Francis Poulenc
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1899-01-07
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/5e1ef22b-310a-46ad-885b-4897b8c9c85a
Francis Poulenc

Francis Poulenc Biography (BBC)

It was the French critic Claude Rostand who made the classic distinction between Poulenc the monk (‘le moine’) and Poulenc the bad boy (‘le voyou’). Had he been writing when the composer was in his early thirties rather than his early fifties, Rostand would not have been able to make such a distinction: there was only the bad boy. What changed things – following the trauma of the death of a colleague in a particularly horrific road accident in 1936 – was a revelatory first visit to the chapel of the Black Virgin at Rocamadour. Immediately on leaving there Poulenc made a start on his Litanies à la Vierge noire, the first in a series of 12 religious choral works written over the remaining 27 years of his life.

During his childhood he had been influenced less by his God-fearing father – one of the founders of the chemical manufacturing company that became Rhône-Poulenc – than by his mother, who was not very religious but was very musical. He absorbed cabaret and dance music as thoroughly as classical music from Monteverdi to Stravinsky via Mozart. His refusal to discriminate between the two types is one of the most distinctive, most appealing and most durable features of his own compositions, many of which are all the better for their quota of ‘bad-boy’ music.

Not having had a conservatoire training, though he studied piano with Ricardo Viñes and harmony with Charles Koechlin, he needed a model. That is where Stravinsky came in. Stravinsky was the dominant influence on his music not only in the 1920s – when Poulenc found early notoriety as one of the so-called ‘Groupe des Six’ under the anti-Impressionist aesthetic leadership of Jean Cocteau – but through much of his career. In fact, it would take him as long to integrate the Stravinsky idiom into his own harmonic language as to reconcile the monk and the bad-boy elements in his make-up.

Poulenc was an entertaining and affectionate companion who loved music above everything else. Recent biographies have made much of his homosexuality but it was no more important to his development than any other composer’s sexuality to his or hers. Besides, apart from the fact that he was by no means exclusively homosexual, the two most fruitful relationships in his adult life were strictly platonic. But for his long-term recital partnership with the baritone Pierre Bernac he would not have provided a catalogue of songs as distinguished as any in the 20th century. And without his loving admiration for the soprano Denise Duval, for whom he conceived the roles of Blanche in Dialogues des Carmélites and the solitary protagonist in La voix humaine, his last two operas might not have been written at all.

Profile © Gerald Larner

Francis Poulenc Biography (Wikipedia)

Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (7 January 1899 – 30 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist. His compositions include mélodies, solo piano works, chamber music, choral pieces, operas, ballets, and orchestral concert music. Among the best-known are the piano suite Trois mouvements perpétuels (1919), the ballet Les biches (1923), the Concert champêtre (1928) for harpsichord and orchestra, the Organ Concerto (1938), the opera Dialogues des Carmélites (1957), and the Gloria (1959) for soprano, choir and orchestra.

Poulenc's wealthy family intended him for a business career in the Rhone Poulenc family company and did not allow him to enrol at a music college. Largely self-educated musically, he studied with the pianist Ricardo Viñes, who became his mentor after the composer's parents died. Poulenc soon came under the influence of Erik Satie, under whose tutelage he became one of a group of young composers known collectively as Les Six. In his early works Poulenc became known for his high spirits and irreverence. During the 1930s a much more serious side to his nature emerged, particularly in the religious music he composed from 1936 onwards, which he alternated with his more light-hearted works.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Francis Poulenc Performances & Interviews


Francis Poulenc Tracks

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Francis Poulenc
4 Motets Pour Un Temps De Penitence For Chorus
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4 Motets Pour Un Temps De Penitence For Chorus
Francis Poulenc
Sextet for Piano and Wind (1st mvt: Allegro vivace)
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Sextet for Piano and Wind (1st mvt: Allegro vivace)
Francis Poulenc
Gloria
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Gloria
Francis Poulenc
Sept Chansons for choir
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Sept Chansons for choir
Francis Poulenc
Improvisation No 8 in A minor
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Improvisation No 8 in A minor
Francis Poulenc
Un soir de neige
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Un soir de neige
Francis Poulenc
Les Biches: Suite
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Les Biches: Suite
Francis Poulenc
Concert champetre for harpsichord and orchestra FP49
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Concert champetre for harpsichord and orchestra FP49
Francis Poulenc
Sextet for piano and winds
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Sextet for piano and winds
Francis Poulenc
Les Chemins de l'amour (valse chantee for voice and piano) [1940]
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Les Chemins de l'amour (valse chantee for voice and piano) [1940]
Francis Poulenc
Three Novelettes: No. 1 in C
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Three Novelettes: No. 1 in C
Francis Poulenc
Videntes stellam
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Videntes stellam
Francis Poulenc
Quem vidistis, pastores?
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Quem vidistis, pastores?
Francis Poulenc
Hodie Christus natus est
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Hodie Christus natus est
Francis Poulenc
Mélancolie
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Mélancolie
Francis Poulenc
Hodie Christus Natus Est (Quatre Motets pour le temps de Noel)
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Hodie Christus Natus Est (Quatre Motets pour le temps de Noel)
Francis Poulenc
Sextet for piano and wind quintet Op. 100
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Sextet for piano and wind quintet Op. 100
Francis Poulenc
Quatre motets pour le temps de Noel
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Quatre motets pour le temps de Noel
Francis Poulenc
Violon (Fiançailles pour rire)
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Violon (Fiançailles pour rire)
Francis Poulenc
Mélancolie
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Mélancolie
Francis Poulenc
Rondeau (Les biches)
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Rondeau (Les biches)
Francis Poulenc
Banalites (Hotel)
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Banalites (Hotel)
Francis Poulenc
Trois Mouvements perpetuels
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Trois Mouvements perpetuels
Francis Poulenc
Flute Sonata mvmt 1
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Flute Sonata mvmt 1
Francis Poulenc
Suite francaise (Sicilienne)
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Suite francaise (Sicilienne)
Francis Poulenc
Sonata arr. Berkeley for flute and orchestra (orig. for flute and piano)
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Sonata arr. Berkeley for flute and orchestra (orig. for flute and piano)
Francis Poulenc
Bleuet
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Bleuet
Francis Poulenc
15 Improvisations, No.15
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15 Improvisations, No.15
Francis Poulenc
Concerto for Organ, Timpani and Strings (excerpt)
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Concerto for Organ, Timpani and Strings (excerpt)
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Playlists featuring Francis Poulenc


Past BBC Events

Proms 1933: Prom 37
http://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ep5p5v
Queen's Hall
1933-09-23T01:23:55
23
Sep
1933

Proms 1933: Prom 37

20:00
Queen's Hall
Proms 1931: Prom 25
http://www.bbc.co.uk/events/efq6v2
Queen's Hall
1931-09-05T01:23:55
5
Sep
1931

Proms 1931: Prom 25

20:00
Queen's Hall

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