BBC HomeExplore the BBC
This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving.

18 June 2014
Accessibility help
Text only
Legacies - Central and Fife

BBC Homepage
 UK Index
 Central and Fife
Your stories
 Site Info
 BBC History
 Where I Live

Contact Us

Like this page?
Send it to a friend!

Carron: Scotland's Forge

Carron Iron Works
© Scran
The catalyst for the development of the iron industries in the Falkirk area, as in many of the burgeoning industrial areas, was the arrival of the canal network. It was natural, that with its position between Scotland’s two main cities, Falkirk could not fail to have a canal beside it. The construction of the Forth and Clyde canal was authorised by a 1768 Act of Parliament and construction began the following year at Grangemouth, under the charge of engineer John Smeaton. This canal opened in 1790, connecting Falkirk with the rapidly growing commercial hub of Glasgow and, in 1822 the Union Canal opened, providing a link to Edinburgh.

The Carron works had actually been founded in 1760, but with the coming of the canal, Bo’ness, at the mouth of the River Carron, became a natural port to export the wares of the company to the rest of the nation and beyond and gave the Carron works a major opportunity to become a major player in the newly burgeoning iron industry.

The original founders of Carron were: John Roebuck, a doctor from Sheffield; his two brothers, Thomas and Ebenezer Roebuck; Samuel Garbet, a merchant from Birmingham; William Cadell, Senior, a merchant from Cockenzie, in East Lothian; William Cadell, Junior; and John Cadell. These visionary men realised that Falkirk had all the prerequisites for a successful ironworks: good local supplies of iron ore, coal for power and an easily controllable supply of water in the form of the River Carron.

Pages: [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ] Next

Your comments

Print this page
Look back into the past using the Legacies' archives. Find nearly 200 tales from around the country in our collection.

Read more >
Internet Links
Scotland on Film
Falkirk Heritage and Leisure
–Information on Carron and also the Charlotte Dundas
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Web sites.
Related Stories
Bedford's Brickworks
Birth of Barry

About the BBC | Help | Terms of Use | Privacy & Cookies Policy