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Origins of the Khalsa
An animation is used to explain how Sikhism arose in the context of cruel persecution from the Mughal rulers of India. It tells a story of sacrifice and brotherhood, and of the emergence of the 'pure ones' (Khalsa). Guru Gobind Singh is shown, but not named, and the Five Beloved Ones (panj piare) emerge from their test of faith as the first Sikhs. Their baptism (amrit ceremony) is shown, and that of a modern female disciple. The terms Kaur (princess) and Singh (lion) are introduced, and the unity of believers is stressed.
Explain that Sikhism is a comparatively new religion that began as a response to oppression and rivalry between the older religions of Islam and Hinduism. Watch the clip, noting words such as sacrifice, purity, unity. Discuss the key values of this new community (courage, loyalty, etc.) and why they might adopt the sword as a symbol of their faith. Why do Sikhs have the same name? Look at the clothes they are wearing and find out how these developed into the five Ks. Find out how the events described are celebrated each year in the Baisakhi or Vasakhi festival. (See clip 673 - 'Baisakhi in the Gurdwara')
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