Franz Liszt
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1811-10-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/2cd475bb-1abd-40c4-9904-6d4b691c752c
Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt Biography (BBC)

Franciscus Liszt – named after the monastic order which his father Adam had once joined – was born in Raiding in eastern Austria, where Adam Liszt was a manager on the Eszterházy estates, and had been a cellist in the palace orchestra when Haydn was Kapellmeister. Adam took his amazingly gifted young son first to Vienna to study with Czerny (piano) and Salieri (composition), then to Paris. Aged 15 when Adam died, Liszt was already famous as a pianist of mesmerising virtuosity and musicianship.

The 1830 Paris revolution established Liszt’s republican political sympathies. Further radical influences were the music of Berlioz, Paganini’s violin playing, and friendship with the maverick Catholic Abbé Lamennais. A relationship with the older (and married) Countess Marie d’Agoult necessitated the couple’s elopement to Switzerland and Italy, where their three children were born (their daughter Cosima was to become Wagner’s second wife). When the River Danube disastrously flooded in 1838, Liszt’s fundraising concerts awoke a proud awareness of his Hungarian roots. The next years of concert touring thrilled audiences from Ireland to the Ukraine, with Liszt performing a formidable repertoire, ranging from Handel to Chopin besides his own music.

From 1847 Liszt rarely played in public. Settling in Weimar with the Ukrainian (and married) Princess Carolyne Sayn- Wittgenstein, he composed, taught piano pupils and conducted and enlarged the Weimar orchestra: major events were the premiere of Wagner’s Lohengrin (1850) and two Berlioz festivals. Revisions of piano music from the Swiss and Italian years produced supreme Romantic masterworks in the first two books of Années de pèlerinage (1838–61) and Études d’exécution transcendante (1838–51), and a remarkable fusion of sacred inspiration and secular forms in Harmonies poétiques et religieuses (1833–53). Besides the Sonata in B minor (1852–3), Liszt also completed two piano concertos (1849–56 and 1859); his Dante Symphony (1856–7) and Faust Symphony (1856–7); a Missa solemnis for the new cathedral of Esztergom (Gran) in 1855–8; and an uneven, but powerfully influential set of 12 symphonic poems (1841–58).

In 1861 Liszt followed Princess Carolyne to Rome, where Vatican-related intrigues concerning the annulment of her Catholic marriage destroyed her and Liszt’s own marriage plans. Staying on in the city, Liszt took minor Catholic orders and completed two large-scale oratorios, St Elisabeth (1857–62) and Christus (1866– 72). From 1869 Abbé Liszt divided his life between Rome, Weimar and Budapest, completing a third book of Années de pèlerinage in 1877, and exploring an astonishing, pre-modernist sound-world in his last piano and choral works.

Profile © Malcolm Hayes

Franz Liszt Biography (Wikipedia)

Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc,; October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philosopher, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary.

Liszt gained renown in Europe during the early nineteenth century for his prodigious virtuosic skill as a pianist. He was said by his contemporaries to have been the most technically advanced pianist of his age, and in the 1840s he was considered to be the greatest pianist in history. However, Liszt himself stated that Charles-Valentin Alkan had superior technique to his own. Liszt was also a well-known and influential composer, piano teacher and conductor. He was a benefactor to other composers, including Frédéric Chopin, Richard Wagner, Hector Berlioz, Camille Saint-Saëns, Edvard Grieg, Ole Bull and Alexander Borodin.

As a composer, Liszt was one of the most prominent representatives of the New German School (Neudeutsche Schule). He left behind an extensive and diverse body of work in which he influenced his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated some 20th-century ideas and trends. Some of his most notable contributions were the invention of the symphonic poem, developing the concept of thematic transformation as part of his experiments in musical form, and making radical departures in harmony. He also played an important role in popularizing a wide array of music by transcribing it for piano.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Franz Liszt Audio & Video


Franz Liszt Performances

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Franz Liszt
(Schubert) Ave Maria (D.839) transcribed for piano
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(Schubert) Ave Maria (D.839) transcribed for piano
Franz Liszt
Oh! Quand je dors
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Oh! Quand je dors
Franz Liszt
3 Lieder: Ein Fichtenbaum S.309; Vergiftet sind meine Lieder S.289; Die Loreley S.273'1
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3 Lieder: Ein Fichtenbaum S.309; Vergiftet sind meine Lieder S.289; Die Loreley S.273'1
Franz Liszt
Etudes d'execution transcendante, S 139 No 11 in D Flat Major, 'Harmonies du soir'
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Etudes d'execution transcendante, S 139 No 11 in D Flat Major, 'Harmonies du soir'
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 in C sharp minor (S.244)
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Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 in C sharp minor (S.244)
Franz Liszt
Funerailles - No.7 from 'Harmonies poétiques et religieuses, S.173'
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Funerailles - No.7 from 'Harmonies poétiques et religieuses, S.173'
Franz Liszt
Nuages gris, S.199 for piano
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Nuages gris, S.199 for piano
Franz Liszt
3 Concert Etudes, S144 (La leggierezza)
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3 Concert Etudes, S144 (La leggierezza)
Franz Liszt
Sonetto 47 del Petrarca
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Sonetto 47 del Petrarca
Franz Liszt
Songs
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Songs
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 in C sharp minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 in C sharp minor
Franz Liszt
Les cloches de Genève
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Les cloches de Genève
Franz Liszt
Vallee d'Obermann (Annees de Pelerinage, Book 1: Suisse)
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Vallee d'Obermann (Annees de Pelerinage, Book 1: Suisse)
Franz Liszt
Wedding March & Variations from Mendelssohn's A Midsummer Night's Dream
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Wedding March & Variations from Mendelssohn's A Midsummer Night's Dream
Franz Liszt
Variations On Mendelssohn's "Wedding March"
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Variations On Mendelssohn's "Wedding March"
Franz Liszt
Notturno No.1 after a poem by Ludwig Uhland (Liebestraume, S.541)
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Notturno No.1 after a poem by Ludwig Uhland (Liebestraume, S.541)
Franz Liszt
Annees de pelerinage - Petrarch Sonett 104
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Annees de pelerinage - Petrarch Sonett 104
Franz Liszt
La Lugubre gondola
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La Lugubre gondola
Franz Liszt
Excerpts from from Harmonies Poetiques et Religieuses: 10 pieces for piano S.173
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Excerpts from from Harmonies Poetiques et Religieuses: 10 pieces for piano S.173
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth'
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Hungarian Rhapsody no. 6 for Orchestra 'Carnival in Pesth'
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