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Dawn Upshaw, London Sinfonietta & David Zinman
Symphony No.3: Movement II
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Symphony No.3: Movement II Symphony No.3: Movement II Symphony No.3: Movement II Symphony No.3: Movement II
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Narodowa Orkiestra Symfoniczna Polskiego Radia w Katowicach, Tadeusz Strugała & Ewa Vesin
Symphony no. 3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) for soprano and orchestra
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Symphony no. 3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) for soprano and orchestra Symphony no. 3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) for soprano and orchestra Symphony no. 3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) for soprano and orchestra Symphony no. 3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) for soprano and orchestra
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Tadeusz Strugała & Narodowa Orkiestra Symfoniczna Polskiego Radia w Katowicach
Canticum Graduum ( op 27)
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Canticum Graduum ( op 27) Canticum Graduum ( op 27) Canticum Graduum ( op 27) Canticum Graduum ( op 27)
National Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Warsaw Philharmonic Choir, Henryk Mikołaj Górecki, Percussion Ensemble of the National Philharmonic Orchestra, Wojciech Michniewski, Henryk Wojnarowski
Salve Sidus Polonorum - Cantata in honour of St Wojciech (Adalbertus) (Op.72)
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Salve Sidus Polonorum - Cantata in honour of St Wojciech (Adalbertus) (Op.72) Salve Sidus Polonorum - Cantata in honour of St Wojciech (Adalbertus) (Op.72) Salve Sidus Polonorum - Cantata in honour of St Wojciech (Adalbertus) (Op.72) Salve Sidus Polonorum - Cantata in honour of St Wojciech (Adalbertus) (Op.72)
Dawn Upshaw, Henryk Mikołaj Górecki, London Sinfonietta & David Zinman
Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" ..., 2nd movement;
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Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" ..., 2nd movement; Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" ..., 2nd movement; Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" ..., 2nd movement; Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" ..., 2nd movement;
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, James MacMillan & BBC Singers
Church Songs
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Church Songs Church Songs Church Songs Church Songs
Jutland Chamber Choir, Mogens Dahl & Henryk Mikołaj Górecki
Totus tuus (Op.60)
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Totus tuus (Op.60) Totus tuus (Op.60) Totus tuus (Op.60) Totus tuus (Op.60)
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Spiegel Im Spiegel
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Spiegel Im Spiegel Spiegel Im Spiegel Spiegel Im Spiegel Spiegel Im Spiegel
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Choir of King’s College, Cambridge & Stephen Cleobury
Totus Tuus
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Totus Tuus Totus Tuus Totus Tuus Totus Tuus
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Jesper Grove Jørgensen & Danish National Radio Choir
Miserere (Op.44)
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Miserere (Op.44) Miserere (Op.44) Miserere (Op.44) Miserere (Op.44)
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Susan Gritton, Yuri Simonov & Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for sop and orch, 2nd mvt
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Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for sop and orch, 2nd mvt Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for sop and orch, 2nd mvt Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for sop and orch, 2nd mvt Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for sop and orch, 2nd mvt
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki & Cavaleri Quartet
String Quartet No 1 Op 62 'Already it is Dusk'
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String Quartet No 1 Op 62 'Already it is Dusk' String Quartet No 1 Op 62 'Already it is Dusk' String Quartet No 1 Op 62 'Already it is Dusk' String Quartet No 1 Op 62 'Already it is Dusk'
Apollon Musagete Quartet & Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Already it is dusk (String quartet no.1) Op.62
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Already it is dusk (String quartet no.1)  Op.62 Already it is dusk (String quartet no.1)  Op.62 Already it is dusk (String quartet no.1)  Op.62 Already it is dusk (String quartet no.1)  Op.62
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, Stephen Cleobury & Choir of King’s College, Cambridge
Totus tuus sum, Maria Op.60 for chorus [1987]
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Totus tuus sum, Maria Op.60 for chorus [1987] Totus tuus sum, Maria Op.60 for chorus [1987] Totus tuus sum, Maria Op.60 for chorus [1987] Totus tuus sum, Maria Op.60 for chorus [1987]
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki, BBC Concert Orchestra & André de Ridder
Symphony no.3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs)
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Symphony no.3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) Symphony no.3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) Symphony no.3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs) Symphony no.3 Op.36 (Symphony of sorrowful songs)
Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Zofia Kilanowicz, Henryk Mikołaj Górecki & Antoni Wit
Symphony No.3 Op.36 'Sorrowful songs': Lento e largo
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Symphony No.3 Op.36 'Sorrowful songs': Lento e largo Symphony No.3 Op.36 'Sorrowful songs': Lento e largo Symphony No.3 Op.36 'Sorrowful songs': Lento e largo Symphony No.3 Op.36 'Sorrowful songs': Lento e largo
Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, cond Donald Runnicles & Henryk Mikołaj Górecki
Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for soprano and orchestra, 2nd movement
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Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for soprano and orchestra, 2nd movement Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for soprano and orchestra, 2nd movement Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for soprano and orchestra, 2nd movement Symphony no. 3 (Op.36) "Symphony of sorrowful songs" for soprano and orchestra, 2nd movement
Henryk Mikołaj Górecki & BBC Symphony Orchestra
Symphony No 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs" (feat. BBC Symphony Orchestra)
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Symphony No 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs" (feat. BBC Symphony Orchestra) Symphony No 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs" (feat. BBC Symphony Orchestra) Symphony No 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs" (feat. BBC Symphony Orchestra) Symphony No 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs" (feat. BBC Symphony Orchestra)
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Totus Tuus
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Totus Tuus Totus Tuus Totus Tuus Totus Tuus
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Symphony Number 3 (excerpt)
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Symphony Number 3 (excerpt) Symphony Number 3 (excerpt) Symphony Number 3 (excerpt) Symphony Number 3 (excerpt)
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
3rd String Quartet op.67 (3rd Mvt)
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3rd String Quartet op.67 (3rd Mvt) 3rd String Quartet op.67 (3rd Mvt) 3rd String Quartet op.67 (3rd Mvt) 3rd String Quartet op.67 (3rd Mvt)
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
String Quartet No. 2 Op. 64 ('Quasi una fantasia')
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String Quartet No. 2 Op. 64 ('Quasi una fantasia') String Quartet No. 2 Op. 64 ('Quasi una fantasia') String Quartet No. 2 Op. 64 ('Quasi una fantasia') String Quartet No. 2 Op. 64 ('Quasi una fantasia')
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Symphony No. 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs for Soprano and Orchestra: Lento, second movem
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Symphony No. 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs for Soprano and Orchestra: Lento, second movem Symphony No. 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs for Soprano and Orchestra: Lento, second movem Symphony No. 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs for Soprano and Orchestra: Lento, second movem Symphony No. 3 "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs for Soprano and Orchestra: Lento, second movem
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Miserere
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Miserere Miserere Miserere Miserere
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Lobgesang, Op.76
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Lobgesang, Op.76 Lobgesang, Op.76 Lobgesang, Op.76 Lobgesang, Op.76
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Symphony No.3 – Lento e largo
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Symphony No.3 – Lento e largo Symphony No.3 – Lento e largo Symphony No.3 – Lento e largo Symphony No.3 – Lento e largo
Henryk Mikolaj Górecki
Symphony No 3 Opus 36 – second movement
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Symphony No 3 Opus 36 – second movement Symphony No 3 Opus 36 – second movement Symphony No 3 Opus 36 – second movement Symphony No 3 Opus 36 – second movement
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Biography

Often mistaken for a one-work composer on account of his Third Symphony, Henryk Górecki, born in 1933 near Rybnik, Silesia, was a Polish creative artist who, from the atomised musical language of the 1960s avant-garde, fashioned a remarkable individual style - grave, penitential, mystical - guided by the twin stars of national spirit and the Catholic Church.

Directly or obliquely, Poland's troubled history is reflected in much of his output. As a gifted young modernist composer, he became prominent through the Warsaw Autumn Festival, founded in 1956 as an audacious assertion of his country's artistic independence in the years of Soviet domination.

But while his early works such as Epitafium, the First Symphony and Scontri scandalised audiences and established his progressive credentials in the European citadels of new music, he was also sensitive to deeper currents from his country's history. Long before it became fashionable to recall the past through quotations of earlier music, heritage elements of Tatra folk song and medieval liturgical chant became part of his language through their overwhelming symbolic power.

First revealed in the nostalgic anachronisms of the Three Pieces in the Old Style of 1963 and in the Old Polish Music of 1969, this new manner achieved a simple yet bold monumentality in the 'Copernican' Second Symphony of 1972, more intimate expression in the Third Symphony of 1976, and a historic apotheosis in Beatus vir, performed in Krakow before Pope John Paul II on his first Polish pilgrimage in 1979.

Górecki responded to the political violence of the early 1980s with an unaccompanied Miserere; boycotted by the authorities, it was premiered in 1987, a year that also saw a renewal of interest in his Third Symphony against the backdrop of a decaying Soviet empire. Recovering from serious illness in 1985, he re-engaged with the currents of contemporary music in Recitatives and Ariosos (Lerchenmusik) for clarinet, cello and piano, but otherwise concentrated on the composition of choral music, including Totus tuus, written in 1987 for the third Papal visit to Poland.

Górecki's rise to celebrity status in the late 1980s scarcely shifted his stylistic co-ordinates, though he extended their scope in a variety of chamber works, including Already it is Dusk (1988) for the Kronos Quartet, the memorial Good Night (1990) and the enigmatic Little Requiem for a Polka (1993), both for ensemble. Faith and its expression in vocal and choral music steeped in the Polish tradition nevertheless remained at the heart of his later music, which is dominated by the substantial cantata Salve, sidus Polonorum (2000; heard at the Proms in 2001). In 2002 Górecki arranged his second string quartet Quasi una fantasia for string orchestra, and his long-awaited Third String Quartet was premiered by the Kronos in October 2005. His Symphony No. 4 was due to be premièred in London in 2010, by the London Philharmonic Orchestra, but the event was cancelled due to the composer's ill health. He died in November of that year.

Profile © Nicholas Williams, 2005

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