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Felix Mendelssohn
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1809-02-03
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/0e85eb79-1c05-44ba-827c-7b259a3d941a
Felix Mendelssohn Felix Mendelssohn Felix Mendelssohn Felix Mendelssohn

Biography

Felix Mendelssohn – grandson of an eminent Jewish philosopher and son of a wealthy banker who converted to Christianity – came from a happy and privileged background. The family home in Berlin was a lively intellectual centre and Felix’s education ...

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Biography

Felix Mendelssohn – grandson of an eminent Jewish philosopher and son of a wealthy banker who converted to Christianity – came from a happy and privileged background. The family home in Berlin was a lively intellectual centre and Felix’s education covered classics, science, languages, law and several other subjects besides music.

From the age of 11 he composed fluently and prolifically: a huge quantity of piano and chamber music, five concertos, a few little operas and a dozen symphonies for strings preceded his official Symphony No. 1 of 1824. Then came the works that demonstrated not just precocious talent but real depth, among them the Octet for strings (1825) and, a year later, the Overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

In his early twenties, beginning in 1829 with the first of his many visits to England, he spent three years travelling around Europe, meeting almost every cultural figure of note. His sensitivity to the spirit of the places he visited can be heard in such works as the ‘Italian’ and ‘Scottish’ Symphonies and the overture The Hebrides.

From 1833 to 1835 he worked mainly in Düsseldorf, and then from 1835 until his early death he was Municipal Music Director and conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig, where in 1843 he founded the influential Conservatory. He was outstanding as a pianist, organist, conductor and organiser, and tireless in promoting other composers’ music old and new – famously reviving Bach’s St Matthew Passion in 1829 and giving the posthumous first performance of Schubert’s Ninth Symphony in 1839.

Although he composed prolifically up to the end of his life in almost all forms (he never found the right opera libretto), he was rarely satisfied with his own facility, often keeping aside his major scores for a long period before presenting them to the public: the Violin Concerto (completed 1844) was six years in the making and the oratorio Elijah (completed 1846) nearly eight.

Mendelssohn was very conscious of his part in an unbroken tradition of German music deriving from Bach and the great classics of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, and in each of his major works searched for means of infusing this tradition with his own modern Romantic sensibility.

If his reputation suffered from the heavier performing styles of the later 19th century, which tended to sentimentalise his music, and also from the current of anti-Semitism that led to his music being banned by the Nazis, a modern perspective can appreciate his freshness and directness of expression, as well as the perfect ear for colour and texture, that place him among the greatest composers of any age.

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Clips (20)


Tracks (48)

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Felix Mendelssohn, Antônio Meneses & Maria João Pires
Lied ohne Worte in D major Op.109 for cello and piano
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Lied ohne Worte in D major Op.109 for cello and piano Lied ohne Worte in D major Op.109 for cello and piano Lied ohne Worte in D major Op.109 for cello and piano Lied ohne Worte in D major Op.109 for cello and piano
Felix Mendelssohn & Trio Dali
Piano Trio no.1 in D minor: Andante
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Piano Trio no.1 in D minor: Andante Piano Trio no.1 in D minor: Andante Piano Trio no.1 in D minor: Andante Piano Trio no.1 in D minor: Andante
Felix Mendelssohn, John Eliot Gardiner & London Symphony Orchestra
Overture: Ruy Blas
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Overture: Ruy Blas Overture: Ruy Blas Overture: Ruy Blas Overture: Ruy Blas
Felix Mendelssohn & Members of Australian Chamber Orchestra
Octet iv) Presto
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Octet iv) Presto Octet iv) Presto Octet iv) Presto Octet iv) Presto
Felix Mendelssohn, Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest & George Szell
A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music (Op.61), no.1; Scherzo
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A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music (Op.61), no.1; Scherzo A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music (Op.61), no.1; Scherzo A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music (Op.61), no.1; Scherzo A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music (Op.61), no.1; Scherzo
Emanuel Ax, Itzhak Perlman, Felix Mendelssohn & Yo‐Yo Ma
Trio for piano and strings no.1 (Op.49) in D minor; Andante con moto tranquillo
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Trio for piano and strings no.1 (Op.49) in D minor; Andante con moto tranquillo Trio for piano and strings no.1 (Op.49) in D minor; Andante con moto tranquillo Trio for piano and strings no.1 (Op.49) in D minor; Andante con moto tranquillo Trio for piano and strings no.1 (Op.49) in D minor; Andante con moto tranquillo
Felix Mendelssohn & Henschel Quartet
String Quartet, Op 12 3rd mvt Canzonetta, Allegretto
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String Quartet, Op 12 3rd mvt Canzonetta, Allegretto String Quartet, Op 12 3rd mvt Canzonetta, Allegretto String Quartet, Op 12 3rd mvt Canzonetta, Allegretto String Quartet, Op 12 3rd mvt Canzonetta, Allegretto
Felix Mendelssohn, Julia Lezhneva, Wroclaw Baroque Orchestra & Giovanni Antonini
Infelice - concert aria Op. 94 for soprano and orchestra
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Infelice - concert aria Op. 94 for soprano and orchestra Infelice - concert aria Op. 94 for soprano and orchestra Infelice - concert aria Op. 94 for soprano and orchestra Infelice - concert aria Op. 94 for soprano and orchestra

Infelice - concert aria Op. 94 for soprano and orchestra

Singer
Julia Lezhneva
Orchestra
Wroclaw Baroque Orchestra
Felix Mendelssohn, Antal Doráti & Minneapolis S O
Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian)
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Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian)
Felix Mendelssohn, Arthur Gold & Robert Fizdale, Philadelphia Orchestra & Eugene Ormandy
Concerto for 2 pianos in E major: Movement III
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Concerto for 2 pianos in E major: Movement III Concerto for 2 pianos in E major: Movement III Concerto for 2 pianos in E major: Movement III Concerto for 2 pianos in E major: Movement III
Erwin Wiersinga & Felix Mendelssohn
Sonata No.5 in D major (Op.65) (1844)
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Sonata No.5 in D major (Op.65) (1844) Sonata No.5 in D major (Op.65) (1844) Sonata No.5 in D major (Op.65) (1844) Sonata No.5 in D major (Op.65) (1844)
Felix Mendelssohn, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra & Claudio Abbado
Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 2nd movement; Andante con moto
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Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 2nd movement; Andante con moto Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 2nd movement; Andante con moto Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 2nd movement; Andante con moto Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 2nd movement; Andante con moto
Felix Mendelssohn, DR SymfoniOrkestret & Michael Schønwandt
A Midsummer Night's Dream - incidental music (Op.61)
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A Midsummer Night's Dream - incidental music (Op.61) A Midsummer Night's Dream - incidental music (Op.61) A Midsummer Night's Dream - incidental music (Op.61) A Midsummer Night's Dream - incidental music (Op.61)
Shura Cherkassky & Felix Mendelssohn
Prelude and Fugue No.1 in E minor (Op.35)
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Prelude and Fugue No.1 in E minor (Op.35) Prelude and Fugue No.1 in E minor (Op.35) Prelude and Fugue No.1 in E minor (Op.35) Prelude and Fugue No.1 in E minor (Op.35)
Felix Mendelssohn & Howard Shelley
Lied in F sharp minor
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Lied in F sharp minor Lied in F sharp minor Lied in F sharp minor Lied in F sharp minor
Danish Radio Concert Orchestra, Felix Mendelssohn & 湯浅卓雄
Die Schone Melusine [The fair Melusine] - overture (Op.32)
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Die Schone Melusine [The fair Melusine]  - overture (Op.32) Die Schone Melusine [The fair Melusine]  - overture (Op.32) Die Schone Melusine [The fair Melusine]  - overture (Op.32) Die Schone Melusine [The fair Melusine]  - overture (Op.32)

Die Schone Melusine [The fair Melusine] - overture (Op.32)

Orchestra
Danish Radio Concert Orchestra
Conductor
Kristian Bezuidenhout, Gottfried von der Goltz, Felix Mendelssohn & Freiburg Baroque Orchestra
Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in D minor, 3rd movement; Allegro molto
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Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in D minor, 3rd movement; Allegro molto Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in D minor, 3rd movement; Allegro molto Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in D minor, 3rd movement; Allegro molto Concerto for violin, piano and orchestra in D minor, 3rd movement; Allegro molto
Felix Mendelssohn, Leonidas Kavakos, Eckart Runge & Enrico Pace
Trio for piano and strings No.2 (Op.66) in C minor
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Trio for piano and strings No.2 (Op.66) in C minor Trio for piano and strings No.2 (Op.66) in C minor Trio for piano and strings No.2 (Op.66) in C minor Trio for piano and strings No.2 (Op.66) in C minor
Johann Crüger, Felix Mendelssohn, Martin Rinkart, Choir and Congregation of Warwick Road URC, Coventry & Paul Leddington Wright
Now Thank We All Our God
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Now Thank We All Our God Now Thank We All Our God Now Thank We All Our God Now Thank We All Our God

Now Thank We All Our God

Performer
Johann Crüger
Martin Rinkart
Choir and Congregation of Warwick Road URC, Coventry
Paul Leddington Wright
Felix Mendelssohn & Ksenija Sidorova
A Midsummer Night's Dream - Scherzo
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A Midsummer Night's Dream - Scherzo A Midsummer Night's Dream - Scherzo A Midsummer Night's Dream - Scherzo A Midsummer Night's Dream - Scherzo
Denis Comtet, Felix Mendelssohn, Donald Palumbo & The Choir of Radio France
Hora est for chorus and organ(antiphon and responsorium)
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Hora est for chorus and organ(antiphon and responsorium) Hora est for chorus and organ(antiphon and responsorium) Hora est for chorus and organ(antiphon and responsorium) Hora est for chorus and organ(antiphon and responsorium)
André Previn, Felix Mendelssohn & Anne-Sophie Mutter
Violin Sonata in F major (1838)
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Violin Sonata in F major (1838) Violin Sonata in F major (1838) Violin Sonata in F major (1838) Violin Sonata in F major (1838)
Felix Mendelssohn, City Of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra & Edward Gardner
Symphony No. 5 in D major, Op. 107 'Reformation'
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Symphony No. 5 in D major, Op. 107 'Reformation' Symphony No. 5 in D major, Op. 107 'Reformation' Symphony No. 5 in D major, Op. 107 'Reformation' Symphony No. 5 in D major, Op. 107 'Reformation'
Felix Mendelssohn, City Of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra & Edward Gardner
Symphony no. 3 in A minor Op.56 (Scottish): 2nd mvt; Vivace non troppo
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Symphony no. 3 in A minor Op.56 (Scottish): 2nd mvt; Vivace non troppo Symphony no. 3 in A minor Op.56 (Scottish): 2nd mvt; Vivace non troppo Symphony no. 3 in A minor Op.56 (Scottish): 2nd mvt; Vivace non troppo Symphony no. 3 in A minor Op.56 (Scottish): 2nd mvt; Vivace non troppo
Felix Mendelssohn & Howard Shelley
Etude in F minor, WoO1
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Etude in F minor,  WoO1 Etude in F minor,  WoO1 Etude in F minor,  WoO1 Etude in F minor,  WoO1
Richard Tognetti & Felix Mendelssohn
Concerto for violin, piano and strings iii) Allegro molto
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Concerto for violin, piano and strings iii)  Allegro molto Concerto for violin, piano and strings iii)  Allegro molto Concerto for violin, piano and strings iii)  Allegro molto Concerto for violin, piano and strings iii)  Allegro molto
Joshua Bell, Felix Mendelssohn, Roger Norrington & Camerata Salzburg
Violin Concerto in E minor, Op.64: 2nd movement, Andante
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Violin Concerto in E minor, Op.64: 2nd movement, Andante Violin Concerto in E minor, Op.64: 2nd movement, Andante Violin Concerto in E minor, Op.64: 2nd movement, Andante Violin Concerto in E minor, Op.64: 2nd movement, Andante
The Priests & Felix Mendelssohn
Lift Thine Eyes
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Lift Thine Eyes Lift Thine Eyes Lift Thine Eyes Lift Thine Eyes
Roberto Prosseda & Felix Mendelssohn
Fugue in E flat major
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Fugue in E flat major Fugue in E flat major Fugue in E flat major Fugue in E flat major
Mikhail Pletnev & Felix Mendelssohn
Presto agitato
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Presto agitato Presto agitato Presto agitato Presto agitato
Mikhail Pletnev & Felix Mendelssohn
Andante cantabile
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Andante cantabile Andante cantabile Andante cantabile Andante cantabile
Diāna Ozoliņa, Lelde Paula & Felix Mendelssohn
Sonata for cello and piano No.1 in B flat major (Op.45)
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Sonata for cello and piano No.1 in B flat major (Op.45) Sonata for cello and piano No.1 in B flat major (Op.45) Sonata for cello and piano No.1 in B flat major (Op.45) Sonata for cello and piano No.1 in B flat major (Op.45)
Felix Mendelssohn, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra & Andrew Litton
Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 1st movement; Allegro vivace
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Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 1st movement; Allegro vivace Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 1st movement; Allegro vivace Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 1st movement; Allegro vivace Symphony no. 4 (Op.90) in A major "Italian", 1st movement; Allegro vivace
James Ehnes, Felix Mendelssohn, Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazy & Philharmonia Orchestra
Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.64) in E minor, 3rd mvt; Allegro molto...
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Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.64) in E minor, 3rd mvt; Allegro molto... Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.64) in E minor, 3rd mvt; Allegro molto... Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.64) in E minor, 3rd mvt; Allegro molto... Concerto for violin and orchestra (Op.64) in E minor, 3rd mvt; Allegro molto...
Felix Mendelssohn & Emerson String Quartet
Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings
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Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings
Felix Mendelssohn, Martyn Brabbins & BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
The Hebrides (Fingal's Cave) - overture Op.26
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The Hebrides (Fingal's Cave) - overture Op.26 The Hebrides (Fingal's Cave) - overture Op.26 The Hebrides (Fingal's Cave) - overture Op.26 The Hebrides (Fingal's Cave) - overture Op.26
Felix Mendelssohn & Van Kuijk Quartet
Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings
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Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings Quartet no. 6 in F minor Op.80 for strings
Felix Mendelssohn & Markéta Irglová
Song Without Words
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Song Without Words Song Without Words Song Without Words Song Without Words
Howard Shelley & Felix Mendelssohn
Lieder ohne Worte - book 3 Op.38
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Lieder ohne Worte - book 3  Op.38 Lieder ohne Worte - book 3  Op.38 Lieder ohne Worte - book 3  Op.38 Lieder ohne Worte - book 3  Op.38
Felix Mendelssohn, Victoria de los Ángeles, Heinrich Heine, City of London Sinfonia & Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
Auf Flugen des Gesanges [On Wings of Song] (Op.34 no.2)
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Auf Flugen des Gesanges [On Wings of Song] (Op.34 no.2) Auf Flugen des Gesanges [On Wings of Song] (Op.34 no.2) Auf Flugen des Gesanges [On Wings of Song] (Op.34 no.2) Auf Flugen des Gesanges [On Wings of Song] (Op.34 no.2)
Felix Mendelssohn, Romanian National Radio Orchestra & Madalin Voicu
Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian)
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Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian)

Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian)

Orchestra
Romanian National Radio Orchestra
Conductor
Madalin Voicu
Felix Mendelssohn, Emanuel Feuermann & Franz Rupp
Cello Sonata no.2 in D, op. 58; 3rd mvt, Adagio
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Cello Sonata no.2 in D, op. 58; 3rd mvt, Adagio Cello Sonata no.2 in D, op. 58; 3rd mvt, Adagio Cello Sonata no.2 in D, op. 58; 3rd mvt, Adagio Cello Sonata no.2 in D, op. 58; 3rd mvt, Adagio
Risor Festival Strings & Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony for string orchestra no.10 in B minor
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Symphony for string orchestra no.10 in B minor Symphony for string orchestra no.10 in B minor Symphony for string orchestra no.10 in B minor Symphony for string orchestra no.10 in B minor
Julia Schröder, Markus Fleck, Andreas Fleck, Felix Mendelssohn, Rachel Spath & Casal Quartet
Capriccio in E minor (Op.81, No.3)
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Capriccio in E minor (Op.81, No.3) Capriccio in E minor (Op.81, No.3) Capriccio in E minor (Op.81, No.3) Capriccio in E minor (Op.81, No.3)

Capriccio in E minor (Op.81, No.3)

Performer
Julia Schröder
Markus Fleck
Andreas Fleck
Rachel Spath
Ensemble
Casal Quartet
Daniel Barenboim & Felix Mendelssohn
Lieder ohne Worte - book 3 (Op.38), no.1; Con moto in E flat major
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Lieder ohne Worte - book 3 (Op.38), no.1; Con moto in E flat major Lieder ohne Worte - book 3 (Op.38), no.1; Con moto in E flat major Lieder ohne Worte - book 3 (Op.38), no.1; Con moto in E flat major Lieder ohne Worte - book 3 (Op.38), no.1; Con moto in E flat major
Felix Mendelssohn & Arcadia Quartet & Meccore Quartet
Octet in E flat major Op.20
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Octet in E flat major Op.20 Octet in E flat major Op.20 Octet in E flat major Op.20 Octet in E flat major Op.20
Murray Perahia & Felix Mendelssohn
Variations sérieuses, Op.54
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Variations sérieuses, Op.54 Variations sérieuses, Op.54 Variations sérieuses, Op.54 Variations sérieuses, Op.54
Felix Mendelssohn, Ulster Orchestra & Rumon Gamba
Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian)
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Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian) Symphony no. 4 in A major Op.90 (Italian)
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