Ludwig van Beethoven
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1770-12-17
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/1f9df192-a621-4f54-8850-2c5373b7eac9
Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

The popular image of Beethoven as a morose individual who shunned society is only partly true. He did have a serious outlook on life, and in later years he had difficulty mixing with people because of his deafness, which emerged ...

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Biography

The popular image of Beethoven as a morose individual who shunned society is only partly true. He did have a serious outlook on life, and in later years he had difficulty mixing with people because of his deafness, which emerged in his late twenties and gradually increased thereafter till his death. Yet he loved company, and had a ready wit. His letters contain many puns, and it was he who introduced the scherzo (literally, ‘joke’) into the symphony when he used one in his Symphony No. 2 instead of the customary minuet.

This Second Symphony already goes well beyond the models of Haydn and Mozart, the two chief influences on his style. Building on their example Beethoven continually strove to stretch the bounds of music to new limits, whether in his seven surviving concertos, 16 string quartets, 35 piano sonatas (including three very early ones) or other works.

Each of his nine symphonies (and an incipient tenth) is completely different from any previous one, and he showed similar originality in every major genre of the time, from his only opera Fidelio and his mighty Missa solemnis to his numerous settings of folk songs, which he treated in an entirely novel way. He achieved his goal through a combination of natural genius and sheer hard work: every one of his major compositions is the result of painstaking refinement, evident in the many thousands of pages of musical sketches that he wrote.

It is not always realised, however, that Beethoven was extraordinary in other ways too. Having no wife or family of his own, he spent enormous energy on helping his nephew, and he was deeply religious. Indeed his goodness and kindness were so evident to his contemporaries that at least three of them independently asserted that he was even greater as a human being than as a musician. Considering that many regard him as the greatest composer in history, such praise is astonishing.

Beethoven also responded strikingly to political upheavals – the French Revolution and the ensuing Napoleonic wars. Although no political activist, he made his hatred of tyranny very plain in works such as Fidelio and his music for Goethe’s play Egmont.

Yet it is the quality of his music that has ensured his lasting reputation. Although its novelty initially puzzled some of his contemporaries, repeated hearings and study have shown that it is based on firm foundations. Its combination of beauty and unpredictability, extreme emotional depth and intellectual rigour, across so many genres, is unsurpassed and probably always will be.

Profile © Barry Cooper

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Ludwig van Beethoven & Denis Matthews
Sonata No 10 in G major, op 14 no 2
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Sonata No 10 in G major, op 14 no 2 Sonata No 10 in G major, op 14 no 2 Sonata No 10 in G major, op 14 no 2 Sonata No 10 in G major, op 14 no 2
John Irving, Ludwig van Beethoven, Jane Booth, Ruth Alford & Ensemble DeNOTE
Scherzo and Trio, from Grand Trio, Op 38 (arr. from Septet, Op 20)
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Scherzo and Trio, from Grand Trio, Op 38 (arr. from Septet, Op 20) Scherzo and Trio, from Grand Trio, Op 38 (arr. from Septet, Op 20) Scherzo and Trio, from Grand Trio, Op 38 (arr. from Septet, Op 20) Scherzo and Trio, from Grand Trio, Op 38 (arr. from Septet, Op 20)

Scherzo and Trio, from Grand Trio, Op 38 (arr. from Septet, Op 20)

Performer
John Irving
Jane Booth
Ruth Alford
Ensemble
Ensemble DeNOTE
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Leif Ove Andsnes, Ludwig van Beethoven & Mahler Chamber Orchestra
Piano Concerto No 4 - 3rd mvt Rondo Vivace
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Piano Concerto No 4 - 3rd mvt Rondo Vivace Piano Concerto No 4 - 3rd mvt Rondo Vivace Piano Concerto No 4 - 3rd mvt Rondo Vivace Piano Concerto No 4 - 3rd mvt Rondo Vivace
Berlin Philharmonic, Ludwig van Beethoven & Herbert von Karajan
Consecration of the House: Overture, Op. 124
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Consecration of the House: Overture, Op. 124 Consecration of the House: Overture, Op. 124 Consecration of the House: Overture, Op. 124 Consecration of the House: Overture, Op. 124
Grigory Sokolov & Ludwig van Beethoven
33 Variations on a Theme of Diabelli, Op 120
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33 Variations on a Theme of Diabelli, Op 120 33 Variations on a Theme of Diabelli, Op 120 33 Variations on a Theme of Diabelli, Op 120 33 Variations on a Theme of Diabelli, Op 120
Grigory Sokolov & Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondo in G, Op 51 No 2
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Rondo in G, Op 51 No 2 Rondo in G, Op 51 No 2 Rondo in G, Op 51 No 2 Rondo in G, Op 51 No 2
Stephen Kovacevich & Ludwig van Beethoven
7 Bagatelles for piano (Op.33), no.4 in A major; Andante
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7 Bagatelles for piano (Op.33), no.4 in A major; Andante 7 Bagatelles for piano (Op.33), no.4 in A major; Andante 7 Bagatelles for piano (Op.33), no.4 in A major; Andante 7 Bagatelles for piano (Op.33), no.4 in A major; Andante
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata no. 6 in F major Op.10`2; 3rd movement; Presto
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Sonata no. 6 in F major Op.10`2; 3rd movement; Presto Sonata no. 6 in F major Op.10`2; 3rd movement; Presto Sonata no. 6 in F major Op.10`2; 3rd movement; Presto Sonata no. 6 in F major Op.10`2; 3rd movement; Presto
Ludwig van Beethoven & Mi-Joo Lee
Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor (Op.13), "Pathetique"
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Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor (Op.13), "Pathetique" Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor (Op.13), "Pathetique" Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor (Op.13), "Pathetique" Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor (Op.13), "Pathetique"
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata no.24 in F# minor
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Piano Sonata no.24 in F# minor Piano Sonata no.24 in F# minor Piano Sonata no.24 in F# minor Piano Sonata no.24 in F# minor
Ludwig van Beethoven & Alfred Brendel
Bagatelle in A minor 'Für Elise'
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Bagatelle in A minor 'Für Elise' Bagatelle in A minor 'Für Elise' Bagatelle in A minor 'Für Elise' Bagatelle in A minor 'Für Elise'
Ludwig van Beethoven, Berliner Philharmoniker & Rudolf Kempe
Leonore Overture No. 3, Op. 72a
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Leonore Overture No. 3, Op. 72a Leonore Overture No. 3, Op. 72a Leonore Overture No. 3, Op. 72a Leonore Overture No. 3, Op. 72a
Ludwig van Beethoven & James Rhodes
Sonata no. 27 in E minor Op.90 for piano: 2nd movement
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Sonata no. 27 in E minor Op.90 for piano: 2nd movement Sonata no. 27 in E minor Op.90 for piano: 2nd movement Sonata no. 27 in E minor Op.90 for piano: 2nd movement Sonata no. 27 in E minor Op.90 for piano: 2nd movement
Cédric Tiberghien & Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata for piano no. 24 (Op.78) in F sharp major
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Sonata for piano no. 24 (Op.78) in F sharp major Sonata for piano no. 24 (Op.78) in F sharp major Sonata for piano no. 24 (Op.78) in F sharp major Sonata for piano no. 24 (Op.78) in F sharp major
Cédric Tiberghien & Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata for piano no. 30 (Op. 109) in E Major
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Sonata for piano no. 30 (Op. 109) in E Major Sonata for piano no. 30 (Op. 109) in E Major Sonata for piano no. 30 (Op. 109) in E Major Sonata for piano no. 30 (Op. 109) in E Major
BBC Symphony Orchestra, Ludwig van Beethoven, Jiří Bělohlávek
Overture from Die Geschopfe des Prometheus (Op.43)
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Overture from Die Geschopfe des Prometheus (Op.43) Overture from Die Geschopfe des Prometheus (Op.43) Overture from Die Geschopfe des Prometheus (Op.43) Overture from Die Geschopfe des Prometheus (Op.43)
Ludwig van Beethoven, Nikolaus Harnoncourt & The Chamber Orchestra of Europe
Symphony No.8 in F major, Op.93
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Symphony No.8 in F major, Op.93 Symphony No.8 in F major, Op.93 Symphony No.8 in F major, Op.93 Symphony No.8 in F major, Op.93
Ludwig van Beethoven, BBC Philharmonic & Gianandrea Noseda
Symphony no 5 in c minor
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Symphony no 5 in c minor Symphony no 5 in c minor Symphony no 5 in c minor Symphony no 5 in c minor
Ludwig van Beethoven, BBC Philharmonic, Juanjo Mena, Stuart Skelton & REBECCA VON LIPINSKI
Fidelio Act I
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Fidelio Act I Fidelio Act I Fidelio Act I Fidelio Act I
Ludwig van Beethoven & Trio Aristos
String Trio in G (Op.9 No.1)
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String Trio in G (Op.9 No.1) String Trio in G (Op.9 No.1) String Trio in G (Op.9 No.1) String Trio in G (Op.9 No.1)
Ludwig van Beethoven & Vienna Piano Trio
Variations on 'Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu'
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Variations on 'Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu' Variations on 'Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu' Variations on 'Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu' Variations on 'Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu'
Ludwig van Beethoven, Nikolaus Harnoncourt & The Chamber Orchestra of Europe
Marcia Funebre (Symphony No 3 in E flat major 'Eroica')
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Marcia Funebre (Symphony No 3 in E flat major 'Eroica') Marcia Funebre (Symphony No 3 in E flat major 'Eroica') Marcia Funebre (Symphony No 3 in E flat major 'Eroica') Marcia Funebre (Symphony No 3 in E flat major 'Eroica')
Daniel Barenboim & Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata in A flat major, Op.110
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Piano Sonata in A flat major, Op.110 Piano Sonata in A flat major, Op.110 Piano Sonata in A flat major, Op.110 Piano Sonata in A flat major, Op.110
Ludwig van Beethoven & Takács Quartet
Heiliger Dankgesang eines Genesenen an die Gottheit, in der lydischen Tonart
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Heiliger Dankgesang eines Genesenen an die Gottheit, in der lydischen Tonart Heiliger Dankgesang eines Genesenen an die Gottheit, in der lydischen Tonart Heiliger Dankgesang eines Genesenen an die Gottheit, in der lydischen Tonart Heiliger Dankgesang eines Genesenen an die Gottheit, in der lydischen Tonart
Alfred Brendel, Ludwig van Beethoven, London Philharmonic Orchestra & Bernard Haitink
Concerto for piano and orch no. 1 (Op.15) in C major, 3rd mvt; Rondo
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Concerto for piano and orch no. 1 (Op.15) in C major, 3rd mvt; Rondo Concerto for piano and orch no. 1 (Op.15) in C major, 3rd mvt; Rondo Concerto for piano and orch no. 1 (Op.15) in C major, 3rd mvt; Rondo Concerto for piano and orch no. 1 (Op.15) in C major, 3rd mvt; Rondo
Ludwig van Beethoven & Engegard Quartet
Quartet for strings in E minor 'Rasumovsky' (Op.59 No.2)
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Quartet for strings in E minor 'Rasumovsky' (Op.59 No.2) Quartet for strings in E minor 'Rasumovsky' (Op.59 No.2) Quartet for strings in E minor 'Rasumovsky' (Op.59 No.2) Quartet for strings in E minor 'Rasumovsky' (Op.59 No.2)
Ludwig van Beethoven, David Zinman & Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich
Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral)
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Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral) Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral) Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral) Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral)
Ludwig van Beethoven, Andreas Staier & Christoph Prégardien
An die ferne geliebte
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An die ferne geliebte An die ferne geliebte An die ferne geliebte An die ferne geliebte
Ludwig van Beethoven, Berliner Philharmoniker & Claudio Abbado
Symphony no. 7 (Op.92) in A major, 3rd movement; Presto
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Symphony no. 7 (Op.92) in A major, 3rd movement; Presto Symphony no. 7 (Op.92) in A major, 3rd movement; Presto Symphony no. 7 (Op.92) in A major, 3rd movement; Presto Symphony no. 7 (Op.92) in A major, 3rd movement; Presto
Steven Osborne & Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata...for piano; (Op.27'2) in C# minor "Moonlight", 1st mvt; Adagio sostenuto
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Sonata...for piano; (Op.27'2) in C# minor "Moonlight", 1st mvt; Adagio sostenuto Sonata...for piano; (Op.27'2) in C# minor "Moonlight", 1st mvt; Adagio sostenuto Sonata...for piano; (Op.27'2) in C# minor "Moonlight", 1st mvt; Adagio sostenuto Sonata...for piano; (Op.27'2) in C# minor "Moonlight", 1st mvt; Adagio sostenuto
Plamena Mangova & Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor (Op.57) "Appassionata"
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Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor (Op.57) "Appassionata" Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor (Op.57) "Appassionata" Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor (Op.57) "Appassionata" Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor (Op.57) "Appassionata"
Ludwig van Beethoven & Friedrich Gulda
Piano Sonata No. 15 in D, Op. 26 'Pastoral'
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Piano Sonata No. 15 in D, Op. 26 'Pastoral' Piano Sonata No. 15 in D, Op. 26 'Pastoral' Piano Sonata No. 15 in D, Op. 26 'Pastoral' Piano Sonata No. 15 in D, Op. 26 'Pastoral'
Norwegian Radio Orchestra, Ludwig van Beethoven, Arve Tellefsen, Truls Mørk, Håvard Gimse & Rolf Gupta
Triple Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in C major(Op. 56)
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Triple Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in C major(Op. 56) Triple Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in C major(Op. 56) Triple Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in C major(Op. 56) Triple Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in C major(Op. 56)
Martha Argerich, Mischa Maisky & Ludwig van Beethoven
7 Variations in E flat major on 'Bei Mannern, Welche Liebe Fuhlen' from Mozart's Die Zauberflote, Woo.46
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7 Variations in E flat major on 'Bei Mannern, Welche Liebe Fuhlen' from Mozart's Die Zauberflote, Woo.46 7 Variations in E flat major on 'Bei Mannern, Welche Liebe Fuhlen' from Mozart's Die Zauberflote, Woo.46 7 Variations in E flat major on 'Bei Mannern, Welche Liebe Fuhlen' from Mozart's Die Zauberflote, Woo.46 7 Variations in E flat major on 'Bei Mannern, Welche Liebe Fuhlen' from Mozart's Die Zauberflote, Woo.46

7 Variations in E flat major on 'Bei Mannern, Welche Liebe Fuhlen' from Mozart's Die Zauberflote, Woo.46

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Ludwig van Beethoven, Chorus Viennensis & Martin Haselböck
Symphony No. 1 In C Major Op.21 (IV. Finale)
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Symphony No. 1 In C Major Op.21 (IV. Finale) Symphony No. 1 In C Major Op.21 (IV. Finale) Symphony No. 1 In C Major Op.21 (IV. Finale) Symphony No. 1 In C Major Op.21 (IV. Finale)
Ludwig van Beethoven, Nikolaus Harnoncourt & The Chamber Orchestra of Europe
The Creatures of Prometheus Op.43 - Maestoso
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The Creatures of Prometheus Op.43 - Maestoso The Creatures of Prometheus Op.43 - Maestoso The Creatures of Prometheus Op.43 - Maestoso The Creatures of Prometheus Op.43 - Maestoso
Ludwig van Beethoven, Oslo-Filharmonien & Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral)
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Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral) Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral) Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral) Symphony no. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral)
Ludwig van Beethoven, Sir Simon Rattle & Berliner Philharmoniker
Symphony no. 4 in B flat major Op.60
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Symphony no. 4 in B flat major Op.60 Symphony no. 4 in B flat major Op.60 Symphony no. 4 in B flat major Op.60 Symphony no. 4 in B flat major Op.60
The Cleveland Orchestra, Ludwig van Beethoven & George Szell
Symphony No.4 in B flat Op.60
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Symphony No.4 in B flat Op.60 Symphony No.4 in B flat Op.60 Symphony No.4 in B flat Op.60 Symphony No.4 in B flat Op.60
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata for violin and piano No.10 in G Op.96
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Sonata for violin and piano No.10 in G Op.96 Sonata for violin and piano No.10 in G Op.96 Sonata for violin and piano No.10 in G Op.96 Sonata for violin and piano No.10 in G Op.96
Arcadia Trio & Ludwig van Beethoven
Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio'
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Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio' Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio' Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio' Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio'

Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio'

Ensemble
Arcadia Trio
Ludwig van Beethoven & Sacconi Quartet
Quartet in A minor Op.132 for strings
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Quartet in A minor Op.132 for strings Quartet in A minor Op.132 for strings Quartet in A minor Op.132 for strings Quartet in A minor Op.132 for strings
Ludwig van Beethoven, Minnesota Orchestra & Osmo Vänskä
Symphony no. 1 (Op.21) in C major, 2nd movement; Andante cantabile con moto
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Symphony no. 1 (Op.21) in C major, 2nd movement; Andante cantabile con moto Symphony no. 1 (Op.21) in C major, 2nd movement; Andante cantabile con moto Symphony no. 1 (Op.21) in C major, 2nd movement; Andante cantabile con moto Symphony no. 1 (Op.21) in C major, 2nd movement; Andante cantabile con moto
Ludwig van Beethoven, Otto Klemperer & Philharmonia
Consecration of the House
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Consecration of the House Consecration of the House Consecration of the House Consecration of the House
Ludwig van Beethoven, Zara Nelsova & Grant Johannesen
[7] Variations on 'Bei Mannern, welche Liebe fuhlen' (WoO.46)
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[7] Variations on 'Bei Mannern, welche Liebe fuhlen' (WoO.46) [7] Variations on 'Bei Mannern, welche Liebe fuhlen' (WoO.46) [7] Variations on 'Bei Mannern, welche Liebe fuhlen' (WoO.46) [7] Variations on 'Bei Mannern, welche Liebe fuhlen' (WoO.46)
Oslo Quartet, Are Sandbakken, Ludwig van Beethoven, Geir Inge Lotsberg, Per Kristian Skalstad & Øystein Sonstad
Quartet for strings in E flat major (Op.74) "Harp"
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Quartet for strings in E flat major (Op.74) "Harp" Quartet for strings in E flat major (Op.74) "Harp" Quartet for strings in E flat major (Op.74) "Harp" Quartet for strings in E flat major (Op.74) "Harp"
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A lock of hair belonging to master composer Mozart is expected to fetch £10,000 when it goes up for auction at Sotheby's.
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