Hector Berlioz
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1803-12-11
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Hector Berlioz

Hector Berlioz Biography (BBC)

Berlioz: a profoundly original composer and brilliant writer; sensitive, agnostic, humorous, sardonic. During his life, and after his death his detractors outnumbered his admirers. A century later those detractors started to die out and Berlioz is now securely seated in the pantheon of great composers.

The eldest child of a country doctor, Berlioz duly enrolled in the School of Medicine in Paris. His determination to study composition was, however, so intense that he soon got himself accepted as a pupil of Jean-François Le Sueur. A seven-year apprenticeship which produced among other things his first orchestral work, the thrilling Les francs-juges Overture, culminated in 1830 when he won the prestigious Prix de Rome and single-handedly promoted the premiere of his Symphonie fantastique. This electrifying work made him notorious, not least because it included overt autobiography – his adolescent worship of Estelle Duboeuf (he was 12, she 18, when he first saw her) and his passion for Harriet Smithson, the Irish actress he was to marry.

Now began a career veering between heady success and debilitating failure. The decade after 1831 saw three more extraordinary symphonies (Harold in Italy, Romeo and Juliet, Symphonie funèbre et triomphale), the Requiem (the greatest success of his life), the opera Benvenuto Cellini (a failure) and the exquisite song cycle Les nuits d’été. But his music was so unconventional that it inevitably aroused antagonism, as did his journalism; in his secondary career as a music critic, prudence fought losing battles with artistic ideals. The positions to which he was obviously fitted – music director of the Opéra or professor at the Conservatoire – were denied him. For income he relied on his journalism, supplemented, from 1842, by concert tours abroad conducting (mostly) his own music. In Germany, Russia and England he was acclaimed the greatest conductor of his age.

The Revolution of 1848 left him contemptuous of politics, and his music became seemingly more ‘Classical’, notably in The Childhood of Christ (1854), a rare triumph. The splendours of his last great work, The Trojans (1856–8, never performed complete in his lifetime), showed, however, that his music was as modern as it had ever been. His final years were blighted by illness and then by the death of his son Louis. But a little earlier he had visited Estelle and rekindled that poignant relationship with which, if the facts were not more prosaic, one would like to think his life had become complete.

Profile © Ian Kemp

Hector Berlioz Biography (Wikipedia)

Hector Berlioz ( (English:); 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique and Grande messe des morts (Requiem). Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 songs. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.

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Hector Berlioz Audio & Video


Hector Berlioz Performances

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Hector Berlioz
Symphonie fantastique: V. Songe d'une nuit du Sabbat
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Symphonie fantastique: V. Songe d'une nuit du Sabbat
Hector Berlioz
Overture from Beatrice et Benedict - opera in 2 acts (Op.27)
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Overture from Beatrice et Benedict - opera in 2 acts (Op.27)
Hector Berlioz
La Reine Mab, ou la Fee des songes: Scherzo
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La Reine Mab, ou la Fee des songes: Scherzo
Hector Berlioz
Overture to Les Troyens a Carthage
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Overture to Les Troyens a Carthage
Hector Berlioz
Les Nuits d'ete, Villanelle
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Les Nuits d'ete, Villanelle
Hector Berlioz
Harold in Italy, op.16: 3rd mvt Allegro Assai
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Harold in Italy, op.16: 3rd mvt Allegro Assai
Claude-Joseph Rouget de l'Isle
La Marseillaise
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La Marseillaise
Hector Berlioz
Le Carnaval romain - overture Op.9
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Le Carnaval romain - overture Op.9
Hector Berlioz
Symphonie Fantastique
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Symphonie Fantastique
Hector Berlioz
Le Roi Lear - overture Op.4
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Le Roi Lear - overture Op.4
Hector Berlioz
Harold in Italy – 1. “Harold In The Mountains”
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Harold in Italy – 1. “Harold In The Mountains”
Hector Berlioz
Les nuits d'ete (Op.7) (Six songs on poems by Theophile Gautier)
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Les nuits d'ete (Op.7) (Six songs on poems by Theophile Gautier)
Hector Berlioz
King Lear
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King Lear
Hector Berlioz
Overture 'King Lear' (Proms 2016)
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Overture 'King Lear' (Proms 2016)
Hector Berlioz
Grande symphonie funebre et triomphale, Op.15: I. Marche funebre
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Grande symphonie funebre et triomphale, Op.15: I. Marche funebre
Hector Berlioz
Les Nuits d'ete, Op 7 No 1 (Villanelle)
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Les Nuits d'ete, Op 7 No 1 (Villanelle)
Hector Berlioz
Fleurs des landes Op 13 No 4 (Le jeune patre breton)
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Fleurs des landes Op 13 No 4 (Le jeune patre breton)
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