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18 June 2014
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Roman soldiers

© Colchester Museum
The first shopkeepers: Commercial life in Roman Colchester

In AD 43, the Roman Emperor Claudius entered Camulodunum, the capital of the ancient British tribe of the Catuvellauni, in triumph on the back of an elephant. This marked the symbolic start of the Roman conquest of Britain. Six years later, the Roman legionary fortress which had been established on the site was converted into a colony of retired veteran soldiers and given the name Colonia Victricensis: the City of Victory. Today, it is called Colchester; it was the first ever city built in Britain, and the modern-day shoppers who walk down its High Street still follow the line of the original Roman shopping street laid out almost 2000 years before. More...

Words: Dr Mark Ibeji

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