BBC Learning Zone Clips

CLIP 14340

How did the Tredegar workmen's medical aid society inspire the National Health Service?

How did the Tredegar workmen's medical aid society inspire the National Health Service?
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Key Info
  • How did the Tredegar workmen's medical aid society inspire the National Health Service?
  • Duration: 04:59
  • The South Wales town of Tradegar developed a distinctive system of health care which inspired local-born Labour Health Minister Aneaurin Bevan to create the National Health Service in 1948. Local workers used the model of earlier 19th century self-help schemes in which workers banded together to set up a fund for medical provision. The Tradegar Workmen's Medical Aid Society aimed to be independent of the local employers in the iron ore, steel and coal mining industries. The tight-knit community was responding to poor, cramped and insanitary housing. Workers, their wives and children had access to doctors, midwives, dentists, physiotherapists and hospital treatment through the payment of a "poundage" percentage rather than the more common flat-rate sum from wages. By the 1920s almost the entire population of Tredegar belonged to the society.First broadcast on 'Timeshift' on BBC4 in September 2012.
  • Subject:

    History

       Topic:

    Origins of the Welfare State in the 20th Century

  • Keywords: Tradegar, Wales, disease, infection, illness, health, medicine through time, National Health Service, NHS, iron, steel, coal, industry, working class, healthbeforethenhs, timeshift
Ideas for use in class
  • Teachers could use this to examine the origins of the National Health Service. A task might question which features of the Tradegar Workmen's Medical Aid Society were most likely to have influenced Aneaurin Bevan. Pupils should take note of what was provided by the society, and to whom it was made available. The commentary is more appropriate for older pupils studying the development of welfare in the 20th century in depth, and it might be relevant to view #3520 and #4214 to set the scene for the creation of the Welfare State and its effects.
Background details
  • Clip language : English
  • Aspect ratio : 16x9

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