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18 June 2014
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Legacies - Shropshire

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Immigration and Emigration
Ludlow Castle
Ludlow Castle in Shropshire, built in Roger de Montgomery's time

© Courtesy of Ian Britton, freefoto.com
Shropshire and the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Scrobbesbyrig

In the late Anglo-Saxon period, Shropshire lay within the province of Mercia, a kingdom that at its peak encompassed most of central England.
Norman Motte at Little Ness
Norman Motte at Little Ness dates from the 11th Century
However, the absence of any mention of Aeflger, the then earl of Mercia, in a pre-Conquest writ of 1060 AD suggests Shropshire may have been amalgamated into another earldom.

Similar to most shires, Shropshire's day-to-day business was managed by a sheriff and although no record survives identifying Shropshire's sheriff, it is known that he had the authority to raise troops for military forays into Wales, collect Royal dues and maintain law and order. Shrewsbury, or Scrobbesbyrig as it was known to the Anglo-Saxons, was the principal settlement in Shropshire. From 901AD it was a fortified encampment located in a bend of the River Severn, where its elevated position and surrounding river made it easily defendable, and therefore strategically important.


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