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18 June 2014
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Legacies - Borders

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Immigration and Emigration
David I and the impact of the Norman Conquest

Robert the Bruce
© Scran
When David died, he left the Borders a changed place. Monasteries of world renown had been built, trade had been established that was of international importance, and immigrants to the region had changed its language and customs. However, the change was not all positive. In donating large sums to the clergy, David had depleted the Royal purse meaning that future kings would have to raise taxes. He had also created a system of feudalism, the effect of which was to create rivalries between the families comprising the feudal society with family loyalty more important than allegiance to a King or the country. Indeed, Robert the Bruce's struggle for the Scottish crown is often thought to have been motivated, at least initially, by personal and family ambitions rather than patriotism. The importance of family over state continued, and in later years, both the English and Scottish Crowns would have difficulty governing the Border lands.

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The Norman Conquest
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