Clip description Keywords
An early theory of rock deposition
An early theory of rock deposition

Duration: 02:55

Early geologists believed all Scotland's landscape was formed by young rock being laid down over old. A visit to the Old Man of Storr looks closely at layers of sedimentary rock deposited over millions of years.

 
An illustration of continental drift
An illustration of continental drift

A world map is cut up and the continents moved to show how they once fit together.

 
Are there gold deposits in Irish mountains?
Are there gold deposits in Irish mountains?

Duration: 01:38

The ancient Caledonian mountain range and its gold deposits.

 
Discovery of the mid-Atlantic ridge
Discovery of the mid-Atlantic ridge

An explanation of how the mid-Atlantic ridge was discovered, with clear graphics showing its position and extent.

 
Egypt’s white deserts
Egypt’s white deserts

Duration: 02:01

A combination of specialist tracking timelapse and digital stills photography captured these dramatic scenes as marble towers are sand-blasted into ever more bizarre shapes by desert winds.

 
Fold mountain formation
Fold mountain formation

Duration: 01:59

Professor Iain Stewart demonstrates a replica of a Victorian model that shows how sideways movement formed Scottish mountains.

 
Formation of carboniferous limestone
Formation of carboniferous limestone

Duration: 01:40

The geological formation of carboniferous limestone rock is illustrated.

 
Fossil evidence of geological movement (pt 1/2)
Fossil evidence of geological movement (pt 1/2)

Duration: 02:10

Iain Stewart poses the question of why Scottish trilobite fossils are the same as those found in North America but different from those found in England and continental Europe.

 
Fossils in cliffs at Belfast zoo. (audio)
Fossils in cliffs at Belfast zoo. (audio)

Duration: 04:43

Blueprint audio clip about the geological clues of the cliff face at Belfast zoo.

 
Fossils on Streedagh Beach in Ireland.
Fossils on Streedagh Beach in Ireland.

Duration: 01:49

Blueprint clip about the fossils found on Streedagh beach.

 
Geological shaping of the Antrim Plateau in Northern Ireland.
Geological shaping of the Antrim Plateau in Northern Ireland.

Duration: 03:17

How the Antrim Plateau was shaped and evidence of ancient deserts in the area.

 
Geology of the Malvern Hills
Geology of the Malvern Hills

Duration: 03:40

The Malvern Hills are some of the oldest rocks in England. The minerals in the rocks were formed under heat and pressure, which has made them hard and insoluble. The Malvern Hills therefore provide pure spring water.

 
Glen Coe and Scotland's volcanic past
Glen Coe and Scotland's volcanic past

Different rock-types in Glen Coe reveal Scotand's volcanic history including the existence of a caldera.

 
Gorges and dry valleys
Gorges and dry valleys

Duration: 01:54

During the ice age, underground water remained frozen while surface water melted. This led to the creation of the dry valleys, cliffs and gorges seen today.

 
How convection powers continental drift
How convection powers continental drift

Continental drift is powered by convection. This is explained using laboratory demonstration and graphics.

 
How Cwm Idwal slabs in Snowdonia National Park were affected by tectonic activity
How Cwm Idwal slabs in Snowdonia National Park were affected by tectonic activity

Duration: 15:05

Geologist and keen climber Dr Tom Challands challenges a pair of young people to climb a rock face in Snowdonia National Park to investigate how the Cwm Idwal slab was affected by tectonic activity in the past.

 
How Scotland's mountains were formed
How Scotland's mountains were formed

Duration: 04:38

Amateur geologist Charles Lapworth discovered old rock sitting above younger rock in Scotland's Highlands. This changed ideas about the formation of Scotland's mountains.

 
How the Roaches in the Peak District were formed
How the Roaches in the Peak District were formed

Duration: 15:48

Geologist and keen climber Dr Tom Challands challenges a pair of young people to climb a rock face at the Roaches in the Peak District National Park to see how the Roaches were formed.

 
How was the Giant's Causeway formed?
How was the Giant's Causeway formed?

Duration: 01:05

The formation of the Giant's Causeway.

 
How were the Marble Arch caves formed?
How were the Marble Arch caves formed?

Duration: 03:17

The formation of Fermanagh's Marble Arch Caves.

 
How were the Sperrin Mountains formed?
How were the Sperrin Mountains formed?

Duration: 02:05

How the Sperrin Mountains were formed.

 
How wind feeds life
How wind feeds life

Duration: 01:18

An explanation of how wind transports large amounts of nutrient-rich dust around the globe.

 
Investigating the Great Glen Fault in Scotland
Investigating the Great Glen Fault in Scotland

Duration: 4:47

The Great Glen Fault in northern Scotland is one of Britain's most important geological features.

 
Is there a geological border in Ireland?
Is there a geological border in Ireland?

Duration: 04:51

The collision of continents that's evidenced by geological border dividing Ireland in two.

 
Portland quarry 'forced' to expand despite opposition
Portland quarry 'forced' to expand despite opposition

Duration: 02:09

A quarrying firm on the Isle of Portland claims it must start extracting stone from a protected part of the coast, despite local opposition.

 
Rock formation and human activity at Castle Inn Quarry in Snowdonia National Park
Rock formation and human activity at Castle Inn Quarry in Snowdonia National Park

Duration: 15:36

Geologist and keen climber Dr Tom Challands challenges a pair of young people to climb a rock face at Castle Inn Quarry in North Wales to find evidence of how the rock was formed.

 
Sahara sand storms
Sahara sand storms

Duration: 01:39

Amazing and striking images of sand storms unveiling the power and destruction they have on the deserts around them.

 
Seismometers prove the theory of plate tectonics
Seismometers prove the theory of plate tectonics

Seismometer readings in the 1960s reveal the boundaries of tectonic plates.

 
Stone secrets
Stone secrets

Duration: 02:41

Alan Titchmarsh investigates where the rivers that sculpted Yorkshire's limestone pavements have gone.

 
Surface features of upland limestone areas
Surface features of upland limestone areas

Duration: 00:46

A summary of the surface features of upland limestone areas with annotated examples of each feature.

 
The changing face of London: wartime bombing
The changing face of London: wartime bombing

Duration: 02:37

Luftwaffe bombing campaigns during World War Two devastated large areas of London - archive footage and photographs.

 
The formation of the Antrim Plateau in Northern lreland
The formation of the Antrim Plateau in Northern lreland

Duration: 5'11

An explanation of how the Antrim Plateau in Northern Ireland was shaped, looking at evidence for ancient deserts in the area.

 
The Lizard Peninsular
The Lizard Peninsular

Duration: 06:59

The Lizard Peninsular in Cornwall is a unique geological feature, formed through continental drift. The peninsular is composed of oceanic crust, where both the crust and the mantle can be observed.

 
The Wave in Arizona
The Wave in Arizona

Duration: 01:34

Professor Iain Stewart visits The Wave, a rock formation in Arizona sculpted by the wind. This beautiful place is an important illustration of how the wind shapes the Earth.

 
Upland limestone drainage features
Upland limestone drainage features

Duration: 03:03

A summary of the drainage features of upland limestone areas with annotated examples of each feature.

 
Upland limestone drainage features
Upland limestone drainage features

Duration: 03:03

A demonstration of the features formed by water drainage in limestone areas, both at the surface and underground.

 
Upland limestone drainage features
Upland limestone drainage features

Duration: 01:09

A summary of the drainage features of upland limestone areas with annotated examples of each feature.

 
Were there brown bears in Ireland?
Were there brown bears in Ireland?

Duration: 01:17

The discovery of ancient brown bears in Ireland.

 
Were there dinosaurs in Ireland?
Were there dinosaurs in Ireland?

Duration: 02:23

The evidence for dinosaurs on the north coast of Norethern Ireland.

 
What do fossils tell us about Coal Pit Bay?
What do fossils tell us about Coal Pit Bay?

Duration: 04:51

Audio clip about the graptolites to be found in Coal pit Bay.

 
What does the Co Antrim coastline reveal about the past?
What does the Co Antrim coastline reveal about the past?

Duration: 01:39

The geological clues to the past along Ireland's coastline in Co Antrim.

 
What does the Co Antrim coastline reveal about the past?
What does the Co Antrim coastline reveal about the past?

Duration: 1'56

The geological clues to the past along Ireland's coastline in Co Antrim in Northern Ireland.

 
When water attacks mountains
When water attacks mountains

Duration: 02:51

An explanation of how water continually erodes the land and how the movement of the Earth's plates balances out water erosion and creates new land.

 

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