Franz Liszt
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1811-10-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/2cd475bb-1abd-40c4-9904-6d4b691c752c
Franz Liszt Franz Liszt Franz Liszt Franz Liszt

Biography

Franciscus Liszt – named after the monastic order which his father Adam had once joined – was born in Raiding in eastern Austria, where Adam Liszt was a manager on the Eszterházy estates, and had been a cellist in the ...

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Biography

Franciscus Liszt – named after the monastic order which his father Adam had once joined – was born in Raiding in eastern Austria, where Adam Liszt was a manager on the Eszterházy estates, and had been a cellist in the palace orchestra when Haydn was Kapellmeister. Adam took his amazingly gifted young son first to Vienna to study with Czerny (piano) and Salieri (composition), then to Paris. Aged 15 when Adam died, Liszt was already famous as a pianist of mesmerising virtuosity and musicianship.

The 1830 Paris revolution established Liszt’s republican political sympathies. Further radical influences were the music of Berlioz, Paganini’s violin playing, and friendship with the maverick Catholic Abbé Lamennais. A relationship with the older (and married) Countess Marie d’Agoult necessitated the couple’s elopement to Switzerland and Italy, where their three children were born (their daughter Cosima was to become Wagner’s second wife). When the River Danube disastrously flooded in 1838, Liszt’s fundraising concerts awoke a proud awareness of his Hungarian roots. The next years of concert touring thrilled audiences from Ireland to the Ukraine, with Liszt performing a formidable repertoire, ranging from Handel to Chopin besides his own music.

From 1847 Liszt rarely played in public. Settling in Weimar with the Ukrainian (and married) Princess Carolyne Sayn- Wittgenstein, he composed, taught piano pupils and conducted and enlarged the Weimar orchestra: major events were the premiere of Wagner’s Lohengrin (1850) and two Berlioz festivals. Revisions of piano music from the Swiss and Italian years produced supreme Romantic masterworks in the first two books of Années de pèlerinage (1838–61) and Études d’exécution transcendante (1838–51), and a remarkable fusion of sacred inspiration and secular forms in Harmonies poétiques et religieuses (1833–53). Besides the Sonata in B minor (1852–3), Liszt also completed two piano concertos (1849–56 and 1859); his Dante Symphony (1856–7) and Faust Symphony (1856–7); a Missa solemnis for the new cathedral of Esztergom (Gran) in 1855–8; and an uneven, but powerfully influential set of 12 symphonic poems (1841–58).

In 1861 Liszt followed Princess Carolyne to Rome, where Vatican-related intrigues concerning the annulment of her Catholic marriage destroyed her and Liszt’s own marriage plans. Staying on in the city, Liszt took minor Catholic orders and completed two large-scale oratorios, St Elisabeth (1857–62) and Christus (1866– 72). From 1869 Abbé Liszt divided his life between Rome, Weimar and Budapest, completing a third book of Années de pèlerinage in 1877, and exploring an astonishing, pre-modernist sound-world in his last piano and choral works.

Profile © Malcolm Hayes

Clips (18)


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Franz Liszt, London Philharmonic Orchestra & Bernard Haitink
Tasso, Lamento e Trionfo, S96
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Tasso, Lamento e Trionfo, S96 Tasso, Lamento e Trionfo, S96 Tasso, Lamento e Trionfo, S96 Tasso, Lamento e Trionfo, S96
Franz Liszt, Ulf Wallin & Roland Pöntinen
Die Zelle in Nonnenwerth, S 382 bis
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Die Zelle in Nonnenwerth, S 382 bis Die Zelle in Nonnenwerth, S 382 bis Die Zelle in Nonnenwerth, S 382 bis Die Zelle in Nonnenwerth, S 382 bis
Emil von Sauer & Franz Liszt
Etude No.4 in D minor 'Mazeppa'
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Etude No.4 in D minor 'Mazeppa' Etude No.4 in D minor 'Mazeppa' Etude No.4 in D minor 'Mazeppa' Etude No.4 in D minor 'Mazeppa'
Franz Liszt & Kevin Kenner
Ballade No.2 in B minor
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Ballade No.2 in B minor Ballade No.2 in B minor Ballade No.2 in B minor Ballade No.2 in B minor
Franz Liszt, London Symphony Orchestra & Antal Doráti
Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth'
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Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth' Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth' Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth' Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth'

Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth'

Composer
Orchestra
London Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Franz Liszt & Louis Lortie
Annees de pelerinage - 3me annee (S.163), Les Jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este
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Annees de pelerinage - 3me annee (S.163), Les Jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este Annees de pelerinage - 3me annee (S.163), Les Jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este Annees de pelerinage - 3me annee (S.163), Les Jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este Annees de pelerinage - 3me annee (S.163), Les Jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este
Alfred Brendel & Franz Liszt
Piano Sonata in B minor, S178
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Piano Sonata in B minor, S178 Piano Sonata in B minor, S178 Piano Sonata in B minor, S178 Piano Sonata in B minor, S178
Murray Perahia, Franz Schubert & Franz Liszt
Aus dem wasser zu singen for piano arr. Liszt for piano
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Aus dem wasser zu singen for piano arr. Liszt for piano Aus dem wasser zu singen for piano arr. Liszt for piano Aus dem wasser zu singen for piano arr. Liszt for piano Aus dem wasser zu singen for piano arr. Liszt for piano

Aus dem wasser zu singen for piano arr. Liszt for piano

Composer
Franz Schubert
Music Arranger
Last played on
Franz Liszt & John Ogdon
Liebestraum No.3
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Liebestraum No.3 Liebestraum No.3 Liebestraum No.3 Liebestraum No.3
Jos van Immerseel & Franz Liszt
La Notte (No.2 from 3 odes funebres)
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La Notte (No.2 from 3 odes funebres) La Notte (No.2 from 3 odes funebres) La Notte (No.2 from 3 odes funebres) La Notte (No.2 from 3 odes funebres)
Franz Liszt & Kirill Gerstein
Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.12 Chasse-neige in B flat
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Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.12 Chasse-neige in B flat Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.12 Chasse-neige in B flat Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.12 Chasse-neige in B flat Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.12 Chasse-neige in B flat
Franz Liszt & Kirill Gerstein
Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.7 in E flat major - Eroica
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Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.7 in E flat major - Eroica Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.7 in E flat major - Eroica Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.7 in E flat major - Eroica Etudes d'execution transcendante (S.139), no.7 in E flat major - Eroica
Yuri Boukoff & Franz Liszt
Apres une Lecture de Dante: Fantasia quasi Sonata
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Apres une Lecture de Dante: Fantasia quasi Sonata Apres une Lecture de Dante: Fantasia quasi Sonata Apres une Lecture de Dante: Fantasia quasi Sonata Apres une Lecture de Dante: Fantasia quasi Sonata
Franz Liszt, Benjamin Grosvenor (piano) & BBC Symphony Orchestra
Piano Concerto No 2 in A, S125
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Piano Concerto No 2 in A, S125 Piano Concerto No 2 in A, S125 Piano Concerto No 2 in A, S125 Piano Concerto No 2 in A, S125
Franz Liszt, Sir Georg Solti & London Philharmonic Orchestra
Prometheus: symphonic poem, S99
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Prometheus: symphonic poem, S99 Prometheus: symphonic poem, S99 Prometheus: symphonic poem, S99 Prometheus: symphonic poem, S99
Murray Perahia & Franz Liszt
Annees de pelerinage - 1er annee, Suisse (S.160), Au bord d'une source
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Annees de pelerinage - 1er annee, Suisse (S.160), Au bord d'une source Annees de pelerinage - 1er annee, Suisse (S.160), Au bord d'une source Annees de pelerinage - 1er annee, Suisse (S.160), Au bord d'une source Annees de pelerinage - 1er annee, Suisse (S.160), Au bord d'une source
Lazar Berman & Franz Liszt
Les Jeux d’eau a la Villa d’Este
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Les Jeux d’eau a la Villa d’Este Les Jeux d’eau a la Villa d’Este Les Jeux d’eau a la Villa d’Este Les Jeux d’eau a la Villa d’Este
Jos van Immerseel & Franz Liszt
A la Chapelle Sixtine (Miserere de Allegri et Ave verum corpus de Mozart) (1862)
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A la Chapelle Sixtine (Miserere de Allegri et Ave verum corpus de Mozart) (1862) A la Chapelle Sixtine (Miserere de Allegri et Ave verum corpus de Mozart) (1862) A la Chapelle Sixtine (Miserere de Allegri et Ave verum corpus de Mozart) (1862) A la Chapelle Sixtine (Miserere de Allegri et Ave verum corpus de Mozart) (1862)
Jos van Immerseel & Franz Liszt
Abschied, russisches Volkslied (1885)
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Abschied, russisches Volkslied (1885) Abschied, russisches Volkslied (1885) Abschied, russisches Volkslied (1885) Abschied, russisches Volkslied (1885)
Janina Fialkowska, Robert Schumann & Franz Liszt
Widmung from Liederkreise, S.566
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Widmung from Liederkreise, S.566 Widmung from Liederkreise, S.566 Widmung from Liederkreise, S.566 Widmung from Liederkreise, S.566
Franz Liszt & Elina Bertina
Vallée d'Obermann, from Années de pèlerinage - 1er année, Suisse S.160
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Vallée d'Obermann, from Années de pèlerinage - 1er année, Suisse S.160 Vallée d'Obermann, from Années de pèlerinage - 1er année, Suisse S.160 Vallée d'Obermann, from Années de pèlerinage - 1er année, Suisse S.160 Vallée d'Obermann, from Années de pèlerinage - 1er année, Suisse S.160

Vallée d'Obermann, from Années de pèlerinage - 1er année, Suisse S.160

Composer
Performer
Elina Bertina
Georges Cziffra & Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No.11 in A minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No.11 in A minor Hungarian Rhapsody No.11 in A minor Hungarian Rhapsody No.11 in A minor Hungarian Rhapsody No.11 in A minor
Franz Liszt & Yundi
6 Grandes etudes de Paganini S.141 for piano: no.3 in G sharp minor; La Campanella
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6 Grandes etudes de Paganini S.141 for piano: no.3 in G sharp minor; La Campanella 6 Grandes etudes de Paganini S.141 for piano: no.3 in G sharp minor; La Campanella 6 Grandes etudes de Paganini S.141 for piano: no.3 in G sharp minor; La Campanella 6 Grandes etudes de Paganini S.141 for piano: no.3 in G sharp minor; La Campanella

6 Grandes etudes de Paganini S.141 for piano: no.3 in G sharp minor; La Campanella

Composer
Performer
Last played on
Franz Liszt, Sergiu Comissiona & Vancouver Symphony Orchestra
Hungarian Rhapsody No.1 for Orchestra in F minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No.1 for Orchestra in F minor Hungarian Rhapsody No.1 for Orchestra in F minor Hungarian Rhapsody No.1 for Orchestra in F minor Hungarian Rhapsody No.1 for Orchestra in F minor
Louis Schwizgebel, Franz Schubert & Franz Liszt
Standchen ("Leise flehen"), arr. Liszt for piano
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Standchen ("Leise flehen"), arr. Liszt for piano Standchen ("Leise flehen"), arr. Liszt for piano Standchen ("Leise flehen"), arr. Liszt for piano Standchen ("Leise flehen"), arr. Liszt for piano
Franz Liszt & Raymond Richards
Apres une lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi sonata)
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Apres une lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi sonata) Apres une lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi sonata) Apres une lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi sonata) Apres une lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi sonata)
Franz Liszt & François-René Duchâble
(Rossini) Soirees musicales (S.424) transc. for piano, no.9; La Danza
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(Rossini) Soirees musicales (S.424) transc. for piano, no.9; La Danza (Rossini) Soirees musicales (S.424) transc. for piano, no.9; La Danza (Rossini) Soirees musicales (S.424) transc. for piano, no.9; La Danza (Rossini) Soirees musicales (S.424) transc. for piano, no.9; La Danza
Franz Liszt & Stephen Hough
Mephisto waltz no. 2 S.515 for piano
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Mephisto waltz no. 2 S.515 for piano Mephisto waltz no. 2 S.515 for piano Mephisto waltz no. 2 S.515 for piano Mephisto waltz no. 2 S.515 for piano
Franz Liszt & Alessandro Taverna
Rigoletto Paraphrase
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Rigoletto Paraphrase Rigoletto Paraphrase Rigoletto Paraphrase Rigoletto Paraphrase
Janina Fialkowska & Franz Liszt
Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
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Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162) Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162) Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162) Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
Franz Liszt & Ladislav Fanzowitz
Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
Magda Freymann, Franz Liszt, Katalin Szókefalvi-Nagy & Gay, Delphine
Il m'aimait tant! (S.271)
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Il m'aimait tant! (S.271) Il m'aimait tant! (S.271) Il m'aimait tant! (S.271) Il m'aimait tant! (S.271)
Fryderyk Chopin, Janina Fialkowska & Franz Liszt
The Maiden's Wish (from "Six Polish songs", S.480)
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The Maiden's Wish (from "Six Polish songs", S.480) The Maiden's Wish (from "Six Polish songs", S.480) The Maiden's Wish (from "Six Polish songs", S.480) The Maiden's Wish (from "Six Polish songs", S.480)
London Symphony Orchestra, Franz Liszt & Antal Doráti
Hungarian Rhapsody No. 3 in D major
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Hungarian Rhapsody No. 3 in D major Hungarian Rhapsody No. 3 in D major Hungarian Rhapsody No. 3 in D major Hungarian Rhapsody No. 3 in D major
Franz Liszt & Bernhard Stavenhagen
Legende No.1: St. Francois d'Assise prechant aux oiseaux (S.175)
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Legende No.1: St. Francois d'Assise prechant aux oiseaux (S.175) Legende No.1: St. Francois d'Assise prechant aux oiseaux (S.175) Legende No.1: St. Francois d'Assise prechant aux oiseaux (S.175) Legende No.1: St. Francois d'Assise prechant aux oiseaux (S.175)
Franz Liszt, Lietuvos nacionalinis simfoninis orkestras & Juozas Domarkas
Tasso: lamento e trionfo - symphonic poem after Byron (S.96)
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Tasso: lamento e trionfo - symphonic poem after Byron (S.96) Tasso: lamento e trionfo - symphonic poem after Byron (S.96) Tasso: lamento e trionfo - symphonic poem after Byron (S.96) Tasso: lamento e trionfo - symphonic poem after Byron (S.96)
Tanguy & Franz Liszt
Bénédiction de Dieu dans la solitude
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Bénédiction de Dieu dans la solitude Bénédiction de Dieu dans la solitude Bénédiction de Dieu dans la solitude Bénédiction de Dieu dans la solitude
Reinbert de Leeuw, Franz Liszt & Nederlands Kamerkoor
Via Crucis: nos.13 & 14
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Via Crucis: nos.13 & 14 Via Crucis: nos.13 & 14 Via Crucis: nos.13 & 14 Via Crucis: nos.13 & 14
Richard Wagner, Yulianna Avdeeva & Franz Liszt
Overture to Tannhauser S.442
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Overture to Tannhauser S.442 Overture to Tannhauser S.442 Overture to Tannhauser S.442 Overture to Tannhauser S.442
Franz Liszt & François-Frédéric Guy
Funerailles - from Harmonies poetiques et religieuses: 10 pieces for piano
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Funerailles - from Harmonies poetiques et religieuses: 10 pieces for piano Funerailles - from Harmonies poetiques et religieuses: 10 pieces for piano Funerailles - from Harmonies poetiques et religieuses: 10 pieces for piano Funerailles - from Harmonies poetiques et religieuses: 10 pieces for piano
Khatia Buniatishvili & Franz Liszt
Mephisto waltz no. 1 (S.514)
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Mephisto waltz no. 1 (S.514) Mephisto waltz no. 1 (S.514) Mephisto waltz no. 1 (S.514) Mephisto waltz no. 1 (S.514)
Ruan de Waal & Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody no.6 in D flat major
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Hungarian Rhapsody no.6 in D flat major Hungarian Rhapsody no.6 in D flat major Hungarian Rhapsody no.6 in D flat major Hungarian Rhapsody no.6 in D flat major
Franz Liszt, London Philharmonic Orchestra & Bernard Haitink
Hunnenschlacht
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Hunnenschlacht Hunnenschlacht Hunnenschlacht Hunnenschlacht
Franz Liszt, Gerald Finley & Julius Drake
Go not, happy day
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Go not, happy day Go not, happy day Go not, happy day Go not, happy day
Franz Liszt, Gerald Finley & Julius Drake
La tombe et la rose
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La tombe et la rose La tombe et la rose La tombe et la rose La tombe et la rose
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