Ottorino Respighi
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1879-07-09
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/788c380d-247b-42f0-b7a9-64881e1f0fd9
Ottorino Respighi Ottorino Respighi Ottorino Respighi Ottorino Respighi

Biography

Born in Bologna in 1879, Ottorino Respighi studied in his home city and spent his early twenties playing the viola in an opera orchestra in St Petersburg while studying composition with Rimsky-Korsakov. After several more years spent studying and performing ...

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Biography

Born in Bologna in 1879, Ottorino Respighi studied in his home city and spent his early twenties playing the viola in an opera orchestra in St Petersburg while studying composition with Rimsky-Korsakov. After several more years spent studying and performing (as both a string-player and a pianist) in Germany and France, he settled permanently in Rome following his appointment as Professor of Composition at the Liceo (later Conservatorio) di Santa Cecilia in 1913. Promoted to the position of Director in 1924, he resigned two years later to concentrate on composing.

It was in 1916 that Respighi completed Fountains of Rome, the first of three sets of musical ‘picture postcards’ of famous Roman tourist spots that soon made his international reputation: Pines of Rome followed in 1924, Roman Festivals in 1928. Brilliantly coloured orchestral showpieces, they reveal the composer’s easy assimilation of a variety of cosmopolitan influences – Germanic counterpoint, Gallic harmony, Russian orchestration – with an innately Italianate melodic gift. Definitely no modernist, Respighi can yet claim to have invented electronic sampling with his inclusion of a recorded nightingale’s song in the score for the Pines.

Although he wrote several operas – of which at least his last two completed examples, La campana sommersa (‘The Sunken Bell’, 1924–7) and La fiamma ('The Flame', 1931–3), enjoyed some success – Respighi showed a greater interest in orchestral and chamber music. A noted editor and arranger of early music, mainly from the Renaissance and the Baroque (including a free transcription of Monteverdi’s Orfeo in 1934), he based his three popular sets of Ancient Airs and Dances (1917, 1923 and 1931) on lute music of the 16th and 17th centuries, and his suite The Birds (1927) on music by 17th- and 18th-century French and Italian composers.

But his archaising instincts are heard at their purest in the Gregorian chant-influenced symphonic poem Vetrate di chiesa (‘Church Windows’, 1925–6) and the charming choral Christmas carol sequence Lauda per la natività del Signore (‘Hymn to the Birth of Christ’, 1928–30).

Profile by Louise Downes © BBC

Clips (6)


Tracks

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Ottorino Respighi & James Ehnes (violin) and Andrew Armstrong (piano)
Violin Sonata in B Minor
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Violin Sonata in B Minor Violin Sonata in B Minor Violin Sonata in B Minor Violin Sonata in B Minor
Ottorino Respighi, Riccardo Muti & The Philadelphia Orchestra
The Fountains of Rome
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The Fountains of Rome The Fountains of Rome The Fountains of Rome The Fountains of Rome
Ottorino Respighi, Donald Runnicles, National Youth Orchestra of Scotland & BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
Pini di Roma (Pines of Rome) - symphonic poem
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Pini di Roma (Pines of Rome) - symphonic poem Pini di Roma (Pines of Rome) - symphonic poem Pini di Roma (Pines of Rome) - symphonic poem Pini di Roma (Pines of Rome) - symphonic poem
Ottorino Respighi, Edo de Waart & San Francisco Symphony
Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini di Villa Borghese
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Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini di Villa Borghese Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini di Villa Borghese Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini di Villa Borghese Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini di Villa Borghese
Philharmonia Hungarica, Ottorino Respighi, Antal Doráti
Ancient airs and dances... - suite no.2 for small orchestra, no.4; Bergamasca...
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Ancient airs and dances... - suite no.2 for small orchestra, no.4; Bergamasca... Ancient airs and dances... - suite no.2 for small orchestra, no.4; Bergamasca... Ancient airs and dances... - suite no.2 for small orchestra, no.4; Bergamasca... Ancient airs and dances... - suite no.2 for small orchestra, no.4; Bergamasca...
Ottorino Respighi, Jorge Mester & West Australian Symphony Orchestra
Rossiniana - suite from Rossini's "Les riens"
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Rossiniana - suite from Rossini's "Les riens" Rossiniana - suite from Rossini's "Les riens" Rossiniana - suite from Rossini's "Les riens" Rossiniana - suite from Rossini's "Les riens"
Ottorino Respighi
Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite 1, 3rd mvt :Villanella
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Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite 1, 3rd mvt :Villanella Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite 1, 3rd mvt :Villanella Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite 1, 3rd mvt :Villanella Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite 1, 3rd mvt :Villanella
Ottorino Respighi, Symfonický orchester Slovenského rozhlasu & Adriano
Third movement : allegretto vivace from Suite (Sinfonia) in E major
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Third movement : allegretto vivace from Suite (Sinfonia) in E major Third movement : allegretto vivace from Suite (Sinfonia) in E major Third movement : allegretto vivace from Suite (Sinfonia) in E major Third movement : allegretto vivace from Suite (Sinfonia) in E major
Ottorino Respighi, BBC Philharmonic & Gianandrea Noseda
Burlesca, P59
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Burlesca, P59 Burlesca, P59 Burlesca, P59 Burlesca, P59
Ottorino Respighi, BBC Philharmonic & Gianandrea Noseda
Pini di Roma - symphonic poem
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Pini di Roma - symphonic poem Pini di Roma - symphonic poem Pini di Roma - symphonic poem Pini di Roma - symphonic poem
West Australian Symphony Orchestra, Ottorino Respighi & Jorge Mester
Impressioni Brasiliane [Brazilian Impressions] for orchestra (1928)
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Impressioni Brasiliane [Brazilian Impressions] for orchestra (1928) Impressioni Brasiliane [Brazilian Impressions] for orchestra (1928) Impressioni Brasiliane [Brazilian Impressions] for orchestra (1928) Impressioni Brasiliane [Brazilian Impressions] for orchestra (1928)
Ottorino Respighi, London Symphony Orchestra & Antal Doráti
The Birds: Prelude
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The Birds: Prelude The Birds: Prelude The Birds: Prelude The Birds: Prelude
Ottorino Respighi & BBC Philharmonic, Gianadrea Noseda (conductor)
Rossiniana; 1st movt
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Rossiniana; 1st movt Rossiniana; 1st movt Rossiniana; 1st movt Rossiniana; 1st movt
Ottorino Respighi, CBC Radio Orchestra & Mario Bernardi
Ancient Airs and Dances - Suite No.2
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Ancient Airs and Dances - Suite No.2 Ancient Airs and Dances - Suite No.2 Ancient Airs and Dances - Suite No.2 Ancient Airs and Dances - Suite No.2
Ottorino Respighi & Jonathan Freeman-Attwood and Daniel-Ben Pienaar
Gli Uccelli 2nd mvt ‘La colomba’
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Gli Uccelli 2nd mvt ‘La colomba’ Gli Uccelli 2nd mvt ‘La colomba’ Gli Uccelli 2nd mvt ‘La colomba’ Gli Uccelli 2nd mvt ‘La colomba’

Gli Uccelli 2nd mvt ‘La colomba’

Performer
Jonathan Freeman-Attwood and Daniel-Ben Pienaar
San Francisco Symphony, Ottorino Respighi & Edo de Waart
Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini della via Appia
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Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini della via Appia Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini della via Appia Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini della via Appia Pini di Roma - symphonic poem, I Pini della via Appia
Ottorino Respighi, Sir Neville Marriner & Academy of St Martin in the Fields
Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra
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Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra
Ottorino Respighi, Michał Nesterowicz & Wroclaw Leopoldinium Chamber Orchestra
Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite
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Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite
Ottorino Respighi, Claudio Scimone & I Solisti Veneti
Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite, Preludio (Allegro moderato)
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Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite, Preludio (Allegro moderato) Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite, Preludio (Allegro moderato) Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite, Preludio (Allegro moderato) Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite, Preludio (Allegro moderato)
The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy & Ottorino Respighi
Prelude from The Birds
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Prelude from The Birds Prelude from The Birds Prelude from The Birds Prelude from The Birds
Ottorino Respighi, The Borusan Istanbul Philharmonic Orchestra & Sascha Goetzel
Belkis, regina di Saba - suite, (Belkis, Queen of Sheba)
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Belkis, regina di Saba - suite, (Belkis, Queen of Sheba) Belkis, regina di Saba - suite, (Belkis, Queen of Sheba) Belkis, regina di Saba - suite, (Belkis, Queen of Sheba) Belkis, regina di Saba - suite, (Belkis, Queen of Sheba)
Ottorino Respighi, István Kertész & London Symphony Orchestra
Pines of Rome
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Pines of Rome Pines of Rome Pines of Rome Pines of Rome
Ottorino Respighi, Geoffrey Simon & Philharmonia Orchestra
Belkis, Queen of Sheba
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Belkis, Queen of Sheba Belkis, Queen of Sheba Belkis, Queen of Sheba Belkis, Queen of Sheba
All-Union Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra, Ottorino Respighi & Igor Kuljerić
Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932)
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Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932) Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932) Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932) Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932)

Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932)

Orchestra
Croatian Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra
Ottorino Respighi, Claudio Scimone & I Solisti Veneti
Italiana (Ancient airs and dances: III)
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Italiana (Ancient airs and dances: III) Italiana (Ancient airs and dances: III) Italiana (Ancient airs and dances: III) Italiana (Ancient airs and dances: III)
Ottorino Respighi, Angelico Francesco & BBC National Orchestra of Wales
Gli Ucelli The Birds
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Gli Ucelli The Birds Gli Ucelli The Birds Gli Ucelli The Birds Gli Ucelli The Birds
Ottorino Respighi, Ashley Riches & Emma Abbate
Serenata Indiana
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Serenata Indiana Serenata Indiana Serenata Indiana Serenata Indiana
Ottorino Respighi, László Heltay & Argo Chamber Orchestra
The Birth of Venus (Botticelli Triptych)
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The Birth of Venus (Botticelli Triptych) The Birth of Venus (Botticelli Triptych) The Birth of Venus (Botticelli Triptych) The Birth of Venus (Botticelli Triptych)
Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Ottorino Respighi, Gioachino Rossini & Charles Dutoit
La Boutique Fantastique: Galop
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La Boutique Fantastique: Galop La Boutique Fantastique: Galop La Boutique Fantastique: Galop La Boutique Fantastique: Galop
Ottorino Respighi, Sir Neville Marriner & Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 2 for small orchestra [arrs. of various composers]
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Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 2 for small orchestra [arrs. of various composers] Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 2 for small orchestra [arrs. of various composers] Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 2 for small orchestra [arrs. of various composers] Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 2 for small orchestra [arrs. of various composers]
Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Ottorino Respighi & Charles Dutoit
The Pines of Rome
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The Pines of Rome The Pines of Rome The Pines of Rome The Pines of Rome
Ottorino Respighi & Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra, no.2; L' Adorazione dei Magi
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Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra, no.2; L' Adorazione dei Magi Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra, no.2; L' Adorazione dei Magi Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra, no.2; L' Adorazione dei Magi Trittico Botticelliano for small orchestra, no.2; L' Adorazione dei Magi
Ottorino Respighi & Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields conducted by Neville Marriner
La Boutique Fantasque – Tarantella
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La Boutique Fantasque – Tarantella La Boutique Fantasque – Tarantella La Boutique Fantasque – Tarantella La Boutique Fantasque – Tarantella

La Boutique Fantasque – Tarantella

Performer
Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields conducted by Neville Marriner
Ottorino Respighi, BBC Philharmonic & Gianandrea Noseda
Two Movements from 5 Etudes Tableaux
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Two Movements from 5 Etudes Tableaux Two Movements from 5 Etudes Tableaux Two Movements from 5 Etudes Tableaux Two Movements from 5 Etudes Tableaux
Ottorino Respighi, Seiji Ozawa & Boston Symphony Orchestra
Pini di Roma - symphonic poem
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Pini di Roma - symphonic poem Pini di Roma - symphonic poem Pini di Roma - symphonic poem Pini di Roma - symphonic poem
Ottorino Respighi, Claudio Scimone & I Solisti Veneti
Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite
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Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite
BBC Philharmonic, Gianandrea Noseda & Ottorino Respighi
Burlesca for Orchestra
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Burlesca for Orchestra Burlesca for Orchestra Burlesca for Orchestra Burlesca for Orchestra
Monte Carlo National Opera Orchestra, Ottorino Respighi, Yakov Kreizberg & Julia Fischer
Poema Autunnale
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Poema Autunnale Poema Autunnale Poema Autunnale Poema Autunnale
Sir Neville Marriner, Ottorino Respighi & Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 3..., no.3; Siciliana[anon. c.1600]
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Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 3..., no.3; Siciliana[anon. c.1600] Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 3..., no.3; Siciliana[anon. c.1600] Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 3..., no.3; Siciliana[anon. c.1600] Ancient airs and dances for lute - suite no. 3..., no.3; Siciliana[anon. c.1600]
Ottorino Respighi, BBC National Orchestra of Wales & Franceso Angelico
The Birds
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The Birds The Birds The Birds The Birds
Lamberto Gardelli, Ottorino Respighi & London Symphony Orchestra
Belfagor Overture
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Belfagor Overture Belfagor Overture Belfagor Overture Belfagor Overture
Ottorino Respighi, Buffalo Philharmonic & JoAnn Falletta
Brazilian Impressions: Song and Dance
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Brazilian Impressions: Song and Dance Brazilian Impressions: Song and Dance Brazilian Impressions: Song and Dance Brazilian Impressions: Song and Dance
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