George Enescu
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1881-08-19
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/30f53666-aa3b-44c1-80c1-4d09929e28e8
George Enescu George Enescu George Enescu George Enescu

Biography

Pablo Casals called George Enescu ‘the greatest musical phenomenon since Mozart’. During his lifetime he was most famous as a violinist, pianist and conductor, internationally celebrated for his interpretation of the classics. As a composer, he was best known for ...

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Biography

Pablo Casals called George Enescu ‘the greatest musical phenomenon since Mozart’. During his lifetime he was most famous as a violinist, pianist and conductor, internationally celebrated for his interpretation of the classics.

As a composer, he was best known for a few early, colourfully ‘nationalist’ scores such as the Romanian Rhapsodies. Yet he considered himself a composer first and foremost, and his mature works – drawing on the rich heritage of Romanian gypsy music – have a sophistication and individuality that show him the equal of those other East European masters Bartók, Kodály, Janácek, Martinu and Szymanowski.

Enescu was born in Liveni Vîrnav, Romania, and entered the Vienna Conservatory at the age of 7, graduating with distinction as a violinist at the age of 10. Subsequently he played in orchestras under Brahms and in 1892 entered the Paris Conservatoire as a pupil of Massenet and Fauré and a fellow-student of Ravel. Within six years he had won first prize for violin at the Conservatoire as well as writing four symphonies and premiering his own Violin Concerto. He came to regard these as mere ‘school’ works and began numbering his compositions from the symphonic suite Poème roumain, Op. 1, premiered to great acclaim in Paris and Bucharest while he was still a student.

After his graduation Enescu lived a busy life as a performer, based in Paris but with frequent visits back to Romania. He was selfless in his generosity to his contemporaries and performed a great deal with such friends as Casals, Thibaud, Cortot, Kreisler and Ysaÿe. He spent the First World War in Romania, teaching at the Bucharest Conservatory and the Conservatory at Ias, where in 1917 he founded the George Enescu Symphony Orchestra.

He resumed his international career between the wars, and married the mentally unstable Princess Maruca Cantacuzino, for whom he cared for the rest of his life. His summers were devoted to composing.

The Second World War was again spent in Romania, where Enescu did what he could to try and shield gypsies and Jews from the pogroms of the Nazi occupation. Following the Communist seizure of power in Romania after the war, he returned to Paris, where he lived until his death. Although he visited the Dartington Festival in the late 1940s and was still considered a peerless interpreter of Beethoven and Bach, Enescu’s last years were spent in poverty and crippling pain, the result of a chronic curvature of the spine and a severe stroke.

Enescu was dedicated to the encouragement of young musicians. His pupils included his godson and especial protégé Dinu Lipatti, as well as Yehudi Menuhin, Arthur Grumiaux, Christian Ferras and Ida Haendel. As a composer he was not only inspired by Romanian folklore but also drew veins of Impressionism, post-Wagnerian chromaticism and Fauré-like aristocratic intricacy into a rich and unique synthesis. He founded no school and was internationalist in outlook; but after his death the Communist regime in Romania promoted him as a nationalist composer, diminishing his reputation as an original in his own right.

© Calum MacDonals



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Monique Savary, George Enescu & Tabea Zimmermann
Concertstucke for viola and piano (1906)
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Concertstucke for viola and piano (1906) Concertstucke for viola and piano (1906) Concertstucke for viola and piano (1906) Concertstucke for viola and piano (1906)
George Enescu, Chloë Hanslip, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Franz Waxman & Leonard Slatkin
Roumanian Rhapsody No.1 - for violin and orchestra
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Roumanian Rhapsody No.1 - for violin and orchestra Roumanian Rhapsody No.1 - for violin and orchestra Roumanian Rhapsody No.1 - for violin and orchestra Roumanian Rhapsody No.1 - for violin and orchestra
George Enescu, Leopold Stokowski & Symphony of the Air
Romanian Rhapsody No. 1
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Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 Romanian Rhapsody No. 1
George Enescu & Wind Soloists of the Oslo Philharmonic
Dixtuor
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Dixtuor Dixtuor Dixtuor Dixtuor
Gyozo Mate, George Enescu & Balázs Szokolay
Konzertstuck in F for viola and piano (1906)
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Konzertstuck in F for viola and piano (1906) Konzertstuck in F for viola and piano (1906) Konzertstuck in F for viola and piano (1906) Konzertstuck in F for viola and piano (1906)
George Enescu, Daniel Koch & Olivier Triendl
Cantabile et presto for flute and piano (1904)
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Cantabile et presto for flute and piano (1904) Cantabile et presto for flute and piano (1904) Cantabile et presto for flute and piano (1904) Cantabile et presto for flute and piano (1904)
George Enescu, Remus Azoitei & Schubert Ensemble
Aria and Scherzino
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Aria and Scherzino Aria and Scherzino Aria and Scherzino Aria and Scherzino
Romanian National Radio Orchestra, Romanian National Radio Choir, Camil Marinescu & George Enescu
Isis - Symphonic Poem
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Isis - Symphonic Poem Isis - Symphonic Poem Isis - Symphonic Poem Isis - Symphonic Poem

Isis - Symphonic Poem

Orchestra
Romanian National Radio Orchestra
Choir
Romanian National Radio Choir
Conductor
Camil Marinescu
George Enescu, BBC Concert Orchestra & Barry Wordsworth
Romanian Rhapsody No.1 in A major (Op.11 No.1)
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Romanian Rhapsody No.1 in A major (Op.11 No.1) Romanian Rhapsody No.1 in A major (Op.11 No.1) Romanian Rhapsody No.1 in A major (Op.11 No.1) Romanian Rhapsody No.1 in A major (Op.11 No.1)
Clara Cernat, Thierry Huillet & George Enescu
Sonata torso for violin and piano, from incomplete Sonata
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Sonata torso for violin and piano, from incomplete Sonata Sonata torso for violin and piano, from incomplete Sonata Sonata torso for violin and piano, from incomplete Sonata Sonata torso for violin and piano, from incomplete Sonata

Sonata torso for violin and piano, from incomplete Sonata

Performer
Clara Cernat
Thierry Huillet
George Enescu & Karim Said
Suite no. 2 in D major op. 10 – 4th mvt ‘Bourree’
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Suite no. 2 in D major op. 10 – 4th  mvt ‘Bourree’ Suite no. 2 in D major op. 10 – 4th  mvt ‘Bourree’ Suite no. 2 in D major op. 10 – 4th  mvt ‘Bourree’ Suite no. 2 in D major op. 10 – 4th  mvt ‘Bourree’

Suite no. 2 in D major op. 10 – 4th mvt ‘Bourree’

Performer
Karim Said
Last played on
George Enescu, Hannu Lintu & Tampere Filharmonia
Concert Overture on popular Romanian Themes in A
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Concert Overture on popular Romanian Themes in A Concert Overture on popular Romanian Themes in A Concert Overture on popular Romanian Themes in A Concert Overture on popular Romanian Themes in A
George Enescu, Patricia Kopatchinskaja & Polina Leschenko
Sonata no. 3 in A minor Op.25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) for violin
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Sonata no. 3 in A minor  Op.25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) for violin Sonata no. 3 in A minor  Op.25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) for violin Sonata no. 3 in A minor  Op.25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) for violin Sonata no. 3 in A minor  Op.25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) for violin
George Enescu & Patricia Kopatchinskaja
Violin Sonata No 3 in A minor, Op 25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain)
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Violin Sonata No 3 in A minor, Op 25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) Violin Sonata No 3 in A minor, Op 25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) Violin Sonata No 3 in A minor, Op 25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain) Violin Sonata No 3 in A minor, Op 25 (dans le caractere populaire roumain)
George Enescu, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra & Constantin Silvestri
Romanian Rhapsody No.1
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Romanian Rhapsody No.1 Romanian Rhapsody No.1 Romanian Rhapsody No.1 Romanian Rhapsody No.1
George Enescu, Sharon Bezaly & Roland Pöntinen
Cantabile and presto for flute and piano [1904]
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Cantabile and presto for flute and piano [1904] Cantabile and presto for flute and piano [1904] Cantabile and presto for flute and piano [1904] Cantabile and presto for flute and piano [1904]
Romanian National Radio Orchestra, George Enescu & Horia Andreescu
Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major (Op.11 no.1)
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Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major (Op.11 no.1) Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major (Op.11 no.1) Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major (Op.11 no.1) Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major (Op.11 no.1)

Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 in A major (Op.11 no.1)

Orchestra
Romanian National Radio Orchestra
George Enescu, Romanian Radio National Symphony Orchestra & Tiberiu Soare
Symphony no. 1 in E flat major Op.13
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Symphony no. 1 in E flat major Op.13 Symphony no. 1 in E flat major Op.13 Symphony no. 1 in E flat major Op.13 Symphony no. 1 in E flat major Op.13

Symphony no. 1 in E flat major Op.13

Orchestra
Romanian Radio National Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Tiberiu Soare
Lawrence Foster, Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne & George Enescu
Decet for wind (Op.14), 3rd movement
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Decet for wind (Op.14), 3rd movement Decet for wind (Op.14), 3rd movement Decet for wind (Op.14), 3rd movement Decet for wind (Op.14), 3rd movement
London Symphony Orchestra, George Enescu & Antal Doráti
Romanian Rhapsody, Op. 11 No. 1
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Romanian Rhapsody, Op. 11 No. 1 Romanian Rhapsody, Op. 11 No. 1 Romanian Rhapsody, Op. 11 No. 1 Romanian Rhapsody, Op. 11 No. 1
Remus Azoitei, Schubert Ensemble of London & George Enescu
Aria and scherzino
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Aria and scherzino Aria and scherzino Aria and scherzino Aria and scherzino

Aria and scherzino

Ensemble
Schubert Ensemble of London
Performer
Remus Azoitei
Last played on
George Enescu & Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Jarvi (conductor)
Romanian Rhapsody, Op.11No.1 in A major
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Romanian Rhapsody, Op.11No.1 in A major Romanian Rhapsody, Op.11No.1 in A major Romanian Rhapsody, Op.11No.1 in A major Romanian Rhapsody, Op.11No.1 in A major

Romanian Rhapsody, Op.11No.1 in A major

Performer
Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Jarvi (conductor)
George Enescu & Matild Lloyd 
Legende 
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Legende  Legende  Legende  Legende 
Antal Doráti, George Enescu & London Symphony Orchestra
Romanian rhapsody no. 1 (Op.11`1) in A major (feat. London Symphony Orchestra)
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Romanian rhapsody no. 1 (Op.11`1) in A major (feat. London Symphony Orchestra) Romanian rhapsody no. 1 (Op.11`1) in A major (feat. London Symphony Orchestra) Romanian rhapsody no. 1 (Op.11`1) in A major (feat. London Symphony Orchestra) Romanian rhapsody no. 1 (Op.11`1) in A major (feat. London Symphony Orchestra)
George Enescu & Dinu Lipatti
Piano Sonata No.3 in D major (Op.24) (feat. Dinu Lipatti)
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Piano Sonata No.3 in D major (Op.24) (feat. Dinu Lipatti) Piano Sonata No.3 in D major (Op.24) (feat. Dinu Lipatti) Piano Sonata No.3 in D major (Op.24) (feat. Dinu Lipatti) Piano Sonata No.3 in D major (Op.24) (feat. Dinu Lipatti)
Romanian National Radio Orchestra, George Enescu & Horia Andreescu
Suite no. 3 in D major Op.27 (Suite villageoise) for orch.: Gamins en plein air
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Suite no. 3 in D major Op.27 (Suite villageoise) for orch.: Gamins en plein air Suite no. 3 in D major Op.27 (Suite villageoise) for orch.: Gamins en plein air Suite no. 3 in D major Op.27 (Suite villageoise) for orch.: Gamins en plein air Suite no. 3 in D major Op.27 (Suite villageoise) for orch.: Gamins en plein air

Suite no. 3 in D major Op.27 (Suite villageoise) for orch.: Gamins en plein air

Performer
Romanian National Radio Orchestra, George Enescu & Horia Andreescu
Last played on
George Enescu & Mihaela Ursuleasa
Romanian Rhapsody no 1 op 11 (feat. Mihaela Ursuleasa)
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Romanian Rhapsody no 1 op 11 (feat. Mihaela Ursuleasa) Romanian Rhapsody no 1 op 11 (feat. Mihaela Ursuleasa) Romanian Rhapsody no 1 op 11 (feat. Mihaela Ursuleasa) Romanian Rhapsody no 1 op 11 (feat. Mihaela Ursuleasa)
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