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Chapattis on a line
Chapattis R Us
Bibi, a Pakistani artist who lives in Leeds has a passion for chapattis. For Bibi, chapattis aren't just food but a symbol that she uses to explain things that have happened in her life and in the lives of other Pakistani women.
Although she was born in Pakistan Bibi's family moved to the UK when she was just three years old to join her father who was already living in Leeds.
Bibi's portrait of her father
She was brought up to expect that her life would be devoted to her home and family.
Good wife and mother
"I remember that Asian girls were prepared for married life from quite small. They were taught to be good wives and mothers. It worked for some women but I went through an abusive arranged marriage and had four children to bring up alone.
I had little time to put aside for my art studies. Anyway art was not considered to be a worthwhile vocation in life, it doesn't bring in the pennies, 'Art is about playing,' I was told."
After years devoted to bringing up her family Bibi realised a dream in 2003 when she completed an Art degree at Leeds Met.
"It all started when my university tutor said that chapattis are a 'dull domestic thing'. That made me really angry. This stable food means so much more than that to me.
Latex chapattis last for ever
I decided to use chapattis to comment on my life and the lives of many other Pakistani women. I still use Chapattis to represent many different things... through them I have finally been able to express myself as an artist.
I also noticed that every chapatti is different, similarly every woman is different with a range of qualities and skills that need to be expressed."
Bibi also created latex chapattis which she pegged onto a tiny washing line:
"For me the chapatti is very important - even sacred. It should be valued, not discarded. These latex chapattis on my washing line won't ever decay."
Passport photo of Bibi, aged 3
Another aspect of her work is a video entitled 'Nursery Rhymes',
"The rhyme is repeated because I wanted to show that teachings and beliefs go on and on, regardless of how modern society has become. It's about how about women are alone.
The images that appear on the right represent colonialism which slowly creeps into minds, hearts, spirits and cultures. The piece goes on and on and on - as has domination. It needs to be turned off. It needs to stop."
"This video disturbs and upsets people and that's what I set out to achieve."
"I have lots of ideas for the future to develop my chapatti theme. For me chapattis also have a positive side.
Making chapattis is a skill but because women make chapattis this skill hasn't been valued. Nowadays you can buy chapattis in the shop, they are two a penny. Now I have a choice, my lifestyle has changed; if I choose to put time aside to make chapattis for my family then my efforts are appreciated."
The art of making chapattis