Pakistanis, in contrast to their counterparts across the region, feel that their lives have got worse. People living in large cities are most concerned about a lack of electricity and fuel, while lack of food is the biggest concern for people in rural areas.
Confidence in government is very low, and Pakistanis feel that the government doesn’t listen to the needs of its people. Inflation is high and people are feeling pressure on their household incomes.
These difficulties have been aggravated by changes in climate. People across Pakistan are experiencing unpredictable rainfall, increased temperatures and changes to the seasons. Other changes vary by region, such as increased rainfall and extreme weather events in Sindh and decreased rainfall in Balochistan. People feel that the environment has also changed, with pests such as mosquitos increasing and trees being cut down.
The impacts of these changes include a reduction in crop productivity forcing some rural communities either to change livelihoods or buy food that they cannot afford. People have health concerns such as increases in infectious diseases.
Compared with the other countries in this study, people in Pakistan feel most strongly that these changes are having a high level of impact on their lives now.
This feeling has driven Pakistanis to act. Their biggest motivator is the need to survive. Knowing that government support will be limited, they have started to take action themselves by working together in their communities or through the support of NGOs. Information is also playing a role in equipping people to act. Those who feel more informed are adapting more to the changes. However, those without access to resources, relevant information or community support are not able to cope and feel helpless.