Francis Poulenc Biography (BBC)
It was the French critic Claude Rostand who made the classic distinction between Poulenc the monk (‘le moine’) and Poulenc the bad boy (‘le voyou’). Had he been writing when the composer was in his early thirties rather than his early fifties, Rostand would not have been able to make such a distinction: there was only the bad boy. What changed things – following the trauma of the death of a colleague in a particularly horrific road accident in 1936 – was a revelatory first visit to the chapel of the Black Virgin at Rocamadour. Immediately on leaving there Poulenc made a start on his Litanies à la Vierge noire, the first in a series of 12 religious choral works written over the remaining 27 years of his life.
During his childhood he had been influenced less by his God-fearing father – one of the founders of the chemical manufacturing company that became Rhône-Poulenc – than by his mother, who was not very religious but was very musical. He absorbed cabaret and dance music as thoroughly as classical music from Monteverdi to Stravinsky via Mozart. His refusal to discriminate between the two types is one of the most distinctive, most appealing and most durable features of his own compositions, many of which are all the better for their quota of ‘bad-boy’ music.
Not having had a conservatoire training, though he studied piano with Ricardo Viñes and harmony with Charles Koechlin, he needed a model. That is where Stravinsky came in. Stravinsky was the dominant influence on his music not only in the 1920s – when Poulenc found early notoriety as one of the so-called ‘Groupe des Six’ under the anti-Impressionist aesthetic leadership of Jean Cocteau – but through much of his career. In fact, it would take him as long to integrate the Stravinsky idiom into his own harmonic language as to reconcile the monk and the bad-boy elements in his make-up.
Poulenc was an entertaining and affectionate companion who loved music above everything else. Recent biographies have made much of his homosexuality but it was no more important to his development than any other composer’s sexuality to his or hers. Besides, apart from the fact that he was by no means exclusively homosexual, the two most fruitful relationships in his adult life were strictly platonic. But for his long-term recital partnership with the baritone Pierre Bernac he would not have provided a catalogue of songs as distinguished as any in the 20th century. And without his loving admiration for the soprano Denise Duval, for whom he conceived the roles of Blanche in Dialogues des Carmélites and the solitary protagonist in La voix humaine, his last two operas might not have been written at all.
Profile © Gerald Larner
Francis Poulenc Biography (Wikipedia)
Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (7 January 1899 – 30 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist. His compositions include mélodies, solo piano works, chamber music, choral pieces, operas, ballets, and orchestral concert music. Among the best-known are the piano suite Trois mouvements perpétuels (1919), the ballet Les biches (1923), the Concert champêtre (1928) for harpsichord and orchestra, the Organ Concerto (1938), the opera Dialogues des Carmélites (1957), and the Gloria (1959) for soprano, choir and orchestra.
Poulenc's wealthy family intended him for a business career in the Rhone Poulenc family company and did not allow him to enrol at a music college. Largely self-educated musically, he studied with the pianist Ricardo Viñes, who became his mentor after the composer's parents died. Poulenc soon came under the influence of Erik Satie, under whose tutelage he became one of a group of young composers known collectively as Les Six. In his early works Poulenc became known for his high spirits and irreverence. During the 1930s a much more serious side to his nature emerged, particularly in the religious music he composed from 1936 onwards, which he alternated with his more light-hearted works.
- Proms interval talk: Introducing Poulenc's Stabat Materhttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p040vdcl.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p040vdcl.jpg2016-07-21T13:07:00.000ZRecorded at the Imperial College Union ahead of the Prom, Louise Fryer hosts Jeremy Sams and Richard Langham Smith as they introduce Poulenc's Stabat Mater.http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p0424g7m
Proms interval talk: Introducing Poulenc's Stabat Mater
- Poulenc: Organ Concertohttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p03cy30b.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p03cy30b.jpg2015-12-26T09:00:00.000ZBuilding a Library recommends a version of Poulenc's Organ Concertohttp://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p03cyd45
Poulenc: Organ Concerto
- Poulenc: Flute Sonatahttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p0381qs1.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p0381qs1.jpg2015-11-14T14:03:00.000ZDavid Owen Norris compares recordings of Poulenc's ever-green Flute Sonata of 1957 which has become a staple of the flautist's repertoire.http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p0381qw0
Poulenc: Flute Sonata
- Poulenc's important musical friendshipshttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p02x45tw.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p02x45tw.jpg2015-07-24T12:00:00.000ZDonald Macleod charts some of Francis Poulenc's important musical friendshipshttp://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p02xy06n
Poulenc's important musical friendships
- Francis Poulenc (1899-1963)https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020mldq.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020mldq.jpg2014-06-09T11:02:00.000ZDonald Macleod explores Francis Poulenc's unique musical voice - and sometimes troublesome character - showcasing a blend of much-loved favourites and rare works.http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p020mlgv
Francis Poulenc (1899-1963)
- Francis Poulenchttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020mk37.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020mk37.jpg2014-06-09T10:52:00.000ZDonald Macleod explores the life and work of Francis Poulenc.http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p020mk82
- Poulenc: Organ Concertohttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020by7p.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020by7p.jpg2014-06-04T14:36:00.000ZCharles Hazlewood explores Francis Poulenc's Concerto for Organ, Strings and Timpani.http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p020by7q
Poulenc: Organ Concerto
- Poulenc: Mass In Ghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020bxzp.jpghttps://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/240x135/p020bxzp.jpg2014-06-04T14:28:00.000ZStephen Johnson takes a look at Francis Poulenc's Mass in G. With the BBC Singers.http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/audiovideo/popular/p020bxzy
Poulenc: Mass In G
Francis Poulenc Tracks
Past BBC Events
Proms 1933: Prom 37
Proms 1931: Prom 25
Performances & Interviews from Similar Artists
Ravel: Piano Concerto (Left Hand)
Lively Laideronette: a movement from Ravel's Mother Goose live on In Tune
Oliver Wass performs a delightful Ravel Prelude live on In Tune
‘Not purely self-indulgence...’
Jean-Efflam Bavouzet captures the play of light on water (on the piano)
Sensational Scriabin from Peter Donohoe live on In Tune
Ravel: Boléro (in binaural sound)
Mats Lidström and Leif Kaner-Lidström play Scriabin's Romance live on In Tune
Oliver Wass plays Ravel live on In Tune