Clip description Keywords
Aims of the 'Big Three' at Versailles
Aims of the 'Big Three' at Versailles

Duration: 04:12

A look at the state of Europe at the end of the First World War and the aims of Clemenceau, Wilson and Lloyd George at the Paris Peace negotiations.

 
Britain's policy of appeasement
Britain's policy of appeasement

Duration: 00:37

A look at the British decision to appease Germany, and an explanation of the appeasement policy.

 
British attitudes to Hitler and Germany
British attitudes to Hitler and Germany

Duration: 00:59

A look at the attitude of the British aristocracy to the leadership and progress in Germany.

 
British attitudes to the Soviet Union before the Second World War
British attitudes to the Soviet Union before the Second World War

Duration: 01:05

Unlike France, Britain saw the Soviet Union as a greater threat to peace than Germany.

 
British foreign policy and the Spanish Civil War
British foreign policy and the Spanish Civil War

Duration: 00:33

What challenges did the Spanish Civil War pose for Britain?

 
Chamberlain's attempts to keep the peace through appeasement
Chamberlain's attempts to keep the peace through appeasement

Duration: 04:50

An examination of Chamberlain's motivation for appeasement, plus Hitler's responses and then breaking his promise about territorial demands. Delineates the sequence of events leading up to the British declaration of war.

 
Chamberlain's diplomacy and the Munich Conference
Chamberlain's diplomacy and the Munich Conference

Duration: 01:12

Hitler's demands for the Sudetenland led to the Munich Conference in 1938.

 
Contents of the Treaty of Versailles
Contents of the Treaty of Versailles

Duration: 01:39

The main clauses of the Treaty of Versailles, including the land settlement, military reduction, reparations, war guilt and the League of Nations.

 
Guernica and Franco's Victory
Guernica and Franco's Victory

Duration: 01:09

The German bombing of Guernica gave military planners an example of the tactic of aerial bombing and the devastation it would cause.

 
Hitler annexes Czechoslovakia and invades Poland
Hitler annexes Czechoslovakia and invades Poland

Duration: 03:24

How Hitler annexed Czechoslovakia and then went on to invade Poland in 1939, explored via commentary and primary footage.

 
Hitler annexes the Rhineland and Austria
Hitler annexes the Rhineland and Austria

Duration: 03:44

An examination of Hitler's actions in the Rhineland and Austria. It explains how his actions are a gamble and considers how far he is bluffing.

 
Japanese invasion of Manchuria and the League of Nations' Response
Japanese invasion of Manchuria and the League of Nations' Response

Duration: 02:29

The reasons for the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and the response of the League of Nations.

 
Mussolini and Abyssinia
Mussolini and Abyssinia

Duration: 02:12

A look at the toughest crisis the League of Nations faced, when Italy, a Council member, invaded Abyssinia. It examines the failure of the League to provide an adequate response and, in particular, the responsibility of Britain and France.

 
The Anschluss
The Anschluss

Duration: 02:13

The Anschluss, or annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany, was welcomed by the majority of Austrians. It led to discrimination against the Austrian Jews.

 
The invasion of Czechoslovakia
The invasion of Czechoslovakia

Duration: 01:16

The impact of the German invasion of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 brought an end to Chamberlain's appeasement policy.

 
The League of Nations and international co-operation
The League of Nations and international co-operation

Duration: 00:40

A look at the League of Nations' impact on international military action and its failed role in protecting Abyssinia from attack by Italy.

 
The League of Nations in the 1920s
The League of Nations in the 1920s

Duration: 02:22

A look at the interests of the permanent members of the League's Council and the changing attitudes to Germany in the 1920s, and how the situation changed with the onset of the Great Depression.

 
The Munich Agreement
The Munich Agreement

Duration: 01:31

Chamberlain negotiates the Munich Agreement, giving the Sudetenland to Germany.

 
The reoccupation of the Rhineland
The reoccupation of the Rhineland

Duration: 01:03

A look at the German reoccupation of the Rhineland, explaining the background of this Demilitarised Zone set up under the Treaty of Versailles.

 
The state of the British Armed Forces after WW1
The state of the British Armed Forces after WW1

Duration: 01:24

A look at the reasons behind Britain's limited military power after the First World War.

 
The Sudetenland
The Sudetenland

Duration: 0125

Chamberlain's decision to travel to meet Hitler and reach a negotiated settlement to the Czech crisis.

 
The Treaty of Versailles, 1919
The Treaty of Versailles, 1919

Duration: 01:47

In 1919, the leaders of the victorious nations met at Versailles to make a peace settlement.

 
Was appeasement a cowardly policy?
Was appeasement a cowardly policy?

Duration: 04:10

Using original footage and reconstructions, the arguments in favour of appeasement in the circumstances Britain found itself in the 1930s are oulined.

 
Was Hitler always planning to go to war?
Was Hitler always planning to go to war?

Duration: 03:24

A look at Hitler's words in Mein Kampf and his actions in the 20s and 30s, and considers whether he always intended to go to war.

 
Weaknesses in the foundation and structure of the League of Nations
Weaknesses in the foundation and structure of the League of Nations

Duration: 02:54

An overview of the League of Nations from foundation in 1919 to discrediting in 1930s. Failure of President Wilson to get the USA to join, structural weaknesses, limited powers and limited membership sealed its fate.

 
Why the Treaty of Versailles failed
Why the Treaty of Versailles failed

Duration: 03:32

What was the German reactions to the Treaty of Versailles? A look at feelings of humiliation and the effects of the various clauses on Germany.

 
Why the Treaty of Versailles was unpopular in Germany?
Why the Treaty of Versailles was unpopular in Germany?

Duration: 01:19

German hatred of the loss of territory and people in the Treaty of Versailles, and the view that Ebert sold out his people and stabbed them in the back. Hitler's view the war had been in vain is touched on.

 
Wilson's Fourteen Points
Wilson's Fourteen Points

Duration: 01:42

Woodrow Wilson attempted to force a peace agreement with Germany without consulting the Allies.

 

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