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Clip description Keywords
16th Street Baptist Church bombing, 1963
16th Street Baptist Church bombing, 1963

Duration: 02:04

Racist whites bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. Four young girls were killed.

 
African Americans campaign for equal voting rights, 1964
African Americans campaign for equal voting rights, 1964

Duration: 03:47

Eyewitnesses describe the barriers that were put in front of African Americans who wanted to vote and explain how they campaigned against this discrimination.

 
An African American teenager describes life in Harlem, New York, in 1964
An African American teenager describes life in Harlem, New York, in 1964

Duration: 03:10

Film that follows the life and experiences of a young African American in an inner city area of New York in 1964.

 
Birmingham, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama

Duration: 00:50

Martin Luther King joined activists in Birmingham, Alabama, USA, in their non-violent protest against segregation.

 
Black Power: the march against fear, Mississippi, 1966
Black Power: the march against fear, Mississippi, 1966

Duration: 03:41

Stokely Carmichael delivers a powerful and passionate speech advocating Black Power.

 
Bristol bus boycott 1963
Bristol bus boycott 1963

Duration: 03:07

Black people, inspired by Martin Luther King, demand equality from the Bristol Omnibus Company.

 
Campaigning for voting rights in Selma, Alabama, 1965
Campaigning for voting rights in Selma, Alabama, 1965

Duration: 02:20

British news report about the involvement of a wide cross-section of the community in the campaign for equal voting rights in the American Deep South in 1965.

 
Challenge to segregated education in the USA - Little Rock, Arkansas, 1957
Challenge to segregated education in the USA - Little Rock, Arkansas, 1957

Duration: 01:21

Explanation of the significance of the events at Little Rock Arkansas, 1957 in which a nine African American students braved intense hostility to attend a formerly all white school.

 
Children's Crusade
Children's Crusade

Duration: 01:30

Foot soldiers discuss the 'Children's Crusade' march that took place in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1963.

 
Controls on voting rights from 1870
Controls on voting rights from 1870

Duration: 01:26

A look at laws introduced in the American South to prevent African Americans from voting.

 
Desegregation in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963
Desegregation in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963

Duration: 03:21

A British news report on the successful campaign to force desegregation in Southern USA in 1963.

 
Economic tactics to gain Civil Rights
Economic tactics to gain Civil Rights

Duration: 00:35

Interview with Andrew Young, Civil Rights activist, explaining economic action by African Americans.

 
Educational segregation in northern US Cities, 1974
Educational segregation in northern US Cities, 1974

Duration: 04:27

Conflict resulting from attempts to integrate schools in Boston, USA, in 1974.

 
Freedom Rides
Freedom Rides

Duration: 00:47

In 1961, a group of multi-racial students attempted to ride from Washington to New Orleans on public transport to show segregation was still in practice.

 
Importance of African American churches
Importance of African American churches

Duration: 01:22

The role of the churches as a voice and as a social institution for African Americans is explored.

 
Interview with black Muslim leader Malcolm X, 1964
Interview with black Muslim leader Malcolm X, 1964

Malcolm X sets out his programme for the Organisation of Afro-American Unity.

 
Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s
Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s

Duration: 01:27

A look at the reasons for race riots and the rise of the Ku Klux Kan in 1920s America.

 
Malcolm X launches the Organisation of Afro-American Unity, 1964
Malcolm X launches the Organisation of Afro-American Unity, 1964

Duration: 01:55

Report and interview with radical African American leader Malcolm X 1964.

 
March on Washington, 1963
March on Washington, 1963

Duration: 01:19

A quarter of a million people joined a march on Washington in 1963 to highlight racial injustice and to put pressure on Congress to pass Kennedy's Civil Rights Bill.

 
Martin Luther King describes the workings of segregation in the southern USA
Martin Luther King describes the workings of segregation in the southern USA

Interview with Martin Luther King in which he explains how African Americans were denied the same opportunities as white Americans.

 
Martin Luther King explains his non-violent methods of protest
Martin Luther King explains his non-violent methods of protest

Duration: 01:09

Interview extract with Martin Luther King, in which he explains the philosophy and the aims of non-violent protest.

 
Massacre at Sharpeville, South Africa, 1960
Massacre at Sharpeville, South Africa, 1960

Duration: 04:38

Peaceful protests against the passbooks were met with brutal violence. Reactions to the Sharpeville Massacre are documented, and some of the long-term consequences of the event are considered.

 
Mississippi Burning remembered (audio)
Mississippi Burning remembered (audio)

Duration: 08:59

Interview with David Goodman, remembering his brother Andrew a civil rights activist who was murdered in 1964.

 
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Montgomery Bus Boycott

Duration: 01:07

The 1955 arrest of Rosa Parks led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the end of transport segregation in America.

 
Obama wins US Presidential Election
Obama wins US Presidential Election

Duration: 0:52

Barack Obama speaks to a crowd of supporters on learning that he has won the United States Presidential election of 2008.

 
Post-1945 segregation
Post-1945 segregation

Duration: 00:55

A description of the realities of segregation in the USA.

 
Race riots in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963
Race riots in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963

Duration: 03:55

British news report from Birmingham, Alabama, USA, in 1963 which tries to explain the extent of racial tension and violence and also describe government attempts to tackle further disturbance.

 
Racial Prejudice in the USA in the 20th Century
Racial Prejudice in the USA in the 20th Century

Duration: 00:02:09

The prejudice and discrimination that still faced black Americans in the 20th century.

 
Remembering the Detriot Riots of 1967 (audio)
Remembering the Detriot Riots of 1967 (audio)

Duration: 08:59

On 23 July 1967, riots broke out in the US city of Detroit, Michigan.

 
Reputation and role of President Kennedy
Reputation and role of President Kennedy

Duration: 00:32

A historian questions the extent of US President Kennedy's involvement in the Civil Rights Movement.

 
Revisit the black power salute from the Mexico Olympics of 1968
Revisit the black power salute from the Mexico Olympics of 1968

Duration: 05:31

An interview with Tommie Smith who caused controversy during the 1968 Mexico Olympics with his Black Power salute.

 
Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks

Duration: 01:49

American Civil Rights activist Rosa Parks describes the event that made her a heroine of the Civil Rights Movement in 1955.

 
Selma to Montgomery March
Selma to Montgomery March

Duration: 02:00

In 1965, a march of protest from Selma, Alabama, was violently broken up by state and local police. A court order was raised that prevented the state from blocking further marches from Selma to Montgomery.

 
Struggle against segregation in the USA
Struggle against segregation in the USA

Duration: 01:55

A reflection on the struggle against segregation in 1950s USA as the nation prepares for its first black President.

 
The American Civil War
The American Civil War

Duration: 08:53

Drama and narration set the economic and moral context for the American Civil War.

 
The Great Migration
The Great Migration

Duration: 01:23

The reasons for and impact of the Great Migration of half a million African Americans from the South to the North.

 
The ideas and impact of Marcus Garvey
The ideas and impact of Marcus Garvey

Duration: 00:03:56

Marcus Garvey's aims and ideas, and his impact on black people in the Caribbean in particular.

 
The Revolutionary Action Movement – an example of Black Power from 1964
The Revolutionary Action Movement – an example of Black Power from 1964

Duration: 02:21

News report on a radical African American nationalist organisation based in New York, USA, in 1964.

 
The views of Black Muslim Leader Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam Movement
The views of Black Muslim Leader Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam Movement

Duration: 03:16

A 1964 report exploring the views of the Nation of Islam and the differences between it and the more moderate Civil Rights movement.

 
Tommie Smith's black power salute
Tommie Smith's black power salute

Duration: 01:27

Tommie Smith explains why he made the famous 'Black Power Salute' during the awards ceremony at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics.

 
US Attorney General Robert Kennedy speaking about Civil Rights, 1963
US Attorney General Robert Kennedy speaking about Civil Rights, 1963

Duration: 02:58

As part of a contemporary British news programme, US Attorney General Robert Kennedy responds to criticisms that the government had not done enough to improve Civil Rights.

 
US President Johnson introduces the Voting Rights Bill, 1965
US President Johnson introduces the Voting Rights Bill, 1965

President Johnson at the US Congress, introduces a new law to ban restrictions preventing African Americans from voting.

 
USA segregation after the abolition of slavery
USA segregation after the abolition of slavery

Duration: 01:34

A look at the introduction of the legal systems of Racial Segregation in the American South in the 1870s and 80s.

 
Views of the Civil Rights Law in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963
Views of the Civil Rights Law in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963

Duration: 02:47

News interview with Eugene Connor, Public Safety Commissioner for Birmingham, Alabama, USA, on his views about Civil Rights campaigns. Followed by an interview with Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King.

 
Voting Rights Act, 1965
Voting Rights Act, 1965

Duration: 01:09

The Civil Rights Law of 1964 did not abolish the literacy tests that prevented some people from voting.

 
What did Black Power mean to poor African Americans?
What did Black Power mean to poor African Americans?

Duration: 01:23

An African American sharecropper explains the impact of Stokely Carmichael and his concept of Black Power on the life of her community.

 
What impact did the 1960s campaign for equal voting rights have in Alabama, USA?
What impact did the 1960s campaign for equal voting rights have in Alabama, USA?

Duration: 02:24

A British news report from 1974 that examines the continuing existence of discrimination against African Americans in some parts of the USA's Deep South.

 
What role did the Freedom Riders play in the Civil Rights Movement?
What role did the Freedom Riders play in the Civil Rights Movement?

Duration: 01:52

Eyewitness accounts of the 1961 US Freedom Rides.

 
Who were civil rights campaigners representing in their equal voting rights campaigns of 1965?
Who were civil rights campaigners representing in their equal voting rights campaigns of 1965?

Duration: 01:28

British news report looking at African American sharecroppers, the poorest section of American society, and the challenges they faced.

 
Why did lunch counter protests make the headlines in the USA in 1960?
Why did lunch counter protests make the headlines in the USA in 1960?

Duration: 01:22

US students involved in the lunch counter protests of 1960 recall their actions and what happened to them as a result.

 

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