Robert Ballard (ca. 1572 or 1575, probably in Paris – after 1650) was a prominent French lutenist and composer. His father, Robert Ballard Senior (ca. 1527-1588) was the head of the well-known music publishers, "Le Roy & Ballard", founded in 1551 with cousin Adrian Le Roy (a notable virtuoso lutenist and composer of the period).
From 1612 he entered the service of the French Regent, Maria de Medici, and was tutor to the young King Louis XIII, becoming a lutenist and composer (musicien ordinaire du roi) at the royal court in 1618. He published two books of lute works - Premier Livre de tablature de luth (1611) and Diverses Pièces mises sur le luth (1614).