Francis Poulenc
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1899-01-07
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/5e1ef22b-310a-46ad-885b-4897b8c9c85a
Francis Poulenc

Francis Poulenc Biography (BBC)

It was the French critic Claude Rostand who made the classic distinction between Poulenc the monk (‘le moine’) and Poulenc the bad boy (‘le voyou’). Had he been writing when the composer was in his early thirties rather than his early fifties, Rostand would not have been able to make such a distinction: there was only the bad boy. What changed things – following the trauma of the death of a colleague in a particularly horrific road accident in 1936 – was a revelatory first visit to the chapel of the Black Virgin at Rocamadour. Immediately on leaving there Poulenc made a start on his Litanies à la Vierge noire, the first in a series of 12 religious choral works written over the remaining 27 years of his life.

During his childhood he had been influenced less by his God-fearing father – one of the founders of the chemical manufacturing company that became Rhône-Poulenc – than by his mother, who was not very religious but was very musical. He absorbed cabaret and dance music as thoroughly as classical music from Monteverdi to Stravinsky via Mozart. His refusal to discriminate between the two types is one of the most distinctive, most appealing and most durable features of his own compositions, many of which are all the better for their quota of ‘bad-boy’ music.

Not having had a conservatoire training, though he studied piano with Ricardo Viñes and harmony with Charles Koechlin, he needed a model. That is where Stravinsky came in. Stravinsky was the dominant influence on his music not only in the 1920s – when Poulenc found early notoriety as one of the so-called ‘Groupe des Six’ under the anti-Impressionist aesthetic leadership of Jean Cocteau – but through much of his career. In fact, it would take him as long to integrate the Stravinsky idiom into his own harmonic language as to reconcile the monk and the bad-boy elements in his make-up.

Poulenc was an entertaining and affectionate companion who loved music above everything else. Recent biographies have made much of his homosexuality but it was no more important to his development than any other composer’s sexuality to his or hers. Besides, apart from the fact that he was by no means exclusively homosexual, the two most fruitful relationships in his adult life were strictly platonic. But for his long-term recital partnership with the baritone Pierre Bernac he would not have provided a catalogue of songs as distinguished as any in the 20th century. And without his loving admiration for the soprano Denise Duval, for whom he conceived the roles of Blanche in Dialogues des Carmélites and the solitary protagonist in La voix humaine, his last two operas might not have been written at all.

Profile © Gerald Larner

Francis Poulenc Biography (Wikipedia)

Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (7 January 1899 – 30 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist. His compositions include mélodies, solo piano works, chamber music, choral pieces, operas, ballets, and orchestral concert music. Among the best-known are the piano suite Trois mouvements perpétuels (1919), the ballet Les biches (1923), the Concert champêtre (1928) for harpsichord and orchestra, the opera Dialogues des Carmélites (1957), and the Gloria (1959) for soprano, choir and orchestra.

His wealthy family intended Poulenc for a business career and did not allow him to enrol at a music college. Largely self-educated musically, he studied with the pianist Ricardo Viñes, who became his mentor after the composer's parents died. Poulenc soon came under the influence of Erik Satie, under whose tutelage he became one of a group of young composers known collectively as Les Six. In his early works Poulenc became known for his high spirits and irreverence. During the 1930s a much more serious side to his nature emerged, particularly in the religious music he composed from 1936 onwards, which he alternated with his more light-hearted works.

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Francis Poulenc Audio & Video


Francis Poulenc Performances

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Francis Poulenc
Hotel from Banalties
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Hotel from Banalties
Francis Poulenc
Mass in G major
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Mass in G major
Francis Poulenc
Gloria & Laudamus te from Gloria
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Gloria & Laudamus te from Gloria
Francis Poulenc
Trio for piano, oboe and bassoon
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Trio for piano, oboe and bassoon
Francis Poulenc
Konzert for Zwei Klaviere Und Orchester
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Konzert for Zwei Klaviere Und Orchester
Francis Poulenc
Piano Concerto: 3rd mvt, Rondeau a la Francaise
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Piano Concerto: 3rd mvt, Rondeau a la Francaise
Francis Poulenc
Vinea mea electa (4 motets pour un temps de Penitence)
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Vinea mea electa (4 motets pour un temps de Penitence)
Francis Poulenc
Chanson medieval from Trois Autres Melodies
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Chanson medieval from Trois Autres Melodies
Francis Poulenc
Improvisations no. 15 - Hommage a Edith Piaff
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Improvisations no. 15 - Hommage a Edith Piaff
Francis Poulenc
Les Animaux modales: suite (BBC Philharmonic Studio Concerts)
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Les Animaux modales: suite (BBC Philharmonic Studio Concerts)
Francis Poulenc
Sanctus (Mass in G major)
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Sanctus (Mass in G major)
Francis Poulenc
Fiancailles pour Rire no. 5: Violon
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Fiancailles pour Rire no. 5: Violon
Francis Poulenc
15 Improvisations, No.15
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15 Improvisations, No.15
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Playlists featuring Francis Poulenc


Past BBC Events

Prom 37 Proms 1933
http://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ep5p5v
Queen's Hall
1933-09-23T11:33:32
23
Sep
1933

Prom 37 Proms 1933

20:00
Queen's Hall
Prom 25 Proms 1931
http://www.bbc.co.uk/events/efq6v2
Queen's Hall
1931-09-05T11:33:32
5
Sep
1931

Prom 25 Proms 1931

20:00
Queen's Hall

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